2 FIVE MINUTES to READ pages Introduction and 1.1.
3 VOCABULARYMonotheism monoteísmo: they believe there is only ONE God.Prophet profetaMuslims for them Allah is their God and Muhammad (Mahoma) is his ProphetNomad rancher ganaderos nómadasWidow viudaIberian Peninsula
4 MAIN DATES 570 A.C. Muhammad was born in Mecca 610 A.C. Arcangel Gabriel appears and tells Muhammad he will be the prophet of a new religion, Islam622 A.C. Hegira or the moment in which Muhammad has to scape from Mecca and go to Medina. The Islamic calendar begins now630 A.C. Muhammad conquers Mecca632 A.C. Muhammad dies
5 1.1. The Rise of Islam 1.1.1. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam In Arabia, a desert peninsula, there were Jews (judíos), Christians (cristianos) and polytheistsThey worked as caravans, nomads rancher and agriculturesIn Mecca, the main religious center, they had the Kaaba, a black stone, maybe a meteorite and they thought it was magiccontinues
6 1.1. The Rise of Islam (…continuation) Muhammad was born in 570 and soon he became orphaned (huérfano).He got married a rich widowHe used to pray alone, in a caveWhen he was forty, arcangel Gabriel appeared and told him that he was going to be the prophet of a new religion, Islam
7 1.1. The Rise of Islam 1.1.2. Hegira (escape or runaway) Islam wasn’t accepted easily in Mecca and they fought against MuhammadMuhammad had to scape and leave Mecca and took refuge in Medina. This happened in 622 and it’s called Hégira. It’s the beginning of the Islamic era. They don’t live in 2011continues
8 1.1. The Rise of Islam (…continuation) Muhammad got Medina became first islamic city and with these soldiers he fought against Mecca and in 630 he could enter Mecca as conqueror. The firts thing he did was destroy the old idols.When he died, in 632, all Arabia was Muslim
9 1.1. The Rise of Islam The Holy Places of Islam Kaaba, a cubic monument that protects a black stone. This religious place exists before Muhammad. Now, to visit Kaaba is a Muslim ritual.Medina, the place in which Muhammad had to refuge during Hegira. In this city, Muslims built the first mosque (mezquita)
11 ACTIVITIES Who were Arabian people? What religion they had? Who was Muhammad? Tell FIVE things about his lifePut in order:Hegira, Muhammad birth, Kaaba, Muhammad death, first mosque, arcangel Gabriel
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