2What is work? Work is done when a force causes an object to move. Two conditions must be met in order for work to be done.Applied force makes object moveMovement in direction of applied force
3What is work? The man is lifting the box in the “up” direction. The force is moving in the “up” direction.Work is being done!
4What is work?The box is being pushed on the left side in the right direction.The box moves to the right.Force is in the direction of motion, so work is being done.
5Work and energyWork and energy are related because work involves a transfer of energy.Example: Walking up stairs carrying a heavy box requires a transfer of energy.Energy is the ability to do work.Law of Conservation of EnergyWork done on an object increases the object’s energy.
6Work and energyThe people carrying the box up the stairs transfer chemical energy from their muscles to the box.They worked to move the box.
7Calculating work Work is the force applied over a certain distance. W = FdWork = force X distanceUnits: Work = joules, force = Newtons, distance = meters
8Calculating work example: page 128 You push a refrigerator with a force of 100 N. If you move the refrigerator a distance of 5 m, how much work do you do?F = 100 N d = 5 mW = Fd = (100 N) (5 m)W = 500 J
9Work practice: Page 1281) A force of 75 N is exerted on a 45-kg couch, and the couch is moved 5 m. How much work is done in moving the couch?F = 75 N d = 5 mW = Fd = (75 N) (5 m)W = 357 J
10Work Practice: Page 1282) A lawn mower is pushed with a force of 80 N. If 12,000 J of work are done in mowing a lawn, what is the total distance the lawn mower was pushed?F = 80 N W = 12,000 JD = W (This is the derived equation.)FD = 12,000 J80 ND = 150 m
11Work practice: page 1283) The brakes on a car do 240,000 J of work in stopping the car. If the car travels a distance of 50 m while the brakes are being applied, what is the total force the brakes exert on the car?F = W (This is the derived equation.)dF = 240,000 J50 mF = 4,800 N
12When is work done?Work is only being done when a force is being applied to an object.If the force is removed, the object may continue to move, but no work is being done.
13When is work done?When the pitcher releases the ball, no more work is being done.Force is no longer being applied to the ball.
14power Power is the rate at which work is done. Power is measured in Watts, work in Joules, and time in seconds.P = WtPower = work ÷ time
15powerSince energy is transferred as the runner moves up the stairs, work is done.The time necessary to do the work is recorded, so power can be calculated.
16Calculating Power Example: page 130 You do 900 J of work in pushing a sofa. If it took 5 s to move the sofa, what was your power?W = 900 J t = 5 sP = WtP = 900 J5 sP = 180 W
17Power practice problems: Page 130 1) To lift a baby from a crib 50 J of work are done. How much power is needed if the baby is lifted in 0.5 s?W = 50 J t = 0.5 sP = WtP = 50 J0.5 sP = 100 W
18Power practice problems: Page 130 2) If a runner’s power is 130 W, how much work is done by the runner in 10 minutes?P = 130 W t = 10 minutesConvert 10 minutes to seconds.10 min X 60 s = 600 s1 minW = Pt = (130 W) (600 s)W = 78,000 JTHIS WAS A DERIVED EQUATION. ADD IT TO YOUR CONVERSION CARD.
19Power practice problems: Page 130 3) The power produced by an electric motor is 500 W. How long will it take the motor to do 10,000 J of work?P = 500 W W = 10,000 JT = W THIS IS A DERIVED EQUATION.PT = 10,000 J500 WT = 20 s
20Power and energyEnergy can be substituted for work in power problems, as work and energy are the same thing.Power = energy ÷ timeP = EtEnergy problems will be worked the same way as power problems.
21Homework assignment Pages 835 – 836 # 51 – 52, 54 – 56, 61 If you need help, me, please! I miss you. - Ms. P