Presentation on theme: "Anglo Saxons A Day in the Life of…. History 5 th Century: Germanic tribes invade –Angles –Saxons –Jutes Established Anglo-Saxon presence in England (Angle-Land)"— Presentation transcript:
Anglo Saxons A Day in the Life of…
History 5 th Century: Germanic tribes invade –Angles –Saxons –Jutes Established Anglo-Saxon presence in England (Angle-Land) Alfred the Great: Rex Angul-Saxonum –Late 800s: fights away Danish invaders –Promotes sense of national identity –Converts Latin texts to Old English
Civilizations Anglo-Saxons settled away from old Roman cities Strategic sites for agriculture or river ports to control land. One-room structures of timber and thatch Village centered around Mead-Hall, with central hearth.
Values Strength, courage, and power Hated peacefighting is more honorable. Revenge taken seriously War ended only by wergild or peace- weaver. Worst fate: survive fellow warriors or exile.
Religion Beliefs carried over from Germanic Paganism Pagan Gods: Tyr, Woden, Thor, Frigg Christianization occurred between AD Pagan information documented through priests set out to destroy it. Example: St. Augustine, Kentish King, and Woden
Law Saxon Chiefs chopped off hands and noses to punish petty crimes. Fear maintained control. A good king was a fearsome king. A good king was also generous. –Warrior gifts for acts of bravery in battle.
Ic wiht geseah on wege feran, A strange creature ran on a rippling road, seo wæs wrætlice wundrum gegierwed: Its cut was wild, its body bowed, hæfde feowere fet under wombe Four feet under belly, eight on its back, ond ehtuwe Two wings, twelve eyes, six heads, one track. monn h w M wiif m x l kf wf hors qxxs ufon on hrycge;5 It cruised the waves decked out like a bird, 5 hæfde tu fiþru ond twelf eagan But was more--the shape of a horse, man, ond siex heafdu. Saga hwæt hio wære. Dog, bird, and the face of a woman-- For flodwegas; ne wæs þæt na fugul ana, Weird riddle-craft riding the drift of words- - ac þær wæs æghwylces anra gelicnes10 Now sing the solution to what you've heard. horses ond monnes, hundes ond fugles, ond eac wifes wlite. þu wast, gif þu const, to gesecganne, þæt we soð witan-- hu þære wihte wise gonge. Riddle 34
Power and treasure for a prince to hold, Hard and steep-cheeked, wrapped in red Gold and garnet, ripped from a plain Of bright flowers, wrought--a remnant Of fire and file, bound in stark beauty 5 With delicate wire, my grip makes Warriors weep, my sting threatens The hand that grasps gold. Studded With a ring, I ravage heir and heirloom * * * To my lord and foes always lovely 10 And deadly, altering face and form. Riddle 69
In battle I rage against wave and wind, Strive against storm, dive down seeking A strange homeland, shrouded by the sea. In the grip of war, I am strong when still; In battle-rush, rolled and ripped In flight. Conspiring wind and wave Would steal my treasure, strip my hold, But I seize glory with a guardian tail As the clutch of stones stands hard Against my strength. Can you guess my name? Riddle 14
Who am I who stand so boldly by the sea road-- Hightowering, cheek-bright, useful to men? Riddle 68
My head is struck by a forging hammer, Sheared close by a shaping blade, Honed smooth by a fierce file. Sometimes I swallow my tempered foe, When bound by rings, I heave from behind, Thrust a long limb through a hard hole, Catch hard the keeper of the heart's pleasure, Twist with my tongue and turn back The midnight guardian of my lord's treasure When the conquering warrior comes to hold The gift of slaughter, the joy of gold. Riddle 87