Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

LESSON 1 ISLAM AND AL-ANDALUS. FIVE MINUTES to READ pages Introduction and 1.1.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "LESSON 1 ISLAM AND AL-ANDALUS. FIVE MINUTES to READ pages Introduction and 1.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 LESSON 1 ISLAM AND AL-ANDALUS

2 FIVE MINUTES to READ pages Introduction and 1.1.

3 VOCABULARY Monotheism monoteísmo: they believe there is only ONE God. Prophet profeta Muslims for them Allah is their God and Muhammad (Mahoma) is his Prophet Nomad rancher ganaderos nómadas Widow viuda Iberian Peninsula

4 MAIN DATES 570 A.C. Muhammad was born in Mecca 610 A.C. Arcangel Gabriel appears and tells Muhammad he will be the prophet of a new religion, Islam 622 A.C. Hegira or the moment in which Muhammad has to scape from Mecca and go to Medina. The Islamic calendar begins now 630 A.C. Muhammad conquers Mecca 632 A.C. Muhammad dies

5 1.1. The Rise of Islam Muhammad, Prophet of Islam –In Arabia, a desert peninsula, there were Jews (judíos), Christians (cristianos) and polytheists –They worked as caravans, nomads rancher and agricultures –In Mecca, the main religious center, they had the Kaaba, a black stone, maybe a meteorite and they thought it was magic continues

6 1.1. The Rise of Islam (…continuation) –Muhammad was born in 570 and soon he became orphaned (huérfano). –He got married a rich widow –He used to pray alone, in a cave –When he was forty, arcangel Gabriel appeared and told him that he was going to be the prophet of a new religion, Islam

7 1.1. The Rise of Islam Hegira (escape or runaway) –Islam wasnt accepted easily in Mecca and they fought against Muhammad –Muhammad had to scape and leave Mecca and took refuge in Medina. This happened in 622 and its called Hégira. Its the beginning of the Islamic era. They dont live in 2011 continues

8 1.1. The Rise of Islam (…continuation) –Muhammad got Medina became first islamic city and with these soldiers he fought against Mecca and in 630 he could enter Mecca as conqueror. The firts thing he did was destroy the old idols. –When he died, in 632, all Arabia was Muslim

9 1.1. The Rise of Islam The Holy Places of Islam –Kaaba, a cubic monument that protects a black stone. This religious place exists before Muhammad. Now, to visit Kaaba is a Muslim ritual. –Medina, the place in which Muhammad had to refuge during Hegira. In this city, Muslims built the first mosque (mezquita)

10 Links and photos y-la-piedra-negra/

11 ACTIVITIES Who were Arabian people? What religion they had? Who was Muhammad? Tell FIVE things about his life Put in order: –Hegira, Muhammad birth, Kaaba, Muhammad death, first mosque, arcangel Gabriel


Download ppt "LESSON 1 ISLAM AND AL-ANDALUS. FIVE MINUTES to READ pages Introduction and 1.1."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google