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15 The Policy-Making Process
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.15 - 2 Public Policy Two steps to creation: 1.Agenda Setting 2.What to do about the problem Government Scope truisms: 1.Government always gets larger 2.Government may be enlarged w/o public demand, even when conditions improving a.Groups may motivate change (corporations, urban poor) b.Institutions may motivate change (Courts, bureaucracy, Senate, national media) c.Agenda setters: rank the following- a.The President of General Motors b.The President of CBS c.A US Senator d.A homeless person e.An average blue-collar worker f.A member of the House of Representatives g.A millionaire h.A federal district judge i.A white parent who resents having a child bused j.Ralph Nader k.An aide to a US Senator l.An editor of The New York Times
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.15 - 3 Figure 15.1: A Way of Classifying and Explaining the Politics of Different Policy Issues
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.15 - 4 Ralph Nader- Policy Entrepreneur Distributed Benefits from Concentrated Costs Accused GM in 60s of selling vehicles that were “unsafe at any speed” GM has him investigated; Nader sues and wins millions. Uses cash to create: 1.The Center for the Study of Responsive Law 2. a Health Research Group 3. the Tax Reform Research Group 4. Public Interest Research Groups (PIRGs) Nader feels (1973) that “new styles of violence” were being directed at Americans; existing law provided few remedies Examples: environmental pollution, dangerous cars. Drew ire of laissez- faire proponents Lewis F. Powell, Jr. (later S. Ct. justice) and Reagan 1996, 2000: Green Party Presidential Nominee; 2004: Independent Candidate
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.15 - 5 Regulatory Effectiveness and Deregulation Michael Parenti’s Democracy for the Few: Regulatory Ineffectiveness and Poor Deregulation policies. 6 th Edition, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995 1.Office of Surface Mining: ½ mine owners fined for polluting; $200 million in fines uncollected-275 2.Understaffing: 25 hazardous waste inspectors nationwide-276 3.Reformers run into opposition from corporate America, court/representative access lost-279 4.Bureoucrats equivocate instead of challenging industry; become beholden to them- 280 5.Career admins eventually leave gov’t service to accept higher-paying jobs in regulated cos. Promise of a lucrative post very enticing-280 6.Independent reg. Commissions often grant monopolies to their regulated, costing taxpayers billions annually. FCC (phone, tv) and FDA (food, drugs) controlled-281 7.Deregulation doesn’t help; simply removes competition (the public); industry unfettered-286 8.Business not committed to “free market.” Profit-enhancing regs celebrated; only those that hurt profits bring cries for deregulation-287 9.Enforcement efforts most vigorously pursued against weakest small businesses-287
Chapter 15 The Policy-Making Process. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.17 | 2 Setting the Agenda The political agenda: deciding.
Policy-Making Processes Chapter 17. Pop Quiz 17 For each example, label as either majoritarian, interest group, client or entrepreneurial politics: 1.
Public Policy. - Government’s plan to solve a common behavior.
Chapter 15 The Policy Making Process. Policy Making involves two stages Agenda setting Decision making.
1 Chapter Seventeen The Policy-Making Process. 2 Setting the Agenda The political agenda: deciding what to make policy about The current political agenda.
Regulatory Agencies. Students Will: Be able to identify and describe regulatory agencies in order to analyze the effects they have on the safety of the.
Political Agenda Policy Chapter 15. Setting the Political Agenda - What gets into the political realm to later become a policy? A. What belongs on the.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.10 | 1 Presidential v. Congressional Campaigns There is more voter participation in presidential.
Government functions in the Economy Stabilize the economy Provide Public Goods Regulation of Business, Labor, Agriculture Redistribute Income…Entitlements.
Market Failures and Role of Government. Inadequate Competition Mergers have resulted in fewer and larger firms. This can be good but can also decrease.
The Progressive Presidents. Between 1901 and 1919, three Presidents began a series of Progressive reforms. Teddy Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow.
TYPES OF COMPETITION Perfect Competition – a large number of companies all producing essentially the same product. No company has any control over price.
What kind of negative impact did Industrialization have on workers, farmers, cities, women, children, etc?
COMPETITION & REGULATORY AGENCIES Types of Competition Mergers Government Regulation Anti-Trust Legislation Federal Regulatory Agencies.
Chapter 7 Executive Branch-Purpose?. President of the United States Qualifications: 35 years old Native Born American Citizen (not defined) Resident.
Progressive Legislation Chapter 18 section 2. Expanded Role of Government Opposed gov’t control of business except companies who supplied essentials Opposed.
The Politics of Public Policy. Setting the Political Agenda Most important is determining what belongs on the political agenda. At any given time certain.
Peace & Freedom Party Michael Segovia Jeff Calvao Max Nagelmann Chris Hamburger.
Chapter Ten Elections and Campaigns. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.10 | 2 Presidential v. Congressional Campaigns There is.
Business and Society POST, LAWRENCE, WEBER Antitrust, Mergers, and Global Competition Chapter 9.
24.2 Government in the Reform Age. Government and Big Business By the late 1800s many railroad companies, oil companies, and other businesses that operated.
Chapter Eight Bureaucracy, Public Policies, and Finance.
Chapter 13 THEBUREAUCRACY. Learning Outcomes 13.1 Define the concept of bureaucracy, explain the role of organizations on the administration of the nation’s.
The Federal Bureaucracy The Executive Office of the President, Executive departments, and Agencies.
Back to Table of Contents pp Chapter 4 Business Ethics and Social Responsibility.
Chapter 3- American Free Enterprise In this lesson, students will identify characteristics of the U.S.A.’s Free Enterprise System. Students will be able.
Foundations of United States Citizenship Lesson 2, Chapter 61 Civics.
Chapter Thirteen The Bureaucracy. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved The large American bureaucracy is most conducive to.
Chapter Nine Nominations, Elections, and Campaigns.
To provide Public goods and services: National Defense Police and fire protection Courts and correctional institutions. Public Parks Streets,
Reaction and Reform: New Economic Theories World History - Libertyville HS.
The Bureaucracy/Courts 10/10/2011. Clearly Communicated Learning Objectives in Written Form Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
Economics Chapter 17. Decisions, decisions,… Needs vs. Wants –Where does car fall? Needs: basics of life Food & water Shelter clothing Wants: things to.
Chapter 19 Section 2 The Progressive Presidents Objectives Describe how Theodore Roosevelt tried to limit the power of business. Summarize the main points.
Policy-Making Processes Chapter 17. Chapter 17 Quiz For each of the types of politics on the grid, do each of the following: 1. Clearly label the type.
The Modern Bureaucracy How is the national government different than private business? How is the bureaucracy organized? What are important laws that have.
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Executive Cabinet. Cabinet – group of advisors to the President that includes all of the heads of the 15 top-level executive departments First Lady.
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Chapter 13 THE BUREAUCRACY. Learning Objectives 1) Describe the size & functions of the U.S. bureaucracy. 2) Discuss the structure & basic components.
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WHAT IS PUBLIC POLICY? Social and Economic Policy.
Progressive Presidents Chapter 21 Section 3 Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson
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Taft & Wilson: Progressive Era Although President Roosevelt improved life in America, democracy expanded more during the Taft and Wilson years.
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