Presentation on theme: "UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath"— Presentation transcript:
1UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath EARLY MODERN TIMES
2The renaissance and reformation 1300-1650 Chapter fourteen CHAPTER OVERVIEWThe Renaissance in ItalyThe Renaissance Moves NorthThe Protestant ReformationReformation Ideas SpreadThe Scientific RevolutionThe renaissance and reformation Chapter fourteen
3UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST The Big Idea – The Renaissance that began in Italy was characterized by an interest in learning and the arts and a desire to explore the human experienceVocabulary – Patron, humanism, perspectiveFocus/Review – Why were the Italian city-states a favorable setting for a cultural rebirth? What was the Renaissance? What themes and techniques did Renaissance artists and writers explore?Page 336
4A REBIRTH IN ITALY What made Italy the birth place of the Renaissance? Who were the Medici’s? What was their contribution to the Renaissance?What was the Renaissance? Whatareas did it effect in society?Describe how the Renaissancerelated to humanismDescribe the Renaissance as itrelated to the artsWho were the “three geniuses ofRenaissance art”? Give a brief descriptionof eachList two Renaissance writers. Give a briefdescription of both and their writings
5THE RENAISSANCE MOVES NORTH The Big Idea – The Renaissance slowly spread to northern Europe, where artists and writers experimented with new methods and ideasVocabulary – Engraving, vernacular, utopianFocus – Which artists brought the Renaissance to northern Europe? What themes did humanist thinkers and other writers explore? What impact did the printing revolution have on Europe?Page 342
6THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE Where did the Northern Renaissance begin? Where did it spread to?Who was the German Leonardo? Describe is life and workWho were the Flemish painters? Describe their worksWho were the writers of the Northern Renaissance? Describe their worksWho was the inventor of the printing press? Describe it’s importance on society
7THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION The Big Idea – The ideas of Martin Luther and John Calvin led people to separate from the Roman Catholic Church and form new Protestant churchesVocabulary – Indulgence, recant, predestination, theocracyFocus/Review – How did abuses in the Church spark widespread criticism? How did Martin Luther challenge Catholic authority and teachings? What role did John Calvin play in the Reformation?Page 346
8THE REFORMATION Why did many Christians call for Church Reform? Who was Martin Luther? Describe his 95 ThesesWhat were Luther’s teachings? How did his ideas spread?Who was John Calvin? Explain hisTeachings
9Reformation Ideas Spread The Big Idea – Both the Protestant and Catholic reformations brought sweeping changes to EuropeVocabulary – Annul, canonize, scapegoatFocus/Review – What ideas did radical reformers support? Why did England form a new church? How did the Catholic Church reform itself? Why did some groups face persecution?Page 351
10CATHOLICS AND PERSECUTION Describe Henry VIIIWhat was the Council of Trent ?Describe the InquisitionWhat role did Jews play in the Reformation?Why were the Anabaptists considered radical?Describe the steps by which England became a Protestant countryWhat were the goals of the Catholic Reformation?Why did persecution increase after the Reformation?
11The Scientific Revolution The Big Idea – A new way of thinking, based on experimentation and observation, changed the way Europeans looked at the worldVocabulary – Heliocentric, hypothesisFocus/Review – How did astronomers change the way people viewed the universe? What was the new scientific method? What advances did Newton and other scientist make?Page 356
12SCIENTIFIC ADVANCEMENTS Why did some people oppose the heliocentric theory of the universe?How did the scientific methoddiffer from earlier approaches?How did Newton try to explainthe workings of the universe?
13THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE AND ASIA 1415-1796 Chapter FIFTEEN CHAPTER OVERVIEWThe Search for SpicesDiverse Traditions of Southeast AsiaEuropean Footholds in Southeast Asia and IndiaEncounters in East AsiaTHE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE AND ASIA Chapter FIFTEEN
14The Search for SpicesThe Big Idea – A desire to share in the rich spice trade of the East spurred Europeans to explore the oceansVocabulary – Cartographer, astrolabe, caravel, circumnavigateFocus/Review – Why did Europeans cross the seas? How did Portugal’s eastward explorations lead to the development of a trading empire? How did Columbus’s voyages affect the search for a passage to the Indies?Page 364
15IN SEARCH OF SPICEWhat motives and means did Europeans have for exploration?How and why did Portugal lead the way for sea exploration?Describe Christopher Columbus. What was hein search of? What was his legacy?Explain the importance of F Ferdinand MagellanWhat is the Northwest Passage?
16Diverse Traditions of Southeast Asia The Big Idea – Because of its location, Southeast Asia was affected by the cultures of both China and IndiaVocabulary – Matrillineal, stupa, padiFocus/Review – What are the key geographic features of Southeast Asia? What impact did Indian civilization have on new kingdoms and empires? What factors contributed to the growth of Vietnamese culture?Page 369
17SOUTHEAST ASIAHow did geography make Southeast Asia of strategic importance?Describe Pagan KingdomDescribe the Khmer EmpireDescribe the Srivijaya EmpireHow did China influenceVietnam? How did Vietnampreserve its identity?
18European Footholds in Southeast Asia and India The Big Idea – Europeans used military power to build trading empires in southeast AsiaVocabulary – Outpost, sepoyFocus/Review – How did the Portuguese and the Dutch build empires in the East? How did Spain control the Philippines? How did the decline of Mughal India affect European traders?Page 373
19THE PORTUGUESE, THE DUTCH, AND THE INDIANS How did the Portuguese gain control of the spice trade?How were the Portuguese challenged by the Dutch?Why was Spain easily able to conquer the Philippines?Why did Spain want to control the island of the Philippians?Why did Mughal power decline?What effect did the decline have on France and Britain?
20Encounters in East Asia The Big Idea – China, Korea, and Japan limited contact with western nationsVocabulary – NONE ;)Focus/Review – How was European trade with China affected by the Manchu conquest? What factors led Korea to isolate itself from other nations? What attitude did the Tokugawa shoguns have toward foreign traders?Page 377
21EAST MEETS WEST Describe European trade with China Why did Korea pursue a policy of isolation?What was the Japanese policy on trade and foreigners? Why did it change over time?
22CHAPTER OVERVIEWConquest in the AmericasSpanish and Portuguese Colonies in the AmericasStruggle for North AmericaTurbulent Centuries in AfricaChanges in EuropeTHE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE, THE AMERICAS, AND AFRICA Chapter sixteen
23Conquest in the Americas The Big Idea – Various factors enabled the Spanish to conquer the Aztec and Incan empiresVocabulary – Conquistador, allianceFocus/Review – What were the results of the first encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans?Page 386
24FOREIGNERS INVADE THE AMERICAS Describe Cortes and his take over of the Aztec civilizationDescribe Pizarro and how he took over the Incan empireHow did divisions within the Aztec and Incan empires help the Spanish
25Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas The Big Idea – Native American, African, and European traditions blended to form new cultures in the AmericasVocabulary – viceroy, plantation, encomienda, peon, peninsular, Creole, mestizo, mulatto, privateerFocus/Review – How did Spain rule its empire in the Americas? What were the chief features of colonial society and culture? How did Portugal and other European nations challenge Spanish power?Page 389
26South American Colonial Society Describe how the Catholic Church influenced Spanish conquestWhat was the Spanish economy based on?Describe the life and times of Bartolome de las Casas, including his link ties toslaveryDescribe colonial society in terms ofsocial structure and citieseducation and cultural blending
27Struggle for North America The Big Idea – France and England set up colonies and competed for dominance in North AmericaVocabulary – Missionary, compactFocus/Review – What problems did settlers in New France face? What traditions of government evolved in the 13 English colonies? How did competition for power affect Europeans and Native Americans?Page 394
28Colonies in North America Why did New France grow slowly?What were the early years of English settlement like in America? What allowed them to eventually grow?Describe British colonial governmentExplain the rivalry between the British and the FrenchWhat did the 1763 Treaty of Paris accomplish?What impact did European settlements have on Native American?
29Turbulent Centuries in Africa The Big Idea – The Atlantic slave trade, the rise of new states, and power struggles, created turbulence in AfricaVocabulary – Triangular trade, monopolyFocus/Review – How did the arrival of Europeans in Africa lead to the Atlantic slave trade? How did the slave trade contribute to the rise of new African states? What groups battled for power in southern Africa?Page 398
30Atlantic Slave Trade Explain the origins of the African slave trade What was the network known as triangular trade?Describe the horrors of the Middle PassageWho was King Alfonso? How did he and other leaders try to slow the African slavetrade?What was the impact of the Africanslave trade?Describe the way of rule in the AsanteKingdomDescribe the Shaka and the ZulusDescribe the friction between the Boersand the Zulus
31Changes in EuropeThe Big Idea – European exploration and increased trade stimulated a global exchange, a commercial revolution, and other changes in EuropeVocabulary – Inflation, capitalism, joint stock company, mercantilism, tariffFocus/Review – How did European explorations lead to a global exchange? What impact did the commercial revolution and mercantilism have on European economies? How did these changes affect ordinary people?Page 403
32Global Commercial Revolution Describe the Columbian ExchangeWhat was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on populationDescribe the impact the following had on the commercial revolution: price changes and the Growth of capitalismDescribe the impact the following had on the commercial revolution: new business methods and bypassing the guildsExplain MercantilismWhat was life like for ordinary Europeans in America?
33THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM 1550-1800 Chapter seventeen CHAPTER OVERVIEWExtending Spanish PowerFrance Under Louis XIVTriumph of Parliament in EnglandRise of Austria and PrussiaAbsolute Monarchy in RussiaTHE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM Chapter seventeen
34Extending Spanish Power The Big Idea – Philip II extended Spain’s power and helped establish a golden ageVocabulary – Absolute monarch, armadaFocus/Review – How did Spanish power increase under Charles V and Philip II? How did the arts flourish during Spain’s golden age? Why did the Spanish economy decline in the 1600s?Page 412
35Charles V and Philip II Rulers Devine Describe the life and times of Charles VDescribe the life and times of Philip IIDetail the wars of Philip IIWhy is the period from 1150 to considered Spain’s golden age?Why did Spanish power andprosperity decline?
36France Under Louis XIVThe Big Idea – Under the absolute rule of Louis XIV, France became the leading power of EuropeVocabulary – Intendant, balance of powerFocus/Review – How did France rebuild after its wars of religion? How did Louis XIV strengthen royal power? What successes and failures did Louis XIV experience?Page 416
37Louis XIV Describe the life and times of Louis XIV What was Versailles, and how did it become a symbol of French power?Where were the successes and failures of Louis XIV’s reign?
38Triumph of Parliament in England The Big Idea – During the 1600s, the British Parliament asserted its rights against royal claims to absolute powerVocabulary – Dissenter, habeas corpus, limited monarchyFocus/Review – How did the Tudors and the Stuarts differ in their relations with Parliament? How did the English Civil War lead to the rise of the Commonwealth? What were the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution?Page 421
39The Tudors and the Stuarts Describe the TudorsDescribe the StuartsExplain the causes of the English Civil WarDescribe the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution
40Rise of Austria and Prussia The Big Idea – Two great empires, Austria and Prussia, rose out of the ashes of the Thirty Years’ WarVocabulary – Elector, mercenary, depopulationFocus/Review – What were the causes and results of the Thirty Years’ War? How did Austria and Prussia emerge as great powers? How did European diplomats try to maintain a balance of power?Page 427
41Austria, Prussia, and War Detail the Thirty Years’ War, and the impact it had on German statesWho was Maria Theresa? Explain her importanceDescribe the rise of PrussiaWho was Frederick II? Why was he important?Why did European nations seek a balance of power? What methods did they use?
42Absolute Monarchy in Russia The Big Idea – Czar Peter the Great and his successor, Catherine the Great, strengthened Russia and expanded Russian territoryVocabulary – Westernization, boyar, partitionFocus/Review – How did Peter the Great try to make Russia into a modern state? What steps did Peter take to expand Russia’s borders? How did Catherine the Great strengthen Russia?Page 431
43Peter and Catherine the Great Describe the life and times of Peter the GreatHow did Russia expand under his rule?Describe the life and times of Catherine the GreatDescribe her policies
44ENLIGHTENMENT AND REVOLUTION 1707-1850 UNIT FIVE
45CHAPTER OVERVIEWPhilosophy in the Age of ReasonEnlightenment Ideas SpreadBritain at Mid-CenturyBirth of the American RepublicThe ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Chapter Eighteen
46Philosophy in the Age of Reason The Big Idea – Enlightenment thinkers tried to apply reason and the laws of nature to human societyVocabulary – Natural law, social contract, natural right, physiocrat, laissez faireFocus/Review – How did scientific progress promote trust in human reason? How did the social contract and separation of powers affect views on government? How did new ideas affect society and the economy?Page 446
47Enlightened Thought Describe Thomas Hobbes enlightened thoughts Describe John Locke’s enlightened thoughtsDescribe the enlightened thoughts of Jean- Jacques RousseauDescribe the enlightened thoughts of Denis DiderotDescribe the enlightened thoughts of Adam SmithWhat role did women play in the enlightenment?
48Enlightenment Ideas Spread The Big Idea – Enlightenment ideas spread across Europe and prompted some rulers to make reformVocabulary – Salon, enlightened despot, baroque, rococoFocus/Review – What roles did censorship and salons play in the spread of new ideas? How did philosophes influence enlightened despots? How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature? Why were the lives of the majority unaffected?Page 451
49Everyone Wants to be Enlightened Describe the importance of salons to the EnlightenmentDescribe each of the following Enlightened despots in detail: Frederick the Great, Catherine the great, Joseph IIDescribe Enlightened artsDescribe Enlightened literatureHow did the Enlightenmentaffect the lives of the majority?
50Britain at Mid-Century The Big Idea – Britain's Island location, colonial possessions, and powerful navy contributed to its rise to world powerVocabulary – Constitutional government, cabinet, prime minister, oligarchyFocus/Review – What influences spurred Britain’s rise to global power? How did the growth of constitutional government reflect conditions in politics and society? How did George III reassert royal power?Page 456
51Constitutional Governments Explain how each of the following contributed to Britain's rise to global power: Geography, success in war, attitudes towards business and commerceHow did the British cabinet and office of prime minister develop?What goals did George III have when he became king?
52Birth of the American Republic The Big Idea – Colonial opposition to British trade and tax policies led to independence and the founding of the United States of AmericaVocabulary – Popular sovereignty, Loyalist, federal republicFocus/Review – What were the chief characteristics of the 13 English colonies? How did growing discontent lead to the American Revolution? How did the new constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment?Page 460
53RevolutionDescribe colonial law, society, and politics in the mid-1700sExplain why conflict between the colonists and Britain increased after 1763Give an example of how Enlightenment ideas were reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution
54The FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 1789-1815 Chapter NINETEEN CHAPTER OVERVIEWOn the Eve of RevolutionCreating a New FranceRadical DaysThe Age of Napoleon BeginsThe End of an EraThe FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON Chapter NINETEEN
55On the Eve of Revolution The Big Idea – Social unrest, economic troubles, and the desire for political reforms led to the French RevolutionVocabulary – Bourgeoisie, deficit spendingFocus/Review – What was the social structure of the old regime? Why did France face economic troubles in 1789? Why did Louis XVI call the Estates General? Why did a Paris crowd storm the Bastille?Page 468
56The French RevolutionDescribe the Old Regime in means of: The First Estate, the Second Estate, and the Third Estate (detail each of their roles in society)What economic troubles did France have in 1789?What issues arose when LouisXVI called the Estates Generalin 1789?What was the significance of thestorming of the Bastille?
57Creating a New FranceThe Big Idea – The National Assembly instituted political and social reforms in the moderate first stage of the revolutionVocabulary – Faction, émigré, republicFocus/Review – How did popular revolts contribute to the French Revolution? What moderate reforms did the National Assembly enact? How did foreign reaction to the revolution help lead to war?Page 473
58Revolt in ParisWhat role did the people of Paris play in the French Revolution?Describe how the National Assembly enacted reform through each of the following: the Declaration of the Rights of an and the Citizen, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, the Constitution of 1791Why did women march on Paris?What reaction did people o outside of France have to e events occurring in France?
59Radical DaysThe Big Idea – A radical phase of the revolution led to the monarchy’s downfall and a time of violence known as the Reign of TerrorVocabulary – Suffrage, secularFocus/Review – why did radicals abolish the monarchy? How did the excesses of the Convention lead to the Directory? What impact did the revolution have on women and daily life?Page 478
60France in ChaosExplain the executions of Louis XVI and Marie AntoinetteWhy did radical revolutionaries oppose the monarchy?Who is Robespierre?Describe The Reign ofTerrorExplain changing rolesfor women in FranceHow did the Revolutionchange daily lives forFrench people?
61The Age of Napoleon Begins The Big Idea – Napoleon rose to power in France and built a vast empire that included much of EuropeVocabulary – Plebiscite, annex, blockadeFocus/Review – How did Napoleon rise to power? How were revolutionary reforms changed under Napoleon? How did Napoleon build an empire in Europe?Page 484
62France Meets Napoleon Describe Napoleon’s rise to power What revolutionary reforms were undone by Napoleon?How did Napoleon preserve some of the principles of the Enlightenment?How did Napoleon come to dominate most of Europe?Why did his efforts to subdue Britain fail?
63The End of an EraThe Big Idea – Napoleon was finally defeated, but revolutionary ideals and the postwar peace settlement affected Europe for many yearsVocabulary – Guerrilla warfare, abdicateFocus/Review – What challenges threatened Napoleon’s empire? What events led to Napoleon’s downfall? What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna?Page 488
64Downfall of NapoleonWhat challenges did Napoleon face in Spain, Austria, and Russia?Describe the downfall of Napoleon including his exile and return as well as the Battle of WaterlooWhat was Napoleon’slegacy?What were the chief goalsof the Congress of Vienna
65THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGINS 1750-1850 Chapter TWENTY CHAPTER OVERVIEWDawn of the Industrial AgeBritain Leads the WayHardships of Early Industrial LifeNew Ways of ThinkingTHE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGINS Chapter TWENTY
66Dawn of the Industrial Age The Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution had an impact on every aspect of life in Western Europe and the United StatesVocabulary – Anesthetic, enclosure, smeltFocus/Review – Why was the Industrial Revolution a turning point in world history? How did an agricultural revolution contribute to population growth? What new technologies helped trigger the Industrial Revolution?Page 498
67Agricultural Revolution Identify and describe the following men: Charles Townshend, Jethro Tull, Thomas Newcomen, James Watt, and Abraham DarbyDescribe how the Industrial Revolution changed daily life, becoming a turning point in historyIdentify three causes of the population explosion in EuropeExplain the impact of steam power and the improved iron
68Britain Leads the WayThe Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution originated in BritainVocabulary – Capital, turnpikeFocus/Review – Why was Britain the starting point for the Industrial Revolution? What changes transformed the textile industry? What new technologies were part of the revolution in trnasportation?Page 501
69Technological GrowthIdentify and describe the following men: John Kay, James Hargreaves, Richard Arkwright, and George StephensonDescribe four factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in BritainHow did the IndustrialRevolution transform thetextile industryHow did transportationimprove in the early 1800s?Give examples
70Hardships of Early Industrial Life The Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution created material benefits as well as social problemsVocabulary – Urbanization, tenement, labor unionFocus/Review – What was life like in the new industrial city? How did the factory system change the way people worked? What benefits and problems did industrialization bring to the working class and the new middle class?Page 505
71Factory City Life What was life like in the new industrial cities? Describe the rigid system of discipline in the factory systemWhat was life like for women workers?What was life like for child laborers?Who were the Luddites and was their mission?Describe MethodismDescribe life for the middle class during the Industrial RevolutionHow was the Industrial Revolution a blessing, how was it a curse?
72New Ways of ThinkingThe Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution fostered new ideas about business and economicsVocabulary – Utilitarianism, socialism, communism, proletariatFocus/Review – What was laissez-faire economics? How did the views of utilitarians differ from those of socialists? What were the ideas of “scientific socialism” introduced by Karl Marx?Page 510
73Social ViewpointsIdentify and describe the following men: Thomas Malthus, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Adam Smith, and David RicardoDescribe Laissez-Faire economicsDescribe utilitarian thoughtsDescribe socialism
74REVOLUTIONS IN EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA 1790-1848 Chapter TWENTY-ONE CHAPTER OVERVIEWAn Age of IdeologiesRevolutions of 1830 and 1848Latin American Wars of IndependenceREVOLUTIONS IN EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA Chapter TWENTY-ONE
75An Age of IdeologiesThe Big Idea – After 1815, the clash of people with opposing ideologies plunged Europe into an era of turmoil that lasted more than 30 yearsVocabulary – Ideology, Universal manhood suffrage, autonomyFocus/Review – What were the goals of conservatives? How did liberalism and nationalism challenge the old order? Why was Europe plagued by revolts after 1815?Page 518
76European Thoughts and Belief Systems Identify the following: Conservatives, liberals, and nationalistsWhat were the goals of conservative leaders?How did the political goals of liberals differ from those of conservatives?How did nationalists threaten the system set up by Metternich?Why did the Serbs and Greeks revolt?Why were there uprisings in Spain, Portugal, and the Italian states?
77Revolutions of 1830 and 1848The Big Idea – Revolutions broke out across Europe in 1830 and 1848, but most failed to achieve their goalsVocabulary – Ultraroyalist, recessionFocus/Review – Why did revolutions occur in France in 1830 and 1848? How did revolution spread in 1830? What were the results of the 1848 revolutions?Page 521
78More French Revolutions Identify and describe the following people: Charles X, Louis Philippe, Louis Napoleon, Louis Kossurth, and Frederick William IVDescribe the Charter of French LibertiesDescribe the Frankfurt AssemblyDescribe the causes and effects of the French Revolution of 1830Describe the causes and effects ofthe French Revolution of 1848To what lands did revolutionspread in 1830? Where theserevolutions successful? Explain
79Latin American Wars of Independence The Big Idea – In the early 1800s, many new nations emerged in Latin America as independence movements freed people from European ruleVocabulary – Peninsular, creole, mestizo, mulattoFocus/Review – What caused discontent in Latin America? How did Haitians, Mexicans, and people in Central America win independence? How did the nations of South America win independence?Page 527
80Gaining IndependenceIdentify the following people: Toussaint L’Ourerture, Miguel Hidalgo, el Grito de Dolores, Jose Morelos, Tupac Amaru, Simon Bolivar, Dom PedroHow did social structures contribute to discontent in Latin America?What was the first step on Haiti’s road to independence?Why did creoles refuse to support Hidalgo or Morelos?How did successful military campaigns lead to the creation of independent nations in South America?