The matrix structure The matrix structure combines different structural dimensions simultaneously, for example product divisions and geographical territories or product divisions and functional specialisms.
Matrix structures (1) Figure 13.4 Two examples of matrix structures
Matrix structures (2) Figure 13.4 Two examples of matrix structures (Continued)
Matrix structures Advantages Integrated knowledge. Flexible. Allows for dual dimensions. Disadvantages Length of time to take decisions. Unclear job and task responsibilities. Unclear cost and profit responsibilities. High degrees of conflict.
The Boundaryless Organization o An organization that seeks to eliminate the chain of command, have limitless spans of control, and replace departments with empowered teams. Ex. «Indiana Heart Hospital in Indianapolis, 650 networked computers allow employees to share patient information. The information is entered in the computer when patients check in and digitally recorded on wristbands they wear during their stay. Digital records have eliminated nurses’ stations, chart racks, and the medical-records department. Now, Doctors use wireless laptop computers to check patient records anywhere, working from his home.
Transnational structures The transnational structure combines local responsiveness with high global coordination. Key Advantages include: Knowledge-sharing. Specialisation. Network management.
Project-based structures A project-based structure is one where teams are created, undertake the work (e.g. internal or external contracts) and are then dissolved.