6 Alcohol FactsYoung drinking drivers are involved in fatal crashes at twice the rate of drivers aged 21 and olderDrivers aged 16 through 20 are more likely to be alcohol-impaired than any other groupNearly half of those killed in alcohol related collisions had not been drinking but were victims of drunk driversMore than half of all fatalities during holidays are alcohol related.
7 Alcohol Affects Behavior Just one drink can effect the way a person thinks or behaves
8 Alcohol and Mental Abilities Acts like an anesthetic on the brain, slowing down activity
9 Judgment and Reasoning Driver effected by alcohol has decreased ability to reason and make sound judgmentsEuphoria – a false sense of well being.
12 InhibitionsAlcohol weakens a persons inhibitions, the inner forces of personality that restrain or hold back impulsive behavior.
13 Physical Abilities and Alcohol Muscular movements, reflexes, and balance begins to slow down.
14 Reaction Time and Coordination Reflexes and coordination becomes slow and clumsy
15 Seeing and Speaking Abilities Peripheral vision, night vision, color vision, and depth perception become impaired.Speech may become slurred and fuzzy
16 Other Physical Problems Breathing and heartbeat impairedDeath can occur if large quantities are consumed over a short period of time
17 Blood Alcohol Concentration B.A.C. – the amount of alcohol in the blood stream
18 Amount consumed Amount of time Person’s body weight Factors Affecting BACAmount consumedAmount of timePerson’s body weight
19 Controlling Impairment Alcohol is absorbed quickly and leaves the body slowlyIt takes approximately 1 to 1.5 hour to rid the body of one drinkOnly time can rid the body of BAC
20 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:One little drink wont hurt me.FALSE
21 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:I will not be affected because I am only drinking beerFALSE
22 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:I can drive better after a few drinksFALSE
23 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:A young person cannot become a problem drinkerFALSE
24 Reduce the driving risk by having a designated driver
25 Over The Counter Medicines May have many side effects like;DizzinessDrowsinessSlowed reaction timePoor judgment
26 Prescription Medicine Make sure you heed the warnings on the labels
27 DepressantsA drug that can slow or depress the central nervous system.BarbituratesSleeping pillsTranquilizers
28 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:You can sober up by drinking black coffee, taking a cold shower, or doing exercise.FALSE
29 Stimulants Can speed up or stimulate the central nervous system Energy drinksEphiphadrine
30 HallucinogensMind altering drugs that can alter personality and cause panic or terror.They distort a person’s sense of direction, distance, and time.MarijuanaLSD
31 Combining Drugs Drug-alcohol combinations increase driving risks. Combining drugs has a multiplied effect.
32 21All 50 states require a person to be 21 years of age to purchase or consume alcohol
33 Implied-Consent LawYou automatically give your consent when you sign your license to be tested for drinking or other drugs.
34 Levels of Intoxication DWI – Driving While Intoxicated means having a BAC of .08 or higherDUI – Driving Under the Influence means you can have a lower BAC level but still have it affect your ability to drive.In Illinois we can a BAC of .08 a DUI
35 Penalties for Conviction Suspension or revocation of drivers licensePayment of finePrison term
36 Zero Tolerance LawIt is illegal for a person under the age of 21 to drive with any measurable amount of alcohol in the blood.
37 Chemical TestingIntoxilyzer – breath testing machine most commonly used for measuring BAC levels.
38 Field Sobriety TestOn the spot roadside tests that help an officer detect an impaired driver.Nystagmus – the involuntary jerking of the eyes as a person gazes side to side
39 If You Are Stopped… Stay in your vehicle Follow the officers directionsShow license and insuranceMake no sudden or unexpected movements
40 Influence of others of a similar age Peer PressureInfluence of others of a similar age
41 Positive Peer Pressure When peers what to be helpful and encourage you to do the right thing
42 Negative Peer Pressure When others encourage you to do other things that are wrong or dangerous
43 Making Responsible Decisions Is it safe?Is it legal?What would my parents think?Does it show respect for myself and others?
45 This is JackieJackie with her dadJackie hanging out with her friends
46 The car in which Jacqueline traveled The car in which Jacqueline traveled. She was hit by another car that was driven by a 17-year old male student on his way home after drinking a couple of hard packs with his friends. This was in December 1999.