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©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers 1865-1877 CREATED EQUAL JONES  WOOD  MAY  BORSTELMANN  RUIZ CHAPTER 15 In the Wake of.

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Presentation on theme: "©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers 1865-1877 CREATED EQUAL JONES  WOOD  MAY  BORSTELMANN  RUIZ CHAPTER 15 In the Wake of."— Presentation transcript:

1 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers CREATED EQUAL JONES  WOOD  MAY  BORSTELMANN  RUIZ CHAPTER 15 In the Wake of War: Consolidating a Triumphant Union

2 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers “The Black Hills belong to me. If the whites try to take them, I will fight.” Sitting Bull

3 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers TIMELINE 1865Freedman’s Bureau Andrew Johnson, President Thirteenth Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment passed Sherman promises 40 acres and a mule 1866 Ku Klux Klan formed The Mineral Act The Southern Homestead Act The Equal Rights Association The National Labor Union founded 1867Reconstruction Act passed by Congress

4 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers TIMELINE 1868Ulysses S. Grant elected President Custer’s massacre at Washita River Burlingame Treaty 1869 Fifteenth Amendment passed 1871Ku Klux Klan Act passed by Congress Whitman’s “Democratic Vistas” 1872The Apex Mining Act Yellowstone Park created

5 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers TIMELINE 1873 The Timbur Culture Act Nationwide Depression 1875Civil Rights Act 1876Presidential Election (Tilden-Hayes) 1877Desert Land Act 1878Greenback Labor Party formed

6 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers IN THE WAKE OF WAR Overview HThe Struggle over the South HClaiming Territory for the Union HThe Republican Vision and Its Limits

7 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers THE STRUGGLE OVER THE SOUTH HWartime Preludes to Postwar Policies HPresidential Reconstruction, 1865–1867 HThe Southern Postwar Labor Problem HBuilding Free Communities HLandscapes and Soundscapes of Freedom HCongressional, or “Radical,” Reconstruction HThe Remarkable Career of Blanche K. Bruce

8 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Wartime Preludes to Postwar Policies HRehearsals for Restoration HThe Sea Islands of Port Royal Sound, South Carolina HNew Orleans, southern Louisiana HPledges and Oaths HThe Ten Percent Plan: New government for states for 10% pledge of allegiance HThe Wade-Davis Bill: Required majority to take loyalty vote HThe Freedmen’s Bureau

9 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Presidential Reconstruction, 1865–1867 HAndrew Johnson’s proclamations HReport on the Condition of the South HBlack codes HState laws with vague provisions used to imprison blacks or enforce labor

10 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Presidential Reconstruction HThe Thirteenth Amendment HThe Fourteenth Amendment HCarpetbaggers and scalawags HKu Klux Klan HNovember, 1866: Republicans gain majority in both houses

11 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Southern Postwar Labor Problem HThe Freedman’s Bureau HLiaison between freed people and southern whites HFree labor system with annual contracts HGeneral Sherman’s Field Order Number 15 HForty acres and a mule HSharecroppers

12 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Building Free Communities HThe new order HPublic accommodation laws HBlack conventions HThe ability to vote, own land, and educate children HSelf-help organizations and black churches HValued family ties

13 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Radical Reconstruction

14 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Landscapes and Soundscapes of Freedom HThe new black communities HTheir own churches, black soldiers, fashionably dressed black women HSounds of black celebrations, “Day of Jubilee” HReaction of some whites to silence the new communities HSavannah, GA: closed parks HEmerging Ku Klux Klan

15 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Congressional Reconstruction: The Radicals’ Plan HReconstruction Act of 1867, Tenure of Office Act, Command of the Army Act HDenied vote to thousands of former confederates HConfederate states must ratify 14th amendment to be in Union HGuaranteed black men the vote

16 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Congressional Reconstruction: The Radicals’ Plan HUnion Leagues and black elected officials HJohnson impeachment: 1868 HGrant elected in November, 1868 HThe Fifteenth Amendment

17 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Radical Reconstruction

18 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Remarkable Career of Blanche K. Bruce HBorn in 1841, as a slave taught himself to read, escaped slavery, established first school for blacks, went to college (although unable to afford to continue), voter registrar to U.S. Senator, and wealthy landowner.

19 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers CLAIMING TERRITORY FOR THE UNION HFederal Military Campaigns Against Western Indians HThe Postwar Western Labor Problem HLand Use in an Expanding Nation HBuying Territory for the Union

20 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Federal Military Campaigns Against Western Indians H1871: Federal government seeks to subdue Native Americans HRailroad expansion HThe Native American struggle HGeronimo HCuster’s massacre at Washita river HRed Cloud’s peace delegations HSitting Bull: “The Black Hills belong to me.” HThe Little Big Horn

21 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Plains Indian Wars, 1865–1900

22 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Postwar Western Labor Problem H1865: Central Pacific goes east HCentral Pacific imports Chinese laborers H1867: 5000 Chinese laborers strike H1870: 40,000 Chinese in California and less 70,000 Indians HAgribusiness’ growth in the West

23 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Land Use in an Expanding Nation HThe Santa Fe Ring HRailroads, minerals, and cattle HThe Apex Mining Act of 1872 HThe National Parks system HJohn Muir and Jay Cooke

24 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Buying Territory for the Union HAmerica expanding HThe Alaska purchase H$7.2 million for 591,004 acres full of fish, timber, minerals, and water power HThe failed annexation of the Dominican Republic

25 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers THE REPUBLICAN VISION AND ITS LIMITS HPostbellum Origins of the Woman Suffrage Movement HWorker’s Organizations HPolitical Corruption and the Demise of Republican Idealism

26 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Postbellum Origins of the Woman Suffrage Movement H1866: Equal Rights Association H1869: National Woman Suffrage Association HStanton, Anthony, Stone, and Truth H1872: Victoria Woodhull forms Equal Rights Party and runs for President

27 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Worker’s Organizations H1867: National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry H1866: National Labor Union H1868: Colored National Labor Union H1869: Knights of Labor H1878: Greenback Labor Party

28 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers Political Corruption and the Decline of Republican Idealism H1870’s: Tweed and Tammany Hall H1872: Crédit Mobilier and Congress H1875: Whiskey Ring H1876: The Hayes-Tilden compromise

29 ©2006 PEARSON EDUCATION, INC. Publishing as Longman Publishers The Compromise of 1877


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