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(add state here) Master Farmer Program (add university logo here)

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Presentation on theme: "(add state here) Master Farmer Program (add university logo here)"— Presentation transcript:

1 (add state here) Master Farmer Program (add university logo here)

2 Silent Spring – 1962 DDT Threatens Bird Species Swimming Areas and Beaches Closed Love Canal – Hazardous Waste Dumps Passage of Clean Water Act and Creation of the EPA Where It Began

3 Restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of U.S. waters Clean Water Act Goal

4 Point Sources – originate from a stationary location or fixed facility from which pollutants are discharged directly into a waterbody. Examples include: Wastewater effluent, both municipal and industrial Runoff from confined animal feeding operations Runoff from active mine sites and oil fields 2 Types of Pollutants

5 Nonpoint Sources – pollution sources, which do not have a single point of origin or are not introduced into a receiving stream from a specific outlet. Examples include: Runoff from row-crop agriculture Runoff from pasture and range Runoff from forested areas Runoff from lawns and gardens Runoff from roads, highways and parking lots Natural sources, such as leaves, organic nutrients and wildlife feces 2 Types of Pollutants

6 LOUISIANA LAND USE (add your state map here)

7 It focused on point source or end-of-the- pipe sources via NPDES permits Largely exempted nonpoint source (NPS) runoff from regulation Nonpoint source contributors (which includes ag & forestry) were largely managed by voluntary implementation of BMPs CWA Focus For First 25 Years

8 28 years after CWA implementation 21,000 impaired waterbodies 300,000 miles of rivers and shoreline 5 million lake acres Almost 80% of Americans live within 10 miles of an impaired waterbody Excess sediments, nutrients, and harmful microorganisms are leading reasons The Result?

9 Requires states to develop lists of impaired waters (EPA approved) Requires states to identify pollution reductions needed to meet standards Requires reductions of both point and nonpoint source pollutants Requires development of TMDLs and implementation plans that will lead to clean water goals (EPA approved) Requirements of the CWA

10 T otal M aximum D aily L oad A TMDL is the maximum amount of a pollutant (allocated among point, non- point, and natural sources) that can enter a water body and still comply with water quality standards. It is required for waters not meeting state / EPA approved water quality standards. TMDLs must also be approved by EPA. What is a TMDL ?

11 Croplands Pasturelands Animal production operations Forestlands Other industry contributions Homeowners (landscapes, septic systems, stormwater runoff, etc.) Municipalities (sewerage treatment) All Point and Nonpoint Contributors Are Included

12 Sediments Nutrients Pesticides Oil & Grease Animal Wastes Agriculture and Forestry Nonpoint Source Pollutants

13 Rivers and Streams 35% of assessed rivers polluted Siltation, pathogens, nutrients Agriculture leading source of pollution Lakes and Reservoirs 45% of assessed lakes polluted Nutrients, metals, siltation Agriculture leading source of pollution 1998 National Water Quality Inventory ***Slide from EPA Presentation!!***

14 Farmers with 10 or more acres used for agriculture or forestry REQUIRED to implement a water quality plan. Must fully implement applicable requirements within 5 years Kentucky Agriculture Water Quality Act

15 The North Carolina Environmental Management Commission has established the goal of reducing the average annual load of nitrogen delivered to the Neuse River Estuary from point and non-point sources by a minimum of 30%. The Neuse Rules were developed to achieve this goal. THEY ARE NOW LAW! North Carolina Neuse River

16 The rule provides two options for reaching the nitrogen reduction goal. Farmers MUST choose between: Option 1 Participate in a local nitrogen reduction strategy that would include specific plans for each farm that would collectively meet the nitrogen reduction goal Option 2 Implement BMPs that include riparian buffers, filter strips, water control structures, and nutrient management plans The Neuse Agricultural Rule

17 Applies to all persons who apply fertilizer to 50 or more acres of land per year, or persons who manage 50 or more acres of land per year (Agricultural, Rural and Urban) Option 1- Complete Nutrient Management Training Certification Course by Aug Option 2 – Develop and properly implement a written nutrient management plan for all properties where nutrients are applied by Aug The Neuse Nutrient Management Rule

18 Arkansas officials have proposed regulating the use of commercial fertilizer in Arkansas and Oklahoma as part of a comprehensive strategy for improving water quality by reducing nutrients. Arkansas poultry and state officials are asking the same question: "If we ship litter out of the basin, how do we assure that folks don't just replace it with commercial fertilizer?" Arkansas Considers Regulation of Commercial Fertilizer

19 "In those sensitive watersheds, if a management plan for poultry litter is required, then the application of commercial fertilizer should be (included in nutrient- management plans)," said Earl Smith, the chief of the water-resources management division of the commission. "If what we are concerned with are nutrients, we need to look at all of the ways nutrients get into the streams." Arkansas Considers Regulation of Commercial Fertilizer

20 Can It Happen In (your state)? Calcasieu Parish Ordinance – Prohibits Draining of Fields into road ditches ( if there have been rules or laws passed, add here with offense for each) Misdemeanor offense – up to 30 days jail or $500 for each offense

21 (Add your state with endorsements and support logos here) Louisiana Master Farmer Program Collaborations/Partnerships

22 (highlight your programs benefits and sponsors here) Multi-agency effort sponsored by the Louisiana Farm Bureau Federation Implemented by watershed, with the AgCenters watershed agent coordinating the program Targets all agricultural producers Voluntary Master Farmer Initiative

23 Louisianas Watersheds (your states watershed map)

24 The (your state) Master Farmer Program is a multi-agency effort targeted at helping agricultural producers voluntarily address the environmental concerns related to production agriculture. Objective

25 Master Farmer Initiative Environmental Stewardship

26 Conducted at the parish(or county) level Specific topics addressed include: The Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972 National & (your state)water quality standards Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) Impacts of NPS Pollution on the Coastal Zone Best Management Practices (BMPs) Role of Conservation Districts in conservation planning and implementation The NRCS Planning Process Conservation Programs Phase 1: Environmental Education

27 (if you do not have model farms, replace this info with whatever your next phase would be or skip this phase) Representative farms for each watershed BMP demonstrations Water quality monitoring Education and outreach Phase 2: Model Farms

28 Model Farms (add your model farm map here or delete if no model farms are selected)

29 Development and implementation of farm-specific conservation plans Plans will be developed by the NRCS working with the local Soil and Water Conservation Districts Phase 3: Conservation Plans

30 Time Line For Implementation (time-line for implementing program in your state by watershed approach) Schedule Mermentau/Vermilion- Teche (2001) Calcasieu/Ouachita (2002) Barataria/Terrebonne (2003) Red/Sabine (2004) Pontchartrain Basin (2004) Mississippi/Atchafalaya/ Pearl (2005)

31 As TMDLs are being developed in (your state) watersheds, (your states) agricultural producers will face environmental challenges such as compliance with mandatory reductions of nonpoint pollutants, such as nutrients, pathogens (fecal coliform), organic material/dissolved oxygen, sediment, and metals. Voluntary implementation of incentive-based, economically achievable and effective BMPs, through the Master Farmer Program, represents a workable means of reducing agricultures contribution to the water quality challenges. Summary


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