6Alcohol FactsYoung drinking drivers are involved in fatal crashes at twice the rate of drivers aged 21 and olderDrivers aged 16 through 20 are more likely to be alcohol-impaired than any other groupNearly half of those killed in alcohol related collisions had not been drinking but were victims of drunk driversMore than half of all fatalities during holidays are alcohol related.
7Alcohol Affects Behavior Just one drink can effect the way a person thinks or behaves
8Alcohol and Mental Abilities Acts like an anesthetic on the brain, slowing down activity
9Judgment and Reasoning Driver effected by alcohol has decreased ability to reason and make sound judgmentsEuphoria – a false sense of well being.
12InhibitionsAlcohol weakens a persons inhibitions, the inner forces of personality that restrain or hold back impulsive behavior.
13Physical Abilities and Alcohol Muscular movements, reflexes, and balance begins to slow down.
14Reaction Time and Coordination Reflexes and coordination becomes slow and clumsy
15Seeing and Speaking Abilities Peripheral vision, night vision, color vision, and depth perception become impaired.Speech may become slurred and fuzzy
16Other Physical Problems Breathing and heartbeat impairedDeath can occur if large quantities are consumed over a short period of time
17Blood Alcohol Concentration B.A.C. – the amount of alcohol in the blood stream
18Amount consumed Amount of time Person’s body weight Factors Affecting BACAmount consumedAmount of timePerson’s body weight
19Controlling Impairment Alcohol is absorbed quickly and leaves the body slowlyIt takes approximately 1 to 1.5 hour to rid the body of one drinkOnly time can rid the body of BAC
20Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:One little drink wont hurt me.FALSE
21Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:I will not be affected because I am only drinking beerFALSE
22Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:I can drive better after a few drinksFALSE
23Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:A young person cannot become a problem drinkerFALSE
24Reduce the driving risk by having a designated driver
25Over The Counter Medicines May have many side effects like;DizzinessDrowsinessSlowed reaction timePoor judgment
26Prescription Medicine Make sure you heed the warnings on the labels
27DepressantsA drug that can slow or depress the central nervous system.BarbituratesSleeping pillsTranquilizers
28Myths and Truths About Alcohol True or False:You can sober up by drinking black coffee, taking a cold shower, or doing exercise.FALSE
29Stimulants Can speed up or stimulate the central nervous system Energy drinksEphiphadrine
30HallucinogensMind altering drugs that can alter personality and cause panic or terror.They distort a person’s sense of direction, distance, and time.MarijuanaLSD
31Combining Drugs Drug-alcohol combinations increase driving risks. Combining drugs has a multiplied effect.
3221All 50 states require a person to be 21 years of age to purchase or consume alcohol
33Implied-Consent LawYou automatically give your consent when you sign your license to be tested for drinking or other drugs.
34Levels of Intoxication DWI – Driving While Intoxicated means having a BAC of .08 or higherDUI – Driving Under the Influence means you can have a lower BAC level but still have it affect your ability to drive.In Illinois we can a BAC of .08 a DUI
35Penalties for Conviction Suspension or revocation of drivers licensePayment of finePrison term
36Zero Tolerance LawIt is illegal for a person under the age of 21 to drive with any measurable amount of alcohol in the blood.
37Chemical TestingIntoxilyzer – breath testing machine most commonly used for measuring BAC levels.
38Field Sobriety TestOn the spot roadside tests that help an officer detect an impaired driver.Nystagmus – the involuntary jerking of the eyes as a person gazes side to side
39If You Are Stopped… Stay in your vehicle Follow the officers directionsShow license and insuranceMake no sudden or unexpected movements
40Influence of others of a similar age Peer PressureInfluence of others of a similar age
41Positive Peer Pressure When peers what to be helpful and encourage you to do the right thing
42Negative Peer Pressure When others encourage you to do other things that are wrong or dangerous
43Making Responsible Decisions Is it safe?Is it legal?What would my parents think?Does it show respect for myself and others?
45This is JackieJackie with her dadJackie hanging out with her friends
46The car in which Jacqueline traveled The car in which Jacqueline traveled. She was hit by another car that was driven by a 17-year old male student on his way home after drinking a couple of hard packs with his friends. This was in December 1999.