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LEVEL ONE: SARF. LEVEL ONE: SARF e-flashcards This series of flashcards covers the first six chapters (the 3 letter verbs) of Sarf. Meanings of the verbs.

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Presentation on theme: "LEVEL ONE: SARF. LEVEL ONE: SARF e-flashcards This series of flashcards covers the first six chapters (the 3 letter verbs) of Sarf. Meanings of the verbs."— Presentation transcript:

1 LEVEL ONE: SARF

2 LEVEL ONE: SARF e-flashcards This series of flashcards covers the first six chapters (the 3 letter verbs) of Sarf. Meanings of the verbs are taken from corpus.quran.com and verbace.com, the Qur’aanic aayaat are from Madinah Mushaf Publisher provided by qurancomplex.org and interpretations of the meanings of the aayaat are taken from TheNobleQuran.com.corpus.quran.com verbace.comqurancomplex.orgTheNobleQuran.com All of the verbs are written in Qur’aanic Arabic. The writing of Al- Qur'aan has different principles then the principles of the normal writing of Arabic. Students should remember that each form may contain extra letters and that the harakah on the laamul-kalimah varies.

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4 HELP, SUPPORT, AID, GIVE THE VICTORY TO (SAID OF ALLAH) MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 1 مُتَعَدِّ ي الباب الأول Truly Allâh has given you victory on many battle fields, and on the Day of Hunain (battle) when you rejoiced at your great number but it availed you naught and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you, then you turned back in flight. (At-Tawbah 9:25) With the help of Allâh, He helps whom He wills, and He is the All­Mighty, the Most Merciful. (Ar- Rum 30:5)

5 EXIT, EMERGE, EXCEED, DEVIATE FROM, GO OUT, GO OUT FROM, COME FORTH MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 2 لاَزِم الباب الأول He knows that which goes into the earth and that which comes forth from it, and that which descend from the heaven and that which ascends to it. And He is the Most Merciful, the Oft­Forgiving. (Saba' 34:2) Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrâb (a praying place or a private room, etc.), he told them by signs to glorify Allâh's Praises in the morning and in the afternoon. (Maryam 19:11)

6 TAKE, SEIZE, GET MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 3 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allâh! While the Messenger (Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) invites you to believe in your Lord (Allâh), and He (Allâh) has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers. (Al-Hadid 57:8) "As for the ship, it belonged to Masâkîn (poor people) working in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was a king after them who seized every ship by force. (Al-Kahf 18:79)

7 WRITE, COMPOSE, RECORD, INSCRIBE, DECREE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 4 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And had it not been that Allâh had decreed exile for them, He would certainly have punished them in this world, and in the Hereafter theirs shall be the torment of the Fire. (Al-Hashr 59:3) ﭽ ﭹ ﭺ ﭻ ﭼ ﭽ ﭼ القلم : ٤٧ Or that the Ghaib (unseen here in this Verse it means Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz) is in their hands, so that they can write it down? (Al-Qalam 68:47)

8 COMMAND, ORDER, REQUIRE, INSTRUCT, DICTATE, DECREE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 5 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Those who join that which Allâh has commanded to be joined (i.e. they are good to their relatives and do not sever the bond of kinship), fear their Lord, and dread the terrible reckoning (i.e. abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allâh has forbidden and perform all kinds of good deeds which Allâh has ordained). (Ra'd 13:21) And when they commit a Fâhisha (evil deed, going round the Ka'bah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they say: "We found our fathers doing it, and Allâh has commanded us of it." Say: "Nay, Allâh never commands of Fâhisha. Do you say of Allâh what you know not? (Al-A'raf 7:28)

9 KILL, MURDER MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 6 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي O you who believe! Kill not game while you are in a state of Ihrâm for Hajj or 'Umrah (pilgrimage), and whosoever of you kills it intentionally, the penalty is an offering, brought to the Ka'bah, of an eatable animal (i.e. sheep, goat, cow, etc.) equivalent to the one he killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or, for expiation, he should feed Masâkin (poor persons), or its equivalent in Saum (fasting), that he may taste the heaviness (punishment) of his deed. Allâh has forgiven what is past, but whosoever commits it again, Allâh will take retribution from him. And Allâh is All­Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. (Al-Ma'idah 5:95)

10 CREATE, MAKE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 7 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Allâh has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allâh creates what He wills. Verily! Allâh is Able to do all things. (An-Nur 24:45)

11 ADORE, WORSHIP MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 8 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And they said: "If it had been the Will of the Most Beneficent (Allâh), we should not have worshipped them (false deities)." They have no knowledge whatsoever of that. They do nothing but lie! (Az-Zukhruf 43:20) They said: "You have come to us that we should worship Allâh Alone and forsake that which our fathers used to worship. So bring us that wherewith you have threatened us if you are of the truthful." (Al-A'raf 7:70)

12 PROVIDE, GIVE SUSTENANCE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 9 الباب الأول Allâh is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Is there any of your (so­called) partners (of Allâh) that do anything of that ? Glory be to Him! And Exalted be He above all that (evil) they associate (with Him). (Ar-Rum 30:40) Allâh is very Gracious and Kind to His slaves. He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the All-Strong, the All-Mighty. (Ash-Shura 42:19) مُتَعَدِّ ي

13 LET, FORSAKE, LET GO MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 10 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And if Allâh were to punish men for that which they earned, He would not leave a moving (living) creature on the surface of the earth, but He gives them respite to an appointed term, and when their term comes, then verily, Allâh is Ever All­Seer of His slaves. (Fatir 35:45) They said: "O Shu'aib! Does your Salât (prayer) (i.e. the prayers which you offer has spoiled your mind, so you) command that we leave off what our fathers used to worship, or that we leave off doing what we like with our property? Verily, you are the forbearer, right-minded!" (They said this sarcastically). (Hud 11:87)

14 BREAK, BREACH, REPEAL MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 11 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And be not like her who undoes the thread which she has spun after it has become strong, by taking your oaths a means of deception among yourselves, lest a nation may be more numerous than another nation… (An-Nahl 16:92) They are those with whom you made a covenant, but they break their covenant every time and they do not fear Allâh. (Al-Anfal 8:56)

15 1.) BE QUIET, CALM, CALM DOWN, REST 2.) INHABIT, DWELL MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 12 الباب الأول And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day, and He is the All­Hearing, the All­Knowing." (Al-An'am 6:13) See they not that We have made the night for them to rest therein, and the day sight-giving? Verily, in this are Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for the people who believe. (An-Naml 27:86) لاَزِم

16 REMEMBER, RECALL, RECOLLECT MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 13 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And remembers (glorifies) the Name of his Lord (worships none but Allâh), and prays (five compulsory prayers and Nawâfil additional prayers). (Al-A'la 87:15) Does not man remember that We created him before, while he was nothing? (Maryam 19:67)

17 STRETCH, EXTEND, ENLARGE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 14 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And if Allâh were to enlarge the provision for His slaves, they would surely rebel in the earth, but He sends down by measure as He wills. Verily! He is in respect of His slaves, the Well-Aware, the All-Seer (of things that benefit them). (Ash-Shura 42:27) Do they not see that Allâh enlarges the provision for whom He wills and straitens (it for whom He wills). Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who believe. (Ar-Rum 30:37)

18 AMOUNT, COME TO, REACH, ATTAIN, ARRIVE AT MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 15 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي And when the children among you come to puberty, then let them (also) ask for permission, as those senior to them (in age). Thus Allâh makes clear His Ayât (Commandments and legal obligations) for you. And Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (An-Nur 24:59) And Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "O Hâmân! Build me a tower that I may arrive at the ways, (Ghafir 40:36)

19 EAT, CONSUME, ERODE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 16 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytatah (the dead animals - cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allâh, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allâh's Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns - and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal … (Al-Ma'idah 5:3) And they say: "Why does this Messenger (Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) eat food, and walk about in the markets (like ourselves). Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him? (Al-Furqan 25:7)

20 PROSTRATE, KNEEL, WORSHIP MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 17 الباب الأول So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. (Al-Hijr 15:30) And to Allâh prostate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the live moving creatures and the angels, and they are not proud [i.e. they worship their Lord (Allâh) with humility]. (An-Nahl 16:49) لاَزِم

21 JUDGE, DECREE, DECIDE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 18 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Those who were arrogant will say: "We are all (together) in this (Fire)! Verily Allâh has judged between (His) slaves!" (Ghafir 40:48) "Allâh will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein you used to differ." (Al-Hajj 22:69)

22 RUN, FLEE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 19 الباب الأول Then, when they perceived (saw) Our Torment (coming), behold, they (tried to) flee from it. (Al-Anbiya 21:12) لاَزِم

23 SPRING, GROW, VEGETATE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 20 الباب الأول And a tree (olive) that springs forth from Mount Sinai, that grows oil, and (it is a) relish for the eaters. (Al-Mu'minun 23:20) لاَزِم

24 FEEL, INFER, SENSE, PERCEIVE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 21 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي They (think to) deceive Allâh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! (Al-Baqarah 2:9)

25  A SIGN THAT A F`IL IS OF CHAPTER ONE: “ If the `aynul-kalimah is a waaw” فِعْلٌ مُاضٍ: If this waaw is originally mutaharrik and preceded by a letter bearing a fathah, then it will be turned into an alif. فِعْلٌ مُضَارِعٌ: The dhammah on the waaw is moved to the faa’ul-kalimah to keep it light on the tongue. فِعْلٌ مُاضٍ: If this waaw is originally mutaharrik and preceded by a letter bearing a fathah, then it will be turned into an alif. فِعْلٌ مُضَارِعٌ: The dhammah on the waaw is moved to the faa’ul-kalimah to keep it light on the tongue. إِذَا كَانَتْ عَيْنُ الْكَلِمَةِ وَاواً

26 TELL, SAY, UTTER MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 22 Originally: (قَوَلَ) Originally: (يَقْوُلُ) الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي He [Mûsa (Moses)] said, "He says, 'It is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other colour except bright yellow.' " They said, "Now you have brought the truth." So they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it. (Al-Baqarah 2:71)

27 BE, IS, EXIST, HE WAS, IT WAS MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 23 الباب الأول Originally: (كَوَنَ) Originally: (يَكْوُنُ) And mention in the Book (this Qur'ân) Mûsa (Moses). Verily! He was chosen and he was a Messenger (and) a Prophet. (Maryam 19:51) And why did you not, when you heard it, say? "It is not right for us to speak of this. Glory be to You (O Allâh) this is a great lie." (An-Nur 24:16) لاَزِم

28 STAND, RISE UP, BE ON ONE’S FEET MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 24 الباب الأول Originally: (قَوَمَ) Originally: (يَقْوُمُ) لاَزِم (It has been revealed to me that) When the slave of Allâh (Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) stood up invoking (his Lord Allâh) in prayer to Him they (the jinns) just made round him a dense crowd as if sticking one over the other (in order to listen to the Prophet's recitation). (Al-Jinn 72:19) The Day that Ar-Rûh [Jibrael (Gabriel) or another angel] and the angels will stand forth in rows, none shall speak except him whom the Most Beneficent (Allâh) allows, and he will speak what is right. (An-Naba 78:38)

29 DIE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 25 الباب الأول Originally: (مَوَتَ) Originally: (يَمْوُتُ) لاَزِم And never (O Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allâh and His Messenger, and died while they were Fâsiqûn (rebellious, - disobedient to Allâh and His Messenger Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam). (At-Tawbah 9:84) And they swear by Allâh their strongest oaths, that Allâh will not raise up him who dies. Yes, (He will raise them up), a promise (binding) upon Him in truth, but most of mankind know not. (An-Nahl 16:38)

30 TURN IN REPENTANCE, ACCEPT REPENTANCE (SAID OF ALLAAH) MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 2626 الباب الأول Originally: (تَوَبَ) Originally: (يَتْوُبُ) لاَزِم Except those who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allâh and His Messenger Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam), and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught. (Maryam 19:60) Then after that Allâh will accept the repentance of whom He will. And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (At-Tawbah 9:27)

31 SEEK REFUGE (IN ALLAAH) MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 27 الباب الأول Originally: (عَوَذَ) Originally: (يَعْوُذُ) لاَزِم She said: "Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allâh) from you, if you do fear Allâh." (Maryam 19:18)

32 TASTE MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 28 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (ذَوَقَ) Originally: (يَذْوُقُ) So he misled them with deception. Then when they tasted of the tree, that which was hidden from them of their shame (private parts) became manifest to them and they began to stick together the leaves of Paradise over themselves (in order to cover their shame). And their Lord called out to them (saying): "Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you: Verily, Shaitân (Satan) is an open enemy unto you?" (Al-A'raf 7:22) So taste you (the results of your evil actions); no increase shall We give you, except in torment. (An-Naba 78:30)

33 RETURN MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 29 الباب الأول لاَزِم Originally: (حَوَرَ) Originally: (يَحْوُرُ) Verily, he thought that he would never come back (to Us)! (Al-Inshiqaq 84:14)

34 TREMBLE, SHAKE, MOVE IN CIRCLES MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 30 الباب الأول لاَزِم Originally: (مَوَرَ) Originally: (يَمْوُرُ) Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allâh), will not cause the earth to sink with you, then behold it shakes (as in an earthquake)? (Al-Mulk 67:16)

35 ENGAGE, INDULGE (IN VAIN TALK) MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE 31 الباب الأول متعدّي لاَزِم So leave them to plunge in vain talk and play about, until they meet their Day which they are promised. (Al-Ma'arij 70:42) Originally: (خَوَضَ) Originally: (يَخْوُضُ )

36  A SIGN THAT A F`IL IS OF CHAPTER ONE: “If the laamul-kalimah is a waaw” إِذَا كَانَتْ لاَمُ الْكَلِمَةِ وَاواً فِعْلٌ مَاضٍ: If the waaw was originally mutaharrik and the letter before it has a fathah then the waaw is turned into an alif. فِعْلٌ مُضَارِعٌ: The dhammah on the waaw is dropped to keep it light on the tongue. فِعْلٌ مَاضٍ: If the waaw was originally mutaharrik and the letter before it has a fathah then the waaw is turned into an alif. فِعْلٌ مُضَارِعٌ: The dhammah on the waaw is dropped to keep it light on the tongue.

37 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE CALL,INVOKE 32 الباب الأول متعدّ ي Originally: (دَعَوَ) Originally: (يَدْعُوُ) At that time Zakariyâ (Zachariya) invoked his Lord, saying: "O my Lord! Grant me from You, a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation." (Aali Imran 3:38) Allâh calls to the home of peace (i.e. Paradise, by accepting Allâh's religion of Islâmic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds and abstaining from polytheism and evil deeds) and guides whom He wills to a Straight Path. (Yunus 10:25)

38 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE الباب الأول 33 مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (رَجَوَ) Originally: (يَرْجُوُ) EXPECT, HOPE, DESIRE Say (O Muhammad Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam): "I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilâh (God) is One Ilâh (God i.e. Allâh). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (Al-Kahf 18:110)

39 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE SCATTER, DISPERSE الباب الأول 34 مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (ذَرَوَ) Originally: (يَذْرُوُ) And put forward to them the example of the life of this world, it is like the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it, and becomes fresh and green. But (later) it becomes dry and broken pieces, which the winds scatter. And Allâh is Able to do everything. (Al-Kahf 18:45)

40 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE SWELL, GROW, INCREASE الباب الأول 35 Originally: (رَبَوَ) Originally: (يَرْبُوُ) And that which you give in gift (to others), in order that it may increase (your wealth by expecting to get a better one in return) from other people's property, has no increase with Allâh, but that which you give in Zakât seeking Allâh's Countenance then those, they shall have manifold increase. (Ar-Rum 30:39) لاَزِم

41 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE ATTACK الباب الأول 36 Originally: (سَطَوَ) Originally: (يَسْطُوُ) And when Our Clear Verses are recited to them, you will notice a denial on the faces of the disbelievers! They are nearly ready to attack with violence those who recite Our Verses to them. Say: "Shall I tell you of something worse than that? The Fire (of Hell) which Allâh has promised to those who disbelieve, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Hajj 22:72) لاَزِم

42 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE PARDON, FORGIVE الباب الأول 37 Originally: (عَفَوَ) Originally: (يَعْفُوُ) O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if you ask about them while the Qur'ân is being revealed, they will be made plain to you. Allâh has forgiven that, and Allâh is Oft­Forgiving, Most Forbearing. (Al-Ma'idah 5:101) And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much. (See the Qur'ân Verse 35:45). (Ash-Shura 42:30) لاَزِم

43 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE COVER WITH DARKNESS الباب الأول 38 مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (سَجَوَ) Originally: (يَسْجُوُ) And by the night when it is still (or darkens); (Ad-Duha 93:2)

44 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE COMPLAIN الباب الأول 39 مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (شَكَوَ) Originally: (يَشْكُوُ) He said: "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allâh, and I know from Allâh that which you know not. (Yusuf 12:86)

45 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE BECOME MANIFEST, APPARENT, REVEAL, DISCLOSE 40 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (بَدَوَ) Originally: (يَبْدُوُ) Nay, it has become manifest to them what they had been concealing before. But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars. (Al-An'am 6:28) He said: "O Adam! Inform them of their names," and when he had informed them of their names, He said: "Did I not tell you that I know the Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?" (Al-Baqarah 2:33)

46 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE COMMIT EXCESS, EXCEED 41 الباب الأول Originally: (غَلَوَ) Originally: (يَغْلُوُ) Say (O Muhammad - Sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path." (Al-Ma'idah 5:77) لاَزِم

47 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE ERASE, ELIMINATE 42 الباب الأول مُتَعَدِّ ي Originally: (مَحَوَ) Originally: (يَمْحُوُ) Allâh blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother of the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz) (Ra'd 13:39)

48 MEANING MARK FOR REVIEW NEXTEXAMPLE TURN AWAY 43 الباب الأول Originally: (عَشَوَ) Originally: (يَعْشُو) And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allâh) (i.e. this Qur'ân and worship of Allâh), We appoint for him Shaitân (Satan ­ devil) to be a Qarîn (an intimate companion) to him. (Az-Zukhruf 43:36) لاَزِم

49 End of Chapter One REVIEWEND


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