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CHAPTER 15 EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS Alcohol, Other Drugs, And Driving 15.1 Effects of Alcohol on Driving Safely 15.2 Other Drugs and Driving.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 15 EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS Alcohol, Other Drugs, And Driving 15.1 Effects of Alcohol on Driving Safely 15.2 Other Drugs and Driving."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CHAPTER 15 EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS

3 Alcohol, Other Drugs, And Driving 15.1 Effects of Alcohol on Driving Safely 15.2 Other Drugs and Driving 15.3 Traffic Laws and Governing the Use of Alcohol 15.4 Coping with Peer Pressure

4 CHAPTER 15 EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS

5 Alcohol and Teens

6 Alcohol Facts Young drinking drivers are involved in fatal crashes at twice the rate of drivers aged 21 and older Drivers aged 16 through 20 are more likely to be alcohol- impaired than any other group Nearly half of those killed in alcohol related collisions had not been drinking but were victims of drunk drivers More than half of all fatalities during holidays are alcohol related.

7 Alcohol Affects Behavior Just one drink can effect the way a person thinks or behaves

8 Alcohol and Mental Abilities Acts like an anesthetic on the brain, slowing down activity

9 Judgment and Reasoning Driver effected by alcohol has decreased ability to reason and make sound judgments Euphoria – a false sense of well being.

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11 Vision Alcohol distorts vision effecting driver’s orderly search pattern

12 Inhibitions Alcohol weakens a persons inhibitions, the inner forces of personality that restrain or hold back impulsive behavior.

13 Physical Abilities and Alcohol Muscular movements, reflexes, and balance begins to slow down.

14 Reaction Time and Coordination Reflexes and coordination becomes slow and clumsy

15 Seeing and Speaking Abilities Peripheral vision, night vision, color vision, and depth perception become impaired. Speech may become slurred and fuzzy

16 Other Physical Problems Breathing and heartbeat impaired Death can occur if large quantities are consumed over a short period of time

17 Blood Alcohol Concentration B.A.C. – the amount of alcohol in the blood stream

18 Factors Affecting BAC 1.Amount consumed 2.Amount of time 3.Person’s body weight

19 Controlling Impairment Alcohol is absorbed quickly and leaves the body slowly It takes approximately 1 to 1.5 hour to rid the body of one drink Only time can rid the body of BAC

20 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False: One little drink wont hurt me. FALSE

21 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False: I will not be affected because I am only drinking beer FALSE

22 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False: I can drive better after a few drinks FALSE

23 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False: A young person cannot become a problem drinker FALSE

24 Reduce the driving risk by having a designated driver

25 Over The Counter Medicines May have many side effects like; Dizziness Drowsiness Slowed reaction time Poor judgment

26 Prescription Medicine Make sure you heed the warnings on the labels

27 Depressants A drug that can slow or depress the central nervous system. Barbiturates Sleeping pills Tranquilizers

28 Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False: You can sober up by drinking black coffee, taking a cold shower, or doing exercise. FALSE

29 Stimulants Can speed up or stimulate the central nervous system Energy drinks Ephiphadrine

30 Hallucinogens Mind altering drugs that can alter personality and cause panic or terror. They distort a person’s sense of direction, distance, and time. Marijuana LSD

31 Combining Drugs Drug-alcohol combinations increase driving risks. Combining drugs has a multiplied effect.

32 21 All 50 states require a person to be 21 years of age to purchase or consume alcohol

33 Implied-Consent Law You automatically give your consent when you sign your license to be tested for drinking or other drugs.

34 Levels of Intoxication DWI – Driving While Intoxicated means having a BAC of.08 or higher DUI – Driving Under the Influence means you can have a lower BAC level but still have it affect your ability to drive. In Illinois we can a BAC of.08 a DUI

35 Penalties for Conviction Suspension or revocation of drivers license Payment of fine Prison term

36 Zero Tolerance Law It is illegal for a person under the age of 21 to drive with any measurable amount of alcohol in the blood.

37 Chemical Testing Intoxilyzer – breath testing machine most commonly used for measuring BAC levels.

38 Field Sobriety Test On the spot roadside tests that help an officer detect an impaired driver. Nystagmus – the involuntary jerking of the eyes as a person gazes side to side

39 If You Are Stopped… 1.Stay in your vehicle 2.Follow the officers directions 3.Show license and insurance 4.Make no sudden or unexpected movements

40 Peer Pressure Influence of others of a similar age

41 Positive Peer Pressure When peers what to be helpful and encourage you to do the right thing

42 Negative Peer Pressure When others encourage you to do other things that are wrong or dangerous

43 Making Responsible Decisions 1.Is it safe? 2.Is it legal? 3.What would my parents think? 4.Does it show respect for myself and others?

44 Friends Don’t Let Friends Drive Drunk

45 This is Jackie Jackie with her dad Jackie hanging out with her friends

46 The car in which Jacqueline traveled. She was hit by another car that was driven by a 17-year old male student on his way home after drinking a couple of hard packs with his friends. This was in December 1999.

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