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A Divided Nation. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850The Dred Scott DecisionJohn Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry 1.The Fugitive Slave Act made it a crime to help.

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Presentation on theme: "A Divided Nation. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850The Dred Scott DecisionJohn Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry 1.The Fugitive Slave Act made it a crime to help."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Divided Nation

2 Fugitive Slave Act of 1850The Dred Scott DecisionJohn Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry 1.The Fugitive Slave Act made it a crime to help runaway slaves and allowed officials to arrest those slaves in free areas. 2.Northerners were uncomfortable with the commissioners’ powers. 3.Northerners disliked the idea of a trial without a Jury. 4.Northerners disapproved of commissioners’ higher fees for returning slaves. 5.Most northerners were horrified that some free African Americans had been capture and sent to the South. 6.Many Northern states enacted laws that nullified its effect, making it worthless. 7.The refusal of northern states to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act was alleged by South Carolina as one reason for its secession from the Union. 8.When Anthony Burns, a fugitive slave was arrested, some abolitionist tried to use force to rescue him. The event persuaded many to join the abolitionist cause. 1.Dred Scott an enslaved man sued for his freedom after his slaveholder died. The Supreme Court ruled that African Americans whether free or slaves were not considered citizens of the U.S., and therefore had no right to sue in Federal Court. 2.Most white Southerners cheered and rejoiced at the decision. 3.Abolitionist denounced the verdict and even went as far as discrediting the legitimacy of the Supreme Court itself. 4.Some Northerners feared that the spread of slavery would not stop with the federal territories. 5.Roger B. Taney pointed out the Fifth Amendment said no one could ‘be deprived of life, liberty, or property with due process of law. 1.On October 16, 1859, abolitionist John Brown and 21 men took over the arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in hopes of starting a slave rebellion. Colonel Robert E. Lee ordered a squad of marines to storm Harpers Ferry killing two men and capturing the rest. Brown was convicted of treason and hanged. 2.Most northerners mourned John Brown’s death, but some abolitionist criticized his extreme actions. 3.Many Southerners felt threatened and began talking about leaving the Union.

3 1. The Fugitive Slave Act made it a crime to help runaway slaves and allowed officials to arrest those slaves in free areas. 2. Northerners were uncomfortable with the commissioners’ powers. 3. Northerners disliked the idea of a trial without a Jury. 4. Northerners disapproved of commissioners’ higher fees for returning slaves.

4 1. Most northerners were horrified that some free African Americans had been capture and sent to the South. 2. Many Northern states enacted laws that nullified its effect, making it worthless. 3. The refusal of northern states to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act was alleged by South Carolina as one reason for its secession from the Union. 4. When Anthony Burns, a fugitive slave was arrested, some abolitionist tried to use force to rescue him. The event persuaded many to join the abolitionist cause.

5  Dred Scott an enslaved man sued for his freedom after his slaveholder died. The Supreme Court ruled that African Americans whether free or slaves were not considered citizens of the U.S., and therefore had no right to sue in Federal Court.  Most white Southerners cheered and rejoiced at the decision.  Abolitionist denounced the verdict and even went as far as discrediting the legitimacy of the Supreme Court itself.  Some Northerners feared that the spread of slavery would not stop with the federal territories.  Roger B. Taney pointed out the Fifth Amendment said no one could ‘be deprived of life, liberty, or property with due process of law.

6  On October 16, 1859, abolitionist John Brown and 21 men took over the arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in hopes of starting a slave rebellion. Colonel Robert E. Lee ordered a squad of marines to storm Harpers Ferry killing two men and capturing the rest. Brown was convicted of treason and hanged.  Most northerners mourned John Brown’s death, but some abolitionist criticized his extreme actions.  Many Southerners felt threatened and began talking about leaving the Union.

7 The Election of 1860 Candidates Electoral VotePopular Vote% of Pop. Vote Lincoln (Republican) 1801,865, Douglas (Democrat) 121,382, Breckinridge (Democrat) 72848, Bell (Democrat) 39592,

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11  To prohibit slavery in all parts of the Mexican Cession

12  States or territories would decide whether to permit slavery

13  For fear that slave labor would have taken white workers’ jobs

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15  Proposing that California enter the Union as a free state

16  Gave commissioners too much power and should have allowed slaves the right to jury trials

17  It persuaded many to join the abolitionist cause

18  Exposed the harsh reality of slave life

19  Promised to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act

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21 A. Northwestern B. Southeastern

22  His strict enforcement of fugitive slave laws would cost votes.

23  Return of slavery issue between the North and South

24  Kansas collapsed into civil war and many citizens were killed

25  The Republican Party formed

26  Spread of slavery in the west

27  The Missouri Compromise’s restriction on slavery was unconstitutional

28  Federal territories could not rule against slavery

29  Spread slavery in the West

30  The decision to practice slavery in the territories belonged to the people

31  He did not have enough supporters for his cause  About 20 men

32  The safety of the South was in jeopardy, and another attack from the North might occur.

33  It showed that the South was losing its political power in the nation.

34 22. The Election of 1860 (Map Page 495) Candidates Electoral VotePopular Vote% of Pop. Vote Lincoln (Republican) 1801,865, Douglas (Democrat) 121,382, Breckinridge (Democrat) 72848, Bell (Democrat) 39592,

35 A. Lincoln B. Lincoln C. Lincoln D. Lincoln

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37  The southern economy and way of life would be destroyed.

38  Newly elected President Lincoln affirmed that citizens have the right to overthrow the government.

39  Not start a war with the southern states

40  Senator Calhoun, a southerner, strongly opposed the Compromise of 1850 because it would upset the nation’s balance of slave and free states. He argued that the South should be allowed to separate peacefully from the Union.  Senator Webster, a northerner, supported the Compromise of 1850 because it would preserve the Union. Webster criticized Calhoun and others who talked of secession.

41  The Republican Party

42  In the election of 1860, the Democrats could not agree upon a single candidate, so the party divided into Southern and Northern Democrats. This act split the Democratic vote between two candidates. The Republicans united to support Lincoln and he won both the popular vote and the electoral college vote.

43  Secession is the act of formally withdrawing from the Union.

44  The Freeport Doctrine was the idea that political power belongs to the people.

45  Douglas was a U.S. senator from Illinois who proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

46  The Wilmot Proviso was a document that stated that slavery could not exist in any part of the Mexican Cession.

47  Davis was a Mississippi native elected President of the Confederacy.

48  The Fugitive Slave Act was a law that made it a crime to assist runaway slaves.

49  John Brown’s raid was a rebellion staged by a group of abolitionist at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

50  The Free-Soil Party was a political group formed by antislavery northerners who supported the Wilmot Proviso.

51  Franklin Pierce was a Democratic candidate in the election of 1852 who promised to honor the Compromise of 1850.

52  The Pottawatomie Massacre was a violent response by abolitionists to the Sack of Lawrence.


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