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Warm Up: Find 2 examples of each of the 5 themes of AP World History in chapters 1-14 of your textbooks. Write these in your own words so you can explain.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up: Find 2 examples of each of the 5 themes of AP World History in chapters 1-14 of your textbooks. Write these in your own words so you can explain."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up: Find 2 examples of each of the 5 themes of AP World History in chapters 1-14 of your textbooks. Write these in your own words so you can explain them to your classmates The Five Themes of AP World History: Theme 1 – Interaction between humans and the environment Theme 2 – Development and interaction of cultures Theme 3 – State-building, expansion and conflict Theme 4 – Creation, expansion and interactions of economic systems Theme 5 – Development and transformation of social structures

2 Work with a partner and compare your examples (5minutes)

3 Chapter 15 The Maritime Revolution, to 1550

4 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 A.The Pacific Ocean 1.Polynesian Sailors Sailed across the Pacific and spread Polynesian culture -Fiji, Tahiti, Hawaii, New Zealand, Easter Island Made journeys of over 2,000 nautical miles

5 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 2. Polynesian Technology Outrigger canoes -Combination of oars and sails -Fast -Stable in rough waters Lacked navigational equipment written language

6 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 3. Polynesian Motives Expand political power Relive population pressure due to limited resources

7 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 B. The Indian Ocean 1. Chinese Exploration Ming traders wanted to establish direct contact with people around Indian Ocean Motives -Increase trade -Project power -Curiosity Sent out 7 imperial fleets between 1405-1433

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9 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 2. Chinese Maritime Technology Imperial fleets led by Admiral Zheng He Fleet consisted of 62 “treasure ships” -300 ft long by 150 ft wide -Nine mast, twelve sails -Capacity of 3,000 tons Hundreds of smaller ships 27,000 people including infantry and Calvary

10 Treasure Ship

11 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 3. Impacts of Chinese Explorations Stimulated trade between China and Indian Ocean peoples Ming officials opposed high cost of voyages, as well as increased contact with “barbarians” China’s withdrawal left a power vacuum in the Indian Ocean

12 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 C. The Atlantic Ocean 1.The Vikings Permanently settled islands of the North Atlantic -Iceland and Greenland Leif Ericsson established a small & short lived Viking settlement in Newfoundland, called Vinland in 1000 -Abandoned in 1200

13 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 2. Viking technology Longships -Combination of oars and sails -Capable of sailing on open seas and rivers -fast No compass, were able to use stars to plot their course “sunstones”

14 I. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 3. Viking Motives Limited resources Population pressure Expansion of political power

15 Voyages of the Vikings

16 Compare The maritime expansion before 1450 of 2 of the following groups: Polynesians Chinese Vikings

17 Work with a partner to develop a thesis to answer the prompt: Compare the maritime expansion before 1450 of 2 of the following groups: Polynesians Chinese Vikings Warm Up: Remember: The thesis must directly address the question, a simple restatement will NOT suffice

18 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 A.Motives 1.Four Trends Revival of urban life and trade European “alliance” between merchants and rulers Islamic domination of the Mediterranean Curiosity about the outside world

19 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 2. Iberian Kingdoms Spain and Portugal Centuries of warfare with Muslim kingdoms -“Reconquesta” Spain unified in 1462 Last Muslim kingdom of Grenada conquered in 1492

20 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 B. Portuguese Voyages 1.Anti-Muslim warfare Portugal attacked Muslim Morocco in 1415 -Religious crusade, plundering expedition, military tournament Portuguese became aware of African gold and slave trade Sought direct contact with African gold producers

21 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 2. Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) Promoted exploration Founded a school to study navigation -Collection of geographic information Improved navigational equipment -Magnetic compass -Astrolabe Improved ship design -caravel

22 Caravel Small in size -Able to enter shallow coastal water -Explore upriver Triangular lateen sail -Could sail upwind -Maneuverable -Fast Cannons

23 Warm Up: Use your textbook (pg 419-422) to answer the following questions: 1.Where did Portuguese sailors explore? 2.What contributions to the Maritime revolution did Portuguese explorers make? 3.How did the Portuguese pay for these voyages?

24 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 C. Spanish Voyages 1.Christopher Columbus Italian mariner Goal was to find a shorter route to Asia -sail west to avoid long southern route around Africa Portuguese rejected plan King Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain agreed to finance the journey in 1492 Landed in the Caribbean in 1492 Believed he was in East Indies

25 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 2. Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Spain and Portugal disputed claims to the “New World” The Pope divided unclaimed land between them

26 Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 Who was consulted? Who was not consulted? Who might resent this treaty?

27 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 3. Ferdinand Magellan Led first successful expedition around the globe (1519-1524) -died during the journey in the Philippines

28 II. European Expansion 1400-1500 4. Effects of Exploration Basis for large colonial empires in the Americas Growth of new trade network Columbian Exchange- exchange of plants, animals, ideas and diseases between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

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30 Count of by 3’s

31 Use your textbooks (pgs 425-431) to describe European encounters with: 1.Western Africa, 2.Eastern Africa 3.the Indian Ocean States Find at least one example of three of the Five themes of AP World History The Five Themes of AP World History: Theme 1 – Interaction between humans and the environment Theme 2 – Development and interaction of cultures Theme 3 – State-building, expansion and conflict Theme 4 – Creation, expansion and interactions of economic systems Theme 5 – Development and transformation of social structures

32 Warm Up: Describe the relationship between the Portuguese and the people of Africa and India?

33 Read Kongo’s Christian King pages 428-429 Answer Questions 1-4

34 Read “Columbus”

35 III. Encounters with Europe A. The Americas 1.Spanish Advantages Guns Germs -European viruses killed large numbers of native Americans -Weakening their ability to resist Steel

36 II. Encounters with Europe 2.Conquistadors After Columbus, the Spanish wanted to continue their exploration of the new world Goals of “gold, god and conquest” Expeditions included explorers, soldiers, and priests

37 II. Encounters with Europe 3. Hernan Cortes Landed in Mexico with 600 soldiers The Aztec emperor, Montezuma II initially welcomed the Cortes -who they believed was a God Cortes and his men were able to conquer the Aztec Empire

38 II. Encounters with Europe 4. Francisco Pizarro 180 men, 37 horses and 2 cannon Pizarro and men were able to conquer the Incan Empire

39 II. Encounters with Europe 5. Results of Spanish Conquest Spain established massive empires in the Americas Huge amounts of gold and silver flow from the Americas to Europe Indigenous cultures in the Americas declined Native American deaths as a result of disease, fighting and enslavement

40 Read “Bartolome De Las Casas”

41 Conquistador DBQ


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