3What Is Mass? Mass is the total amount of matter in an object Measured in grams or kilogramsMass can be found from weight using W=mg
4What Is Volume?Volume is the total amount of space an object occupies.Measured in m3 or cm3
5What Is Density?Density is the total mass contained within a certain volumeDensity is an intrinsic property. It is a property of a substance rather than a property of the amount of a substance. It always stays the same – no matter how much you have!SubstanceDensity (g/cm3)HeliumAir0.0012Propane0.0018Olive Oil0.92Water1.00Honey1.36Steel8Lead11.3Osmium22.6
6If steel sinks, why do ships float? The air inside the hull counts as part of the ship’s volume.The ship is made of heavy steel, but the ship’s overall density is less than water’s density. So- it floats!!
7How do hot air balloons fly? Hot air is less dense than cold air.The overall density of the balloon and hot air is about the same as cold air.
8What makes a submarine sink and surface? A submarine has ballast tanks that can be filled with air or water.In order to surface, pressurized air pushes water out of the ballast tanks- making it less dense than seawater.
9What do we need to calculate density of fluids? Remember the units:kg/m3g/cm3