Presentation on theme: "Fat-soluble To form a healthy epithelial tissue › Surface cells that lines the outside of the body, and also covers the eyes. Also lines the passage of."— Presentation transcript:
Fat-soluble To form a healthy epithelial tissue › Surface cells that lines the outside of the body, and also covers the eyes. Also lines the passage of the lungs, intestines, and reproductive organs. o You can find vitamins in dark green and deep orange fruits o Broccoli, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage and cauliflower. o 900 micrograms for males ages 14 and older o 700 micrograms for females over age of 14 o Lack of the vitamin may cause Night Blindness. o It is also crucial for the development bone tissue. o To much vitamin A can cause Vitamin A toxicity o Headaches, bone pain, dry skin, hair loss, vomiting liver damage.
Fat-Soluble Helps regulate the levels of calcium in the bloodstream. You can get this vitamin from sunlight fortified milk. › 5 micrograms per day for all ages through ages 50 o Excessive amounts of Vitamin D can cause to much calcium to absorb in your blood stream. o This causes organs to become unable to form there vital functions. o A deficiency in adults is called osteomalacia o * causes the leg and spine bones to soften and bend o Rickets is a disease in children o Cause bones to soften.
Fat-soluble Helps maintain healthy immune and nervous system Canola oil and salad dressing made with rich sources 15 milligrams per day for females and males over the age of 14 To much Vitamin E can interfere with blood clotting. Deficiencies are not common, but have been found in premature babies. › Erythrocyte hemolysis- breaking in red blood cells
Fat-soluble Main function is to make proteins needed in the coagulation of blood. › Coagulation- the blood clotting o Green leafy veggies and liver o Also a small supply amount of fruits, milk, meat, eggs and grains o 14-18 year old males and female- 75 micrograms, and the amount need for children will grow through out their childhood o Very few deficiencies for vitamin K, but one deficiency can occur among people who take antibiotics. o Excessive amounts of vitamin k can cause toxicity. o Jaundice- yellow coloring in skin o Can also cause brain damage
Water-Soluble Its needed for normal function of the nerves and the muscles they control, and is important for energy metabolism. Found in whole grain breads and cereals › Or pork products, dried beans, nuts, seeds, and liver Beriberi- causes the body to not be able to function everyday tasks for living. Toxicity is very rare 1.2 milligrams for males per day 1.0 milligrams for females per day
Water-Soluble Helps body release energy from crabs, fats and proteins also needed for healthy skin and good eyesight. Deficiencies- Swollen tongue and dry cracked skin. Eye disorder and mental confusion. Excessive Amount of Riboflavin is excreted in your urine. Any dairy products 1.8 milligrams per day for males 1.3 milligrams per day for females
Water-Soluble Helps in energy metabolism, and helps the skin and nervous system stay healthy Tryptophan- an amino acid that is found in many protein foods Too much of Niacin can cause toxicity › Dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin › Niacin flush-nausea, dizziness and low-blow pressure Pellagra- diarrhea, dermatitis, weight loss, weakness, and a poor appetite Males 14-18 milligrams per day Females 14 milligrams per day
Water-Soluble Promotes growth › It is a part of a coenzyme that is critical to the metabolism of the energy nutrients also synthesizes a number of vital substances in the body. o Deficiencies- Pantothenic acid is found in many foods so deficiencies aren’t really a problem. o Toxicity is very rare o Ages 14 and over need 5 milligrams per day
Water-Soluble Helps activate several enzymes involved in the release of energy also allows body to make fats and glycogen Found in egg yolk, yeast, beans, nuts, cheese and liver Toxicity is very rare Deficiencies- Pain, fatigue, hair loss, and dry scaly skin Ages 14-18 need 25 micrograms per day
Water-soluble Synthesizes nonessential amino acids helps make the protein in that helps allow red blood cells to carry oxygen also increases health on immune and nervous system Found in meat, fish and poultry Deficiencies- rare but include skin disorders, fatigue, irritability and convulsions To much of Vitamin B6 can cause toxicity that causes walking difficulties and numbness in the hands and feet Males ages 14-50 need 1.3 milligrams per day Female ages 14-18 need 1.2 milligrams per day
Water –Soluble Makes it possible for cells to divide and make new cells Dark green leafy veggies, liver, legumes, oranges, cantaloupe, and broccoli are good sources to get this vitamin Excesses amount of Folate has symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiencies- Women who don’t meet their folate needs during pregnancy are more likely to have neural tube damage in their babies › Affects brain and spinal cord and can cause mental retardation, paralysis, and premature death Ages 14 and over 400 micrograms Pregnant women need 600 micrograms
Water-Soluble Helps folate function, it is needed in growth, and also needed for the release of energy from fat Meat and other animals foods are good way to get Vitamin B12 Deficiencies- Pernicious anemia’ Red painful tongue and a tingling or burning in the skin › Can eventually lead to walking difficulties, memory loss and mental retardation due to nerve damage. o Males and females ages 14 and over is 2.4 micrograms per day.
Water Soluble Assist in the formation of collagen, increases iron and calcium absorption and also plays a role in synthesizing thyroxin. › Thyroxin the hormone that controls basal metabolic rate Found in many fruits and vegetables Citrus fruits, cantaloupe and strawberries Sweet peppers, broccoli, cabbage and potatoes Deficiencies-scurvy symptoms include tiredness, weakness, shortness of breath, aching bones and muscles, swollen and bleeding gums and lost of appetite