Presentation on theme: "1 Onomastic Variation By Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace Nilsen."— Presentation transcript:
1 Onomastic Variation By Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace Nilsen
2 Acronyms, Initialisms and Numbers O. J. Simpson ( was known as the juice and was a spokesman for Orange Juice). Tony Dorset had the initials T.D. meaning “touchdown.” Note that Siddhartha Gautama and Jesus of Nazareth are known by their roles—Buddha and Christ or Savior. In Peanuts there are characters named 3, 4, and 5.
4 Aliases (a.k.a.) Barry Humphreys, Bruce Banner, Bruce Wayne, Clark Kent, Peter Parker, Wolverine Dame Edna, The Hulk, Batman, Superman, Spiderman; Wolverine’s aliases depend on the situation Note that Superman has to become Clark Kent to keep from being a superhero, while Bruce Wayne hides his identity by becoming Batman. Prince the artist formerly known as Prince. He is also known as “The Love Symbol.”
7 Then there are the doppelgangers, like Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Tweedledum and Tweedledee, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. There are also code names like POTUS for Barack Obama FLOTUS for Michelle Obama Sawhorse for Al Gore Angler for Dick Cheney Evergreen for Hillary Clinton Phoenix for John McCain.
9 Anagrams In the Lemony Snicket books, Count Olaf is an anagram of Al Funcoot Foreman Flacutono and Dr. O. Lucafont. In the Harry Potter books, Tom Marvolo Riddle is an anagram of “I am Lord Voldemort.”
Aptronyms in John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress Christian Faithful Mr. Brisk Mr. Great Heart Mr. Honest Giant Despair Giant Grim Madam Bubble Mr. Despondency Mr. Moneylove Mrs. Bats-Eyes 10
Mexico City Zoo: –Ying Ying Washington D.C. Zoo: –Ling Ling –Hsing-Hsing London Zoo: –Chia-Chia 16 As a mark of affection, Chinese parents often give their children double names. Since Pandas are native only to China, Pandas also receive double names.
Character Names In Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind she had a character named Pansy. On the advice of her editor she changed the name to Scarlett O’Hara. 22
23 Cryptonyms James Bond, Karl Malone 007, The Mailman (because of his number 32, the cost of a stamp at that time, and because “he delivers!”) In Get Smart Maxwell Smart was Agent 86 and his sidekick was Agent 99.
25 Gender Identifications Authors like S. E. Hinton and J. K. Rowling use initials. And Mary Evans George Eliot.
26 Toward Ethnicity Cassius Clay, Daniel Michaeli, David Cornwell, Jerry Rivers, Lesane Parish Crooks, Lew Alcindor, Susan Weaver Muhammad Ali, Danny DeVito, John Le Carré, Geraldo Rivera, Tupac Amaru Shakur, Kareem Abdul Jabar, Sigourney Weaver
29 Away from Ethnicity Aaron Chwatt, Avram Chomsky, Bernard Schwartz, Carlos Estevez, Carlos Ray, David Kaminsky, Dino Crocetti, Doris von Kappelhoff, Enrique Martin Morales, Frederick Austerlitz, Gerald Silberman Red Buttons, Noam Chomsky, Tony Curtis, Charlie Sheen, Chuck Norris, Danny Kaye, Dean Martin, Doris Day, Ricky Martin, Fred Astaire, Gene Wilder
31 Jacob Cohen, Jennifer Anastassakis, Joan Molinsky, Jonathan Leibowitz, Joseph Levitch, Larry Zeigler, Louise Ciccone Ritchie, Margarita Cansino, Melvin Kaminsky, Paul Rubenfeld, Raquel Tejada, Salvatore Bono, Winona Horowitz Rodney Dangerfield, Jennifer Aniston, Joan Rivers, Jon Stewart, Jerry Lewis, Larry King, Madonna, Rita Hayworth, Mel Brooks, Pee-Wee Herman, Raquel Welch, Sonny Bono, Winona Ryder
33 Toward Formality Andre Young, Dana Owens, Frances Gumm, Gary Keillor, James Bumbarner Dr. Dre, Queen Latifah, Judy Garland, Garrison Keillor, James Garner NOTE: We don’t normally go in this direction. We would prefer to be thought of as informal and maybe a bit off beat.
35 Away from Formality Aaron Chwatt, Allen Konigsberg, Caryn Johnson, Clerow Wilson, Cordazer Broadus, Dante Smith, David Atkins, Gordon Sumner, James Osterberg, James Smith, John Sanford, Joseph Keaton Red Buttons, Woody Allen, Whoopi Goldberg, Flip Wilson, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Mos Def, Sinbad, Sting, Iggy Pop, LL Cool J, Redd Foxx, Buster Keaton The rapper Christopher Wallace Notorious B.I.G. and then “Biggie Smalls.”
41 Nicknames Donald, Edward, Elizabeth, Francis, Gerald, Harold, Jacqueline, John, Joseph, Josephine, Judith, Leonard, Lucille, Margaret, Marjorie, Melvin, Nicholas, Patrick, Richard, Robert, Salvatore, Samuel, Susan, Theodore, Thomas, William Don, Ed, Lizzy/Lisa/Beth/Betsy/Elsbeth, Frank, Jerry, Harry/Hal, Jackie, Johnny/Jack, Joe, Jo (in Little Women), Judy, Leo, Lucy, Maj/Margo/Maggie/Meg/ Marge/Peggy/Peg, Mel, Nick (this is his “nick-name,” Pat, Dick, Bob, Sal, Sam, Sue/Suzie/Suzie Que, Ted, Tom, Will/Bill/Billie
42 Patronyms (first names become last names) Brian, Casey, Connor, Donald, Gerald, Jack, John, Murry, Neil, Owen, Patrick, Reilly, Ryan, Will O’Brian, O’Casey, O’Connor, McDonald/O’Donald, Fitzgerald, Jackson, Johnson, McMurry, Neilsen/McNeil/O’Neil, Bowen (Ap Owen), Fitzpatrick, O’Reilly, O’Ryan, Wilson
43 Pen Names Charles Dodgson, Daniel Handler, Richard Bachman, Samuel Clemens Lewis Carroll, Lemony Snicket, Stephen King, Mark Twain And Theodore Seuss Geisel Dr. Seuss, Theo Le Seig, and Rosetta Stone
When Ernest Hemingway was in high school (1916- 1917) he used all of the following pen names: B. S. E. H. Ernest Hemingway Ernest MacNamara Hemingway Ernest Michaelowitch Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway 47
49 Pet Names These names tend to be mild insults. Please tell us the pet names of people you know. For example: I have a cat that I call “Dipper Hips.” That’s my cat’s “pet name.” My own name is Don Lee Fred Nilsen, so people used to call me Dolphin (DLFN). When people call me Donald, I correct them by saying, “No, Donald is the duck.” In the army I went to German operas, so my buddies called me “Fledermaus.”
51 Pseudonyms Mary Maria Marianne “Ave Maria,” marionnette Note that in the music industry most of the Pseudonyms are quite dark or playful, like the following: Alien, Buck Satan, Hypo Luxa, Jello Biafra
52 Recycling of Names David Copperfield (Dickens Character), Dolly Parton (Country Singer), & Englebert Humperdink (Opera Composer), Yogi Berra (baseball catcher) David Copperfield (magician, né David Kotkin), Dolly (sheep cloned from a mammary gland), & Englebert Humperdink (singer, né Arnold Dorsey), Yogi Bear (cartoon character) On Lost, the con-man James Ford takes on the alias of “Sawyer” from another con-man who goes by the name of “Tom Sawyer.” He is part capitalist (Ford) and part con-man “Sawyer.”
54 The Name Jacques in France In France, the non-aristocrats were called “La Jacquerie.” Originally this referred to any peasant or non-aristocrat, but later it referred to the “peasant uprising” that marched from Marseille to Paris and stormed the Bastille. In Charles Dickens’ Tale of Two Cities, three of the characters are named Jacques 1, Jacques 2 and Jacques 3.
Stage Names In 1920, Alan Bolt became America’s first important sexy movie star. But first, he had to change his name to Rudolph Valentino. 55
In his first movie, Arnold Schwarzenegger went by the name of Arnold Strong. His agent told him that Americans would never say Schwarzenegger. But he went back to his original name, telling his agent, “They can learn!” 57
Place Names When settlers came to Arizona, they invented such place names as: Carefree Golden Valley Inspiration, Paradise Valley Phoenix Tucson 61
But people just passing through Arizona invented such names as: Booze Crossing Contention Del Muerto Grasshopper Junction Hookers Hot Springs Tombstone 62
63 Toponymic Names Cody, Montana, Tex, The Virginian Chevy Chase, Dakota Fanning, Indiana Jones, Minnesota Fats, Rock Hudson & Tennessee Williams Cornelius Chase, Henry Deutschendorf, Janet Rasmussen, River Bottom Chevy Chase, John Denver, Janet Reno, River Phoenix
65 Names Web Sites American Name Society: http://www.wtsn.binghamton.edu/ANS/ Baby Names: http://nameberry.com/ Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. Names and Naming in Young Adult Literature. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2007. http://www.scarecrowpress.com/Catalog/SingleBook.s html?command=Search&db=^DB/CATALOG.db&eqS KUdata=0810858088