Presentation on theme: "Agriculture and Rural Land Usage"— Presentation transcript:
1 Agriculture and Rural Land Usage 13-17% of AP testMegan, Hannah, Lauren, Ari
2 Neolithic Revolution Facts Effects Was the first (of three) agricultural revolutionsVegetative planting was first form of plant cultivation then seed agricultureProgression of hunting and gathering societies to settled agricultural onesDomestication of plants especially food crops such as wheat, maize, sorghum and rice depending on region. Animals such as sheep and pigs were also dominated.Earliest evidence of the revolution appears in Mesopotamia around 10,000 b.cHearths of vegetative planting: Southeast Asia, West Africa, South AmericaHearths of seed agriculture: Western India, North China, and EthiopiaRise of settled agricultural societies led to creation of citiesLed to increased birth ratesShift in matriarchal and patriarchal rolesSpecialization in technology such as metallurgy increased
3 Industrial Revolution EffectsFactsMigration from rural to urban areas led to creation of factories that manufactured agricultural goodsEfficient forms of transportation like the steamship and railway allowed framers to ship goods at a lower cost2nd agricultural revolution that occurred from 18th-19th c.First began in the EnglandTransition to machine based society increased efficiency of agricultural productionInventions included the seed drill, improved iron plow, and the threshing machineAgriculture shifted from subsistence to commercial agricultural economy
12 ASSUMPTIONS: It is an isolated agricultural region It is homogeneous in soil and climate and has no rivers or mountains to interrupt the terrain (completely flat)Agricultural region is served by a single marketCentral place functions to sell and consume agricultural productsCity is centrally located in the isolated stateFarmers will allocate land to it’s highest and best use (most profitable function)Transportation costs are linear and proportional to distance in all directions and all farmers transport their own goods
15 Agricultural systems associated with major bio-climatic zones This concept is best displayed in the map byDerwent Whittlesey, shown in Figure 10-5 in your text book.This map allows for basic understanding of the link between agriculture and climate zones. But take caution when applying to modern day, a modern version of this map has not been created.
17 Vocab and Important People of Unit 5: AgricultureNorman Borlaug (check outMichael PollanAgribusinessCapital-intensive AgricultureExtensive agriculture ( pastoral nomadism/ shifting cultivation)Intensive CultivationFeed lotsPlanned Agricultural economySpecialty cropsUrban SprawlAnd most of all TRANSHUMANCE!!!Check out the College Board site for comprehensive Unit overviews. Also see for quizzes over the chapter (be sure to look at the chapter names rather than number, because this site is for the 8th edition).
18 Helpful Hints Study!!! Know agricultural models Be able to contrast and compare land use modelsKnow differences of agricultural practices of LDCs and MDCs, as well as climate regionsBe able to describe each agricultural revolution in detail
19 & Interesting Articles Helpful Websites& Interesting ArticlesReleased FRQ’s on agriculture: (particularly question number 3)for useful statistics