Presentation on theme: "Rabia al- Adawiyya 8 th Century Islamic mystic Powerpoint prepared by Ms T. Coyle."— Presentation transcript:
Rabia al- Adawiyya 8 th Century Islamic mystic Powerpoint prepared by Ms T. Coyle
Rabi'a al-Adawiyya is a major saint of Islam and was one of the central figures of the Sufi tradition. She was born around 717 A.D. in what is now Iraq, near the city of Basra. She is the most famous woman saint of classical Islam. Old houses from Basra
The founder of Islam, Muhammad, was born in the Middle East, in Arabia in the 6 th Century. Rabia al-Adawiyya was born in the Middle East, in Iraq, in the 8 th Century.
Sufis are sometimes called the Masters of Love because the Sufi path strives for the ultimate experience of God. It is a path of total love and involves completely overcoming the ego and the deepest love of God and others. The experience of Gods Divine Love results in a state of ecstasy and devotion. The fire of Gods love overcomes the ego and the person is ultimately no longer separate from God. They are transformed by Gods Love.
Poetry has been a revered art in every world culture, but this is particularly so throughout the Islamic world. This is partly due to the traditional Islamic restrictions on art. Portrayal of people and things was largely forbidden. So the visual arts tended to focus on rich, elaborate patterns and calligraphy. Much of the Islamic artistic genius emphasized the power of words and poetry, over the visual image.
Some spiritual poetry composed by Rabia…….
Brothers, my peace is in my aloneness Brothers, my peace is in my aloneness. My Beloved is alone with me there, always. I have found nothing in all the worlds That could match His love, This love that harrows the sands of my desert. If I come to die of desire And my Beloved is still not satisfied, I would live in eternal despair. To abandon all that He has fashioned And hold in the palm of my hand Certain proof that He loves me--- That is the name and the goal of my search. Rabia al-Adawiyya
My joy My joy – My Hunger – My Shelter – My Friend – My Food for the journey – My journey's End – You are my breath, My hope, My companion, My craving, My abundant wealth. Without You -- my Life, my Love -- I would never have wandered across these endless countries. You have poured out so much grace for me, Done me so many favors, given me so many gifts -- I look everywhere for Your love -- Then suddenly I am filled with it. O Captain of my Heart Radiant Eye of Yearning in my breast, I will never be free from You As long as I live. Be satisfied with me, Love, And I am satisfied. Rabia al-Adawiyya
O my Lord, the stars glitter O my Lord, the stars glitter and the eyes of men are closed. Kings have locked their doors and each lover is alone with his love. Here, I am alone with you. Rabia al-Adawiyya
THE HOLY WATER No one lives outside the walls of this sacred place, existence. The holy water, I need it upon my eyes: it is you, dear, you – each form….. …….. Rabia
The poetic tradition within Islam is still very much alive today and Rabias poetry is still inspiring. Islamic poetry has given us an amazing bounty of sacred and mystical poetry from the Sufi and Muslim traditions.
Rabias poetry reveals her relationship with God. This inspires and teaches others. The sole object of Rabi`a's life was bound up in her yearning and passionate love (shawq) for her Beloved. This is revealed in her poetry as well as her life story. She demonstrated, like many other saints and mystics that to become closer to God means letting go of self-love ……. and loving God more and more. Ultimately this can result in the destruction of the separate self (nafs).
Rabia also taught that the spiritual path ultimately requires the surrender to Allah in every moment. Rabia revealed her experience and her desire – where the goal is perfect Union with God. This is state where there is no Lord and slave, no Creator and created being, only He in Himself. That is, the person and God are one. Mystics like Rabia strive to get closer and closer to God in every moment.
In a state of complete surrender and union with God, she demonstrated that life was lived to its ultimate levels when there was no separateness from God.