Presentation on theme: "CHCLD514A Analyse impacts of sociological factors on clients in community work and services."— Presentation transcript:
1CHCLD514AAnalyse impacts of sociological factors on clients in community work and services
2What we will do this week 1. Review last week 2 What we will do this week 1. Review last week 2. Presentations on your topic of interest 3. Culture 4. Inequality 5. Project work 6. Assessment & discussion of issues of concern
3Review last week Sociological perspective History Key theories SocialisationThe familyKey influences
4Culture – “is the shared products of human society” (Robertson, 1989, 55) The UN definition of culture is the “set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of a society or a social group ...and that it encompasses ....in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs”
5On a piece of paper make a list of: ACTIVITY 1On a piece of paper make a list of:Family celebrations as a childMemories of foodYour favourite foods nowThe social activities you participated in as a childYour own family “rituals” & where they came fromDiscuss with your partner
7Culture is transmitted from the past to each new generation (trans-generational) – the main way is through the socialisation (the primary influence is the family)- think about the first activity – what has been transmitted through to your own family from your grandparents time?- Culture is transmitted to each generations through norms and values
8ACTIVITY 2 What is Australian culture? In small groups define Australian cultureDoes Australia have it’s own culture? How is it different to the USA, China, Dubai, Aboriginal cultureHow does it influenceLife aspirationsRoles of women/menMarriageWork
9Norms and values Norms and values are the building blocks of culture Norms are the shared rules or guidelines that prescribe the behaviour appropriate in a given situation – eg. Eating with a knife & fork, marrying one person at a time (Robertson, 1989, 62)Values are socially shared ideas about what is good, right & desirable – eg public, free education (Robertson, 1989, 64)
10Norms & values Norms are specific guidelines for different situations Values are abstract, general concepts such as freedom, fairness, democracy etcFor example, if a country values education then it’s norms would support all students being able to go to a school (attendance 5 days a week, wouldn’t exclude particular social or economic groups from going to school etc)
11Norms & values ACTIVITY 3 In pairs write down the following: What are some Australian values?What are the norms that support those?
12InequalityWhy is it important in Community Services Work to understand the causes and impacts of inequality in society?Because we need to understand how are the personal experiences of individuals is explained by the social influences surrounding themAll societies treat their members differently depending on certain characteristics – eg. Age, religion, education, gender etc
13InequalityIs “the unequal sharing of such social rewards such as wealth, power and prestige” (Robertson, 1989, 253)Conflict view – inequality occurs because capitalist society is designed for profit by the few (system based)Functionalist view – is based on the ability & contribution & that it is normal & necessary (system based)Interactionist view – inequality is created by social labelling (people try & minimise anxiety by stereotyping) (Kellehear, 1991, 60-62)
14Key terms relating to inequality Social inequalitySocial stratificationClassPowerStatusSocial mobilityPoverty
15Key terms relating to inequality Social inequalityis the differing access to power and resources of a particular group – they are often labelled as disadvantagedWhat are some groups that are commonly understood in Australia to be disadvantaged?
16Social stratification Is “the structured inequality of entire categories of people who have different access to social rewards as a result of their status in a social hierarchy” (Robertson, 1989, 254)2 forms of stratification systemsClosed (Caste, an ascribed status determined by birth & you can’t change your status)Open system (Class, an achieved status - more flexible & you can move up or down depending often on your income)
17Class Modern Western countries have 3 main classes A small wealthy upper classFairly large middle class – professionals or white collar workersLarge working class – less skilled blue collar workersAgricultural societies have 2 main classesA small & wealthy class of landownersA large and poor class of peasantsACTIVITY 4What are some examples of each ?In pairs – Is Australia an classless society
18Power Weber (German sociologist, 1946) separates class into 3 elements Economic status or wealthPolitical status or powerSocial status or prestigePower is the ability to control the behaviour of others even without their consent
19PowerACTIVITY 5.What are some situations where a Community Services Worker may have power over the people they are working with (with and without their consent?)
20Status A position in society Ascribed status is one you have no control over – age, race, genderPrescribed status is one you have some control over – become a spouse, a member of a different religion or political partyMost societies have inequality among different statuseseg the difference between the status of a supreme court judge & a fruit picker is huge! (Robertson, 1989, 91)
21StatusACTIVITY 6 Make a list of the a range of occupations ranging from highest to lowest status Would these rank similarly in India, East Timor,China or the USA?
22Social mobility Is the movement from one social status to another Exchange mobility – someone in a high status job gets downgraded to a lower status jobStructural mobility – economic recession causes people to lose their jobs or vice versaIntergenerational mobility – where a fruit picker’s son becomes a high court judge(Robertson, 1989,258)- Can you think of some examples?
23PovertyRelative deprivation - The inability to maintain the living standards of societyAbsolute deprivation - The inability to afford minimum standards of shelter, health care, food etc (Robertson, 1989, 276,277)What is the poverty line in Australia?Who are the poor in Australia?
24PovertyUsually minority groups (CALD, indigenous, mental health issues, A&OD, criminals etc)Female headed householdsChildren & young peopleAre there other emerging groups in Australia experiencing poverty?What about older people, self funded retirees, students?