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Napoleons Domestic Policies 11-3. Napoleon says he preserved the gains of the Revolution Napoleon says he preserved the gains of the Revolution But despite.

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Presentation on theme: "Napoleons Domestic Policies 11-3. Napoleon says he preserved the gains of the Revolution Napoleon says he preserved the gains of the Revolution But despite."— Presentation transcript:

1 Napoleons Domestic Policies 11-3

2 Napoleon says he preserved the gains of the Revolution Napoleon says he preserved the gains of the Revolution But despite his claims, this may be questionable. But despite his claims, this may be questionable. REMEMBER: Napoleon calls his govt a republic, but it really isnt REMEMBER: Napoleon calls his govt a republic, but it really isnt

3 Peace with the Church One of his first actions as leader was to make peace with the Catholic Church One of his first actions as leader was to make peace with the Catholic Church However, Napoleon was a man of the Enlightenment and believed in reason over religion However, Napoleon was a man of the Enlightenment and believed in reason over religion Napoleon mended the relationship with the Church to appease the Catholic public Napoleon mended the relationship with the Church to appease the Catholic public

4 Peace with the Church (cont) 1801 agreement w/ pope 1801 agreement w/ pope Recognized Catholicism as the religion of the majority Recognized Catholicism as the religion of the majority Pope would not ask for the return of Church lands Pope would not ask for the return of Church lands Catholic Church no long an enemy of the govt Catholic Church no long an enemy of the govt People who acquired Church lands became big supporters of Napoleon People who acquired Church lands became big supporters of Napoleon

5 Codification of the Laws Pre Rev300 separate legal systems Pre Rev300 separate legal systems Napoleon created one law for the entire country Napoleon created one law for the entire country Civil Code (Napoleonic Code) Civil Code (Napoleonic Code) Equality of all citizens before the law Equality of all citizens before the law Right to choose profession Right to choose profession Religious toleration Religious toleration Abolition of serfdom and feudalism Abolition of serfdom and feudalism

6 Civil Code (cont) Under the Code, women less equal than men Under the Code, women less equal than men Once married women are not allowed to own property Once married women are not allowed to own property Divorce is difficult Divorce is difficult Not allowed to testify in court Not allowed to testify in court Treated like children who need protection Treated like children who need protection

7 A New Bureaucracy Strong central govt Strong central govt Bureaucracy based on merit, not rank/birth Bureaucracy based on merit, not rank/birth Middle class members can move up in position based on talent Middle class members can move up in position based on talent New aristocracy New aristocracy 3,200 new nobles ( ) 3,200 new nobles ( ) 60% military officers 60% military officers 40% civil service officials 40% civil service officials Aristocracy now 60% from middle class backgrounds Aristocracy now 60% from middle class backgrounds

8 Preserver of the Revolution? Civil Code Civil Code Equality Equality Merit advancement Merit advancement Religious toleration Religious toleration Despotism Despotism 60/73 newspapers shut down 60/73 newspapers shut down Book banning Book banning Manuscripts subject to govt scrutiny Manuscripts subject to govt scrutiny Mail opened by govt police Mail opened by govt police Women not equal Women not equal


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