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UNIT 1 FIRE FIGHTING محاربة (إطفاء) الحرائق حينما نريد أن نعطي تعليمات بالأمر في اللغة الإنجليزية فإننا نبدأ بالفعل مباشرةً مثل: Giving Instructions.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 1 FIRE FIGHTING محاربة (إطفاء) الحرائق حينما نريد أن نعطي تعليمات بالأمر في اللغة الإنجليزية فإننا نبدأ بالفعل مباشرةً مثل: Giving Instructions."— Presentation transcript:

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2 UNIT 1 FIRE FIGHTING محاربة (إطفاء) الحرائق

3 حينما نريد أن نعطي تعليمات بالأمر في اللغة الإنجليزية فإننا نبدأ بالفعل مباشرةً مثل: Giving Instructions إعطاء التعليمات استمع إلى المعلم! Listen to the teacher! ساعد أباك! Help your father! أرسل سيارة إطفاء بسرعة! Send a fire engine quickly! حينما نريد أن نعطي تعليمات بالنهي فإننا نبدأ بـ Dont : لا تدخن! Dont smoke! لا تضيع أي وقت! Dont waste any time!

4 حينما نريد أن نقوي التعليمات بالأمر فإننا نضيف Always : Giving Instructions إعطاء التعليمات دائما استمع إلى المعلم! Always listen to the teacher! دائما ساعد أباك!Always help your father! دائما أرسل سيارة إطفاء بسرعة! Always send a fire engine quickly! حينما نريد أن نقوي التعليمات بالنهي فإننا نبدأ بـ Never : لا تدخن أبدا!Never smoke! لا تضيع أي وقت أبدا! Never waste any time!

5 Make the following instructions stronger: Dont let children play with matches. Never let children play with matches. Keep a fire-extinguisher in the kitchen. Always keep a fire-extinguisher in the kitchen. Obey your father. Always obey your father. Dont cheat. Never cheat. تعليمات أقوى

6 if الشرطية لها عدة إستخدامات وسنأخذ اثنين منها: if لو الشرطية الإستخدام الأول: الجزء الأول من الجملة الشرطية مضارع والجزء الثاني (جواب الشرط ) يكون شيء مستقبلي If + Present, … future لو تأكل كثيرا ستصبح سمينا. If you eat too much, you will become fat الإستخدام الثاني: الجزء الأول مضارع والثاني يكون تعليمات If + Present, … instruction إذا كانت الإشارة حمراء, لا تعبر.If the traffic light is red, dont go. مضارع مستقبل مضارع تعليمات الإستخدام الثاني بترتيب مختلف instruction + If + Present لا تعبر إذا كانت الإشارة حمراء.Do not go if the traffic light is red.

7 Complete the following sentences If you are under 17, ……………………………... ( drive) do not drive If you need a fire engine, …………………………… ( call) Call 998 Write the following in another way If you see a fire, dont waste any time. Dont waste any time if you see a fire. Call the Police if you have an accident. If you have an accident call the police.

8 Do as shown in brackets If you study, you will pass the exam. ( change the order) You will pass the exam if you study. Call the Police if you have an accident. (begin with if) If you have an accident, call the police. If you want the news, read newspapers ( change the order of instructions ) Read newspapers if you want the news.

9 إسأل السؤال الصحيح لتحصل على المعلومات التي تريدها: Asking Questions What question do you ask if you want to know the meaning of a word : 1- What does ………………………………. mean? تضع الكلمة التي تسأل عنها 2- How do you say …………….….. in Arabic? police What question do you ask if you want to know the spelling of a word: How do you spell ……….……..? police What question do you ask if you want to know the pronunciation of a word: How do you pronounce………………..? police What question do you ask if you want to know which word the teacher is explaining: Which word are you explaining?

10 What question do you ask if you want to know which line the teacher is on: Which line are you on? What question do you ask if you want to know which page the teacher is on: Which page are you on? What question do you ask if you want to know which paragraph the teacher is on: Which paragraph are you on? ملاحظة : إذا أردت أن تسأل سؤالا غير متوقع أو أردت أن تلفت نظر المعلم بأدب فإنك تقول : Excuse me! ( لو سمحت) which line are you on? Excuse me,

11 Do as shown in brackets What _______ this word mean ? ( complete) does How do you __________ this in Arabic ? ( complete) say Match the following ; a- extinguish ( ) come out accidentally b- tour ( ) also c- in addition ( ) visit d – spill ( ) put out e- rank ( ) to try f- experiment ( ) a persons position in the Police. d c b a f e

12 Choose the correct word: 1- put out 2- tour 3- deal with 4- spill 5- rank 6- preposition 7- minimum 8- on the job 9- extremely 10 – operator These books ………………… many interesting subjects. What is his …………………….. in the army ? Hes a major. Firemen usually ……………………. fires with water. Next holiday, we are going to ……………. all the cities of Saudi Arabia. The …………………. age for joining the army is 17. The questions took an …………………… long time to answer it. Ask the …………….. to connect you to the number which you want. If you …….. milk on the carpet, you should clean it. Firemen have training at the Civil Defense Institute and ……………. The …………………………. in the sentence is the word in. deal with rank put out tour minimum extremely operator spill on the job preposition

13 UNIT 2 ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME الحوادث في المنزل

14 Choose the correct word: 1-appliances 2- develop 3- look like 4- shock 5- smoke 6- scald 7- young 8- simple 9- sharp 10- active a- Ahmad and Ali …………….. brothers but they are not. b-You should protect yourself against electric ……………….. c-That factory makes …………………. for washing clothes. d-It is easy to ………………….. colds in winter. e-You can …………………… yourself with boiling water. f-Ali is only ten. He is too………………… for secondary school. g-If you …………………., you will damage your lungs. h-That tool is very ………………………. Be careful that you do not cut yourself. i-Children are more ………………….. than old people. j-The test was very ………………….. Everybody passed. look like shock appliances developed scald young smoke sharp active simple

15 Match the words with their correct meanings: 1- appliance ( ) the ability to see 2- develop ( ) healthy and strong 3- difficult ( ) the opposite of easy 4- fit ( ) easy, not difficult 5- sight ( ) a machine used in homes. 6- simple ( ) to grow 7- good Choose the correct words 1- ( smoking- suffocation ) can cause cancer. 2- ( poisoning- burns - scalds) come from boiling water. 3- ( Mothers - fathers - children) have the greatest dangers in the kitchen 4- ( Teachers - Doctors - Firemen ) put out fires. 5- ( Death- fire - accident) is the end of life. 6 - (Sweet -Smoke-Appliances) are equipment used in homes.

16 Making and Replying to suggestions عرض الإقتراحات والرد عليها Making and Replying to suggestions عرض الإقتراحات والرد عليها عرض إقتراح Making suggestion القبول Accepting الرفض Refusing Why dont you go shopping? Thats a good idea. Im afraid I cant... لماذا لا تذهب للتسوق تلك فكرة جيدة أخشى (أظن) أنني لا أستطيع..(وتذكر السبب مثل إنشغالك أو مرضك إلخ) Im afraid I cant. I am busy.

17 Make and Reply to Suggestions: Why dont you see a doctor?.. see a doctor … Thats a good idea. اعرض إقتراحا اقبل ارفض Im afraid I cant. I dont have enough money. Why dont you go shopping?.. go shopping … Thats a good idea. Make a suggestion Accept Refuse Im afraid I cant. I have to stay at home Why dont you play football?.. play football … Thats a good idea. Make a suggestion Accept Refuse Im afraid I cant. Im sick.

18 VERB + ing AS A NOUN يقرأ read القراءة reading يسمم Poison تسمم poisoning يسقط fall السقوط falling يدخن smoke التدخين smoking يأكل eat الأكل eating يمكن تحويل الفعل إلى اسم بإضافة ing إلى الفعل: Use these words at the beginning and at the end of sentences: Playing tennis is good Playing tennis I like playing tennis في بداية الجملة في نهاية الجملة Learning English is important learning English I like learning English. At the beginning At the end

19 Adding ing Most verbs just add ing laugh Remove silent e, add ing (عدا ماكان منطوقا مثل be, see, free, flee Double the last letter انتهى الفعل بحرف ساكن وسبقه متحرك واحد laughing drinkdrinking growgrowing taketaking changechanging useusing sit sitting swim swimming stop stopping

20 Change These Sentences. Use Verb + ing. It is fun to exercise. Exercising is fun. It does you good to play sports. Playing sports does you good. It can be quite difficult to keep fit. Keeping fit can be quite difficult. It is a good idea to turn off the TV before you go to bed. Turning off the TV before you go to bed is a good idea.

21 Prepositions حروف الجر MEANING PREPOSITION USE IN A SENTENCE في / إلى into The man is putting his hand into the TV. على onto The water is spilling onto the floor. في in The tablets are in the bottle على on The food is on the table من/ من على Off/ out off The man is falling off the ladder بالقرب من near The child is near the cooker عبر across The carpenter is cutting across the wood في/ عند at The boy is at the door فوق (ملامس أو غير م مس) Over/ above The lamp is over the table The lamp is above the table

22 MEANING PREPOSITION USE IN A SENTENCE تحت/ أسفل Under/ below There is a fire under/below the stairs خ ل through A stone is coming through the window حول round The car is turning round the tree أمام in front of The boy is in front of the TV خلف behind The boy is behind the TV على (ملامس) On top of There are sweets on top of the cupboard بجانب At the side of The garage is at the side of the house على طول/ بإمتداد along A man is waking along the street بين between The fire-extinguisher is between the salt and sugar containers مقابل opposite Cleaner's shop is opposite the bank بجوار next to The Bakers is next to the bank.

23 Choose the correct preposition: for - off - about - with - of - on - by – out of a- Falling ……………… the ladder is a danger when you clean windows. b- Thank you ……………… your letter. c- I will tell you ………………… the fire service. d- She went ………….. the house and into the garden. e- Never try to put out oil fires ……………… water. f - Read the exercise …………….. this page. g- A lot …………… accidents happen in the home. h- Some boys go to school ………………. bike. off for about out of with on of by


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