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Sunni vs. Shiah Muslim Division. The Divide Islam has with in two sects: Sunni and Shiah –Sunni 85% –Shiah 15% Both believe in the Shahadah - There is.

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Presentation on theme: "Sunni vs. Shiah Muslim Division. The Divide Islam has with in two sects: Sunni and Shiah –Sunni 85% –Shiah 15% Both believe in the Shahadah - There is."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sunni vs. Shiah Muslim Division

2 The Divide Islam has with in two sects: Sunni and Shiah –Sunni 85% –Shiah 15% Both believe in the Shahadah - There is no god but God and Muhammad is the messenger of God. Sufism can be a part of either sect

3 Sunni After Muhammad died, majority believed only the Quran and sunnah had authority to tell be what to do and believe They elected a leader (Caliph) to act on behalf of God and his messenger – Abu Bakr was the first Caliphs enforced Islamic laws Scholars studied the Quran, hadith and sunnah to work out the laws Community considered validity of laws, reaching consensus about what God wanted them to do Group was later called Sunni Muslim, meaning followers of the sunnah Rules itself by the Quran and sunnah and has no overall leader today

4 Shiah The minority believed that Muhammad named Ali, his cousin and one of the first converts, to be his successor Ali also was married to Muhammads daughter, Fatimah Ali and supporters believed true leader chosen by God God would give Ali authority to make new laws and give new teachings This leader, called Imam, had to be a descendant of Muhammad and would identify successor before death

5 Alis claims as chosen leader were ignored by most Muslims The party of Ali became known as Shiah Muslims Shiahs have their own interpretations of the laws and only accepts those hadith passes through Ali or his supporters. Rejected the first three Caliphs Shiah still believe they are guided by an Imam, the Hidden Imam God has keep him hidden and alive for centuries Communicates spiritually with religious leaders


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