Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Administration of George Washington. Election of 1789 Only President unanimously elected Only President unanimously elected Vice President John Adams.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Administration of George Washington. Election of 1789 Only President unanimously elected Only President unanimously elected Vice President John Adams."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Administration of George Washington

2 Election of 1789 Only President unanimously elected Only President unanimously elected Vice President John Adams Vice President John Adams

3 Foresight in going first "As the first of every thing, in our situation will serve to establish a Precedent, it is devoutly wished on my part, that these precedents may be fixed on true principles. -from a letter written to James Madison

4 Created a cabinet (power not mentioned in Constitution) left to right, President Washington, Secretary of War Henry Knox, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, and Attorney General Edmund Randolph

5 Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State Alexander Hamilton Secretary of Treasury Henry Knox Secretary of War Edmund Randolph Attorney General

6 Whiskey Rebellion Pennsylvania Why? tax on distilled spirits and carriages - farmers opposed tax as discriminatory

7 harassed tax collectors grew to an armed rebellion

8 George Washington Under command of Washington himself a militia put down the uprising Demonstrated how rebels would be dealt with Protest through the law!

9 Neutrality Act War between Great Britain and France War between Great Britain and France Which side did US take? Which side did US take? - France wants a Franco-American Alliance Neutrality Proclamation issued on April 22, 1793 Neutrality Proclamation issued on April 22, By Washington - US would be "friendly and impartial" Jefferson resigned at the end of 1793Jefferson resigned at the end of 1793 Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1794 Congress passed the Neutrality Act of based off Washingtons ideas

10 Jays Treaty The problem between GB and US The problem between GB and US - seizure of cargo from US ships unrelated to war unrelated to war - impressment of US sailors - Brits continued occupation of western posts w/in U.S. borders Chief Justice John Jay sent to seek a solution Chief Justice John Jay sent to seek a solution

11 Jays Treaty Britain agreed to vacate 6 western forts Britain agreed to vacate 6 western forts Most favored nation trading status goes to …Britain Most favored nation trading status goes to …Britain Avoided War!!! Avoided War!!! Did not address impressment of men Did not address impressment of men – unresolved issue (1812)

12 Reaction to Treaty Washington supported it Washington supported it Treaty was signed Treaty was signed Viewed as A Pact with the British Devil Viewed as A Pact with the British Devil Jay resigned from Supreme Court Jay resigned from Supreme Court

13 Pinckneys Treaty Opened up Miss. River to American navigation Opened up Miss. River to American navigation Allowed western settlers the "right to deposit" their exports in New Orleans Allowed western settlers the "right to deposit" their exports in New Orleans – engaged in commercial transactions within that city Spain officially recognized the southern and western boundaries of the U.S. as the 31st parallel and the Miss. River Spain officially recognized the southern and western boundaries of the U.S. as the 31st parallel and the Miss. River - Mississippi and Alabama access

14 GW retired after two terms - moved back to Mt. Vernon - moved back to Mt. Vernon

15 Farewell Address Warned of two important ideas: Warned of two important ideas: 1. The US should avoid entangling alliances 2. The US should avoid forming political parties It serves to distract the Public Councils, and enfeeble the Public Administration....agitates the Community with ill- founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one....against another....it opens the door to foreign influence and corruption...thus the policy and the will of one country are subjected to the policy and will of another." "It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world..."

16 Precedents set by Washington Established the Cabinet Established the Cabinet Supported innovative fiscal concepts such as the Bank of the US and a national debt Supported innovative fiscal concepts such as the Bank of the US and a national debt Introduced a policy of neutrality pertaining to foreign wars Introduced a policy of neutrality pertaining to foreign wars Two-term limit Two-term limit Established relations with Great Britain with Jays Treaty Established relations with Great Britain with Jays Treaty Established the tradition of a Presidential Farewell Address as well as an inaugural address Established the tradition of a Presidential Farewell Address as well as an inaugural address

17 George Washington finished his second term as the first President of the United States in He died on December 14, 1799 at age 67

18 First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen, he was second to none in humble and enduring scenes of private life. Pious, just, humane, temperate, and sincere; uniform, dignified, and commanding; his example was as edifying to all around him as were the effects of that example lasting…Correct throughout, vice shuddered in his presence and virtue always felt his fostering hand. The purity of his private character gave effulgence to his public virtues…Such was the man for whom our nation mourns. Henry Lee


Download ppt "The Administration of George Washington. Election of 1789 Only President unanimously elected Only President unanimously elected Vice President John Adams."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google