Presentation on theme: "THE GOAL AND FUNCTION OF THE STATE. Goal and Function GOALFUNCTION Targets will be reached, determined.Real and dynamic, in action The idealistic condition."— Presentation transcript:
Goal and Function GOALFUNCTION Targets will be reached, determined.Real and dynamic, in action The idealistic condition that will be manifested Operationalization, how to manifest idealistic condition StaticReal and dynamic AbstractConcret
The Goal of the state Historical Approach Theoretical Approach Ideological Approach
Historical Approach Before XV Century: Idealistic, Spiritual, State itself. XV – XVIII Century: Maintain Peace and Order. XIX and After: Welfare State.
Aristotle – For the good and happy life of the citizen. To achieve the perfectness of human. Epicurus – Maintain order and security. Thomas Aquinas – Nobility of life and after life. Theoretical Approached
Shang Yang Make the state strong and powerfull. “A weak people means a strong state and a strong means a weak people therefore a country, which has the right way, it concerned with weakening the people”. Machiavelli Powerfull state and force the power for the shake of public prosperity.
Dante Alleghiere The world imperium to keep peace and happiness. Immanuel Kant Make and enforce the law to protect citizens. Theoretical Approached
James Wilford Garner – Original/Primary: peace, order, secure, and justice – Secondary: Welfare – Civilization: promote civilization Charles E. Merriam – External Security – Internal Order – Justice – Welfare
Ideological Approach Fascist State For the glory of the state. Socialism Greatest and equal welfare. Liberal – Capitalism Maintain individual liberty.
CLASSIFICATION GOAL (TARGETS AND SUBSTANCE) POWERIDEAL STATE IT SELF-Shang Yang -Fascist state -Machiavelli -Dante Alleghiere STATE AS INSTRUMENT- Epicurus-Aristotle -Thomas Aquinas -Immanuel Kant -J.W. Garner -C.E. Merriam -Socialism -Liberalism
The Function of the state Anarchism Less state, just to keep secure. Individualism – Liberal Night watcher, not intervention, keep save and order. Socialism Broader state function for public welfare.
Liberalism To protect individual rights, for the greatest happines of the greatest number. Communism Instrument of class struggle Sindicalism (Guild Socialism) Limited state, give power to the trade/labor union. Fascism Unlimited state The Function of the state
Leslie Lipson The Goal and Function of the state ProtectionOrderJustice ForcePowerAuthority
THE FUNCTION CLASSIFICATION INDIVIDUALISMCOLLECTIVISM - Anarchism- Socialism - Individualism Liberal- Communism - Fascism - Sindicalism
Internal Function John Lock: legislative, executive, and federative. Montesquieu: legislative, executive, judicature. Van Vollenhoven: Regeling (regulate), Bestuur (govern), Rechtspraak (court), Politie (order and secure).