Presentation on theme: "Medieval Time Period: Norman Influence"— Presentation transcript:
1Medieval Time Period: Norman Influence Mrs. Mobley12th GradeBritish Lit
2Review: Anglo-Saxon Dates 5th Century: Germanic Tribes invadeCulture of warfare and strategyPagan beliefs combine well with dominated pictsAD: Christianization (Roman priests)Influence of valuesInfluence of languageLate 800s: Alfred the Great unites tribesHires scribes to document stories and historyBegins succession of rulers over greater kingdom
3Treaty of Saint Clair sur Epte 911 AD: Area of northern France given to Vikings in exchange for protection from other Vikings.Creation of Normandy!Norse Man…North Man…Norman…NormandyNormandy adapted to French cultureNormans adapted to French cultureMarried with French noblesLearned FrenchConverted to Christianity
4Norman Invasion1002 AD: King Aethelred of England married Emma, sister of Duke of NormandySon, Edward the Confessor, spends much of exile in Normandy1042 AD: Edward the Confessor succeeds English throneNorman friends from years in exile enter English courtNo children, instability in kingdom at death1066 AD: William Duke of Normandy invades England, claims throne.Norway and English lords also claim throneBattle of Hastings in OctoberWilliam crowned at Westminster in December1071 AD: “William the Conqueror” begins stable succession.Eliminates other rebel lords claiming throne
5There’s a New King in Town! Innovative methods of controlSo successful, by 1072, William mainly ruled from France!New reward system for battleNormans wanted land, not moneyWilliam redistributed England among his leadersAwarded specific estates separate from each other…no large centrally located strongholds.William’s in charge, his lords merely “held” his land for him
6More Changes… New system for inheritance Marriage Widows of powerful English leaders could not pass their land to the next male in their familyLand forfeited to king for approval of inheritanceMarriageKing would force the widow to marry a Norman, or the king automatically bestowed the land on the Norman.1100s saw many marriages between English natives and Normans.1348 Black Plague: much of the nobility died offThe only nobility left must marry within its own circle, eliminating any “pure” lines of Normans or natives.
7Norman Legacy: Replacement of Elite Introduction of French Language Eliminates native English leaders, replaced with Normans.Intermarriage of Normans males with native English women.Introduction of French LanguageOld English OutOld English mixed with FrenchFrench was language of noblesUntil early 14th century when Middle English was acceptedIntroduction of French Values (in life and stories)French “courtly love”French “chivalry”French “code of honor” or “order”
8More Norman Legacy… English-French Rivalry As Duke of Normandy, William was a vassal of the King of France.As King of England, William was then the King of France’s equal.1204, King of France invaded Normandy and took over.Ever since, English kings continued to claim “King of England and France,” referring to Normandy claim…and a little more just for spite.
9Courtly Love and Chivalry Proper relationship between a gallant knight and his fair lady.A medieval knight respects his fair lady by showing her courtesy and protecting her rights.The fair lady must be virtuous, kind, and true to her knight.Example: Edward III’s Order of the GarterMotto: “Evil to him who thinks evil.”Dancing at court, a lady’s garter fallsLewd jokesEdward picks up garter and scolds his lords“Shame to he who thinks evil of it!”Defend a lady’s honor! Don’t question her purity!Don’t joke about an honorable lady’s virtue! It is sacred!
10Chivalry in Literature “Medieval Romance”Verse or prose narrative involving:Adventurous heroesIdealized loveExotic placesSupernatural eventsHidden or mistaken identitySir Gawain and the Green Knight p. 226