Presentation on theme: "(your state) Master Farmer Program"— Presentation transcript:
1(your state) Master Farmer Program Add your university logo or program logo here
2________________________________________________________________ The Clean Water Act________________________________________________________________Originated as the Water Pollution Control Act (WPCA) of 1948WPCA amendments in 1970 created the EPAWPCA Amendments of 1972 became what is commonly known as the Clean Water Act (CWA) today
3CWA Focus For First 25 Years Focused on point source or “end-of-the-pipe” sources - originate from a stationary location or fixed facility from which pollutants are discharged directly into a water-body-includes run-off from wastewater treatment plants, CAFOs, oil refineriesLargely exempted nonpoint source (NPS) runoff from regulation; these were managed by voluntary implementation of BMPs-includes run-off from all agriculture, lawns, highways, parking lots, natural sources______________________________________________________________
4Requirements of the CWA ______________________________________________________________Requires states to develop lists of impaired waters (EPA approved)Requires states’ to identify pollution reductions needed to meet standards – now includes both point and non-point source pollutantsRequires development of TMDLs and implementation plans that will lead to clean water goals (EPA approved)
5What is a TMDL? Total Maximum Daily Load ______________________________________________________________Total Maximum Daily LoadA TMDL is the maximum amount of a pollutant (allocated among point, nonpoint, and natural sources) that can enter a water body and still comply with water quality standards. It is required for waters not meeting state / EPA approved water quality standards. TMDLs must also be approved by EPA.
6Agriculture and Forestry Nonpoint Source Pollutants ______________________________________________________________SedimentsNutrientsPesticidesOil & GreaseAnimal Wastes
7Impairment Status of Louisiana’s Basin Sub-segments Fully Meeting Needs – No impairments for any designated useInsufficient Data – Water Body was not assessed, or was assessed and had insufficient data to determine statusImpaired; Has TMDL – Water body has been determined as impaired for at least 1 impairment of 1 designated use, and a TMDL has been developed for that impairment and useImpaired – Does not need TMDL – Water body has been determined as impaired for at least 1 impairment of 1 designated use, but does not need a TMDL. Examples: non-native vegetation, natural conditions, impairment is drought-related, etc.Impaired – Needs TMDL – Water body has been determined as impaired for a least 1 impairment of 1 designated use, and a TMDL needs to be developed for that impairment and use.________________________________________________________________Add your state map with impairments*Based on DRAFT (b) List and subject to minor changes.
8Add your state land use map here. LOUISIANA LAND USE__*_Stress that there is, at least for Louisiana, a correlation between the land use mapand the impairment status of our watersheds. This gives producers and idea of how ourstate and agriculture are being viewed in light of impairments and their relationship with_agriculture and forestry.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________Add your state land use map here.
9Louisiana Master Farmer Program Collaborations/Partnerships Add your university and program logo here; also add any partnering or supporting agency logos______________________________________________________________Louisiana Master Farmer Program Collaborations/Partnerships
10Master Farmer Initiative Multi-agency effort sponsored by the Louisiana Farm Bureau Federation (add your own)Implemented by watershed, with the AgCenter’s watershed agent coordinating the sessions (add your university dept. or center here)Targets all agricultural producersObjective: The (your state) Master Farmer Program is a multi-agency effort targeted at helping agricultural producers voluntarily address the environmental concerns related to production agriculture.______________________________________________________________
12Phase 1: Environmental Education ______________________________________________________________Conducted at the parish/watershed levelSpecific topics addressed include:The Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972National & Louisiana (your state) water quality standardsTotal Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)Impacts of NPS Pollution on the Coastal ZoneBest Management Practices (BMPs)Role of Conservation Districts in conservation planning and implementationThe NRCS Planning ProcessConservation Programs
13Phase 2: Model FarmsRepresentative farms for each watershed; commodity specific for that areaBMP demonstrations; ex. No-till vs conventional tillageWater quality monitoringSponsor field day with data collected for education and outreach purposes______________________________________________________________
14“Potential” Model Farms Add your state watershed map here or delete if no Model Farms will be selected.“Potential” Model FarmsPoultryBeef Cattle______________________________________________________________CottonSoybeansCornRice, SoybeansCrawfishBeef CattleBeef CattleDairySugarcane
15Phase 3: Conservation Plans Development and implementation of farm-specific RMS level conservation plansLooks at all resource concernsPlans will be developed by the NRCS and working with the local Soil and Water Conservation District______________________________________________________________
16Time Line For Implementation of Program Schedule of WatershedsMermentau/Vermilion-Teche (2001)Calcasieu/Ouachita (2002)Barataria/Terrebonne (2003)Red/Sabine (2004)Pontchartrain Basin (2005)Mississippi/Atchafalaya/Pearl (2006)______________________________________________________________Develop and list a time-line for implementation of the program state-wide by watershed.
17Summary______________________________________________________________As TMDL’s are being developed in (your state)’s watersheds, (your state)’s agricultural producers will face environmental challenges such as compliance with mandatory reductions of nonpoint pollutants, such as nutrients, pathogens (fecal coliform), organic material/dissolved oxygen, sediment, and metals. Voluntary implementation of incentive-based, economically achievable and effective BMPs, through the Master Farmer Program, represents a workable means of reducing agriculture’s contribution to the water quality challenges.
18Add your contact information here.______________________________________________________________