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Presentation on theme: "LESSON 1 ISLAM AND AL-ANDALUS"— Presentation transcript:


2 FIVE MINUTES to READ pages Introduction and 1.1.

3 VOCABULARY Monotheism  monoteísmo: they believe there is only ONE God. Prophet  profeta Muslims  for them Allah is their God and Muhammad (Mahoma) is his Prophet Nomad rancher  ganaderos nómadas Widow  viuda Iberian Peninsula

4 MAIN DATES 570 A.C.  Muhammad was born in Mecca
610 A.C.  Arcangel Gabriel appears and tells Muhammad he will be the prophet of a new religion, Islam 622 A.C.  Hegira or the moment in which Muhammad has to scape from Mecca and go to Medina. The Islamic calendar begins now 630 A.C.  Muhammad conquers Mecca 632 A.C.  Muhammad dies

5 1.1. The Rise of Islam 1.1.1. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam
In Arabia, a desert peninsula, there were Jews (judíos), Christians (cristianos) and polytheists They worked as caravans, nomads rancher and agricultures In Mecca, the main religious center, they had the Kaaba, a black stone, maybe a meteorite and they thought it was magic continues

6 1.1. The Rise of Islam (…continuation)
Muhammad was born in 570 and soon he became orphaned (huérfano). He got married a rich widow He used to pray alone, in a cave When he was forty, arcangel Gabriel appeared and told him that he was going to be the prophet of a new religion, Islam

7 1.1. The Rise of Islam 1.1.2. Hegira (escape or runaway)
Islam wasn’t accepted easily in Mecca and they fought against Muhammad Muhammad had to scape and leave Mecca and took refuge in Medina. This happened in 622 and it’s called Hégira. It’s the beginning of the Islamic era. They don’t live in 2011 continues

8 1.1. The Rise of Islam (…continuation)
Muhammad got Medina became first islamic city and with these soldiers he fought against Mecca and in 630 he could enter Mecca as conqueror. The firts thing he did was destroy the old idols. When he died, in 632, all Arabia was Muslim

9 1.1. The Rise of Islam The Holy Places of Islam
Kaaba, a cubic monument that protects a black stone. This religious place exists before Muhammad. Now, to visit Kaaba is a Muslim ritual. Medina, the place in which Muhammad had to refuge during Hegira. In this city, Muslims built the first mosque (mezquita)

10 Links and photos

11 ACTIVITIES Who were Arabian people? What religion they had?
Who was Muhammad? Tell FIVE things about his life Put in order: Hegira, Muhammad birth, Kaaba, Muhammad death, first mosque, arcangel Gabriel


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