2 The Divide Islam has with in two sects: Sunni and Shi’ah Both believe in the Shahadah - “There is no god but God and Muhammad is the messenger of God.”Sufism can be a part of either sect
3 SunniAfter Muhammad died, majority believed only the Qur’an and sunnah had authority to tell be what to do and believeThey elected a leader (Caliph) to act on behalf of God and his messenger – Abu Bakr was the firstCaliphs enforced Islamic lawsScholars studied the Qur’an, hadith and sunnah to work out the lawsCommunity considered validity of laws, reaching consensus about what God wanted them to doGroup was later called Sunni Muslim, meaning followers of the sunnahRules itself by the Qur’an and sunnah and has no overall leader today
4 Shi’ahThe minority believed that Muhammad named Ali, his cousin and one of the first converts, to be his successorAli also was married to Muhammad’s daughter, FatimahAli and supporters believed true leader chosen by GodGod would give Ali authority to make new laws and give new teachingsThis leader, called Imam, had to be a descendant of Muhammad and would identify successor before death
5 Ali’s claims as chosen leader were ignored by most Muslims The party of Ali became known as Shi’ah MuslimsShi’ahs have their own interpretations of the laws and only accepts those hadith passes through Ali or his supporters.Rejected the first three CaliphsShi’ah still believe they are guided by an Imam, the Hidden ImamGod has keep him hidden and alive for centuriesCommunicates spiritually with religious leaders
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