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UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath

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1 UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath

2 The renaissance and reformation 1300-1650 Chapter fourteen
CHAPTER OVERVIEW The Renaissance in Italy The Renaissance Moves North The Protestant Reformation Reformation Ideas Spread The Scientific Revolution The renaissance and reformation Chapter fourteen

The Big Idea – The Renaissance that began in Italy was characterized by an interest in learning and the arts and a desire to explore the human experience Vocabulary – Patron, humanism, perspective Focus/Review – Why were the Italian city-states a favorable setting for a cultural rebirth? What was the Renaissance? What themes and techniques did Renaissance artists and writers explore? Page 336

4 A REBIRTH IN ITALY What made Italy the birth place of the Renaissance?
Who were the Medici’s? What was their contribution to the Renaissance? What was the Renaissance? What areas did it effect in society? Describe how the Renaissance related to humanism Describe the Renaissance as it related to the arts Who were the “three geniuses of Renaissance art”? Give a brief description of each List two Renaissance writers. Give a brief description of both and their writings

The Big Idea – The Renaissance slowly spread to northern Europe, where artists and writers experimented with new methods and ideas Vocabulary – Engraving, vernacular, utopian Focus – Which artists brought the Renaissance to northern Europe? What themes did humanist thinkers and other writers explore? What impact did the printing revolution have on Europe? Page 342

Where did the Northern Renaissance begin? Where did it spread to? Who was the German Leonardo? Describe is life and work Who were the Flemish painters? Describe their works Who were the writers of the Northern Renaissance? Describe their works Who was the inventor of the printing press? Describe it’s importance on society

The Big Idea – The ideas of Martin Luther and John Calvin led people to separate from the Roman Catholic Church and form new Protestant churches Vocabulary – Indulgence, recant, predestination, theocracy Focus/Review – How did abuses in the Church spark widespread criticism? How did Martin Luther challenge Catholic authority and teachings? What role did John Calvin play in the Reformation? Page 346

8 THE REFORMATION Why did many Christians call for Church Reform?
Who was Martin Luther? Describe his 95 Theses What were Luther’s teachings? How did his ideas spread? Who was John Calvin? Explain his Teachings

9 Reformation Ideas Spread
The Big Idea – Both the Protestant and Catholic reformations brought sweeping changes to Europe Vocabulary – Annul, canonize, scapegoat Focus/Review – What ideas did radical reformers support? Why did England form a new church? How did the Catholic Church reform itself? Why did some groups face persecution? Page 351

Describe Henry VIII What was the Council of Trent ? Describe the Inquisition What role did Jews play in the Reformation? Why were the Anabaptists considered radical? Describe the steps by which England became a Protestant country What were the goals of the Catholic Reformation? Why did persecution increase after the Reformation?

11 The Scientific Revolution
The Big Idea – A new way of thinking, based on experimentation and observation, changed the way Europeans looked at the world Vocabulary – Heliocentric, hypothesis Focus/Review – How did astronomers change the way people viewed the universe? What was the new scientific method? What advances did Newton and other scientist make? Page 356

Why did some people oppose the heliocentric theory of the universe? How did the scientific method differ from earlier approaches? How did Newton try to explain the workings of the universe?

CHAPTER OVERVIEW The Search for Spices Diverse Traditions of Southeast Asia European Footholds in Southeast Asia and India Encounters in East Asia THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE AND ASIA Chapter FIFTEEN

14 The Search for Spices The Big Idea – A desire to share in the rich spice trade of the East spurred Europeans to explore the oceans Vocabulary – Cartographer, astrolabe, caravel, circumnavigate Focus/Review – Why did Europeans cross the seas? How did Portugal’s eastward explorations lead to the development of a trading empire? How did Columbus’s voyages affect the search for a passage to the Indies? Page 364

15 IN SEARCH OF SPICE What motives and means did Europeans have for exploration? How and why did Portugal lead the way for sea exploration? Describe Christopher Columbus. What was he in search of? What was his legacy? Explain the importance of F Ferdinand Magellan What is the Northwest Passage?

16 Diverse Traditions of Southeast Asia
The Big Idea – Because of its location, Southeast Asia was affected by the cultures of both China and India Vocabulary – Matrillineal, stupa, padi Focus/Review – What are the key geographic features of Southeast Asia? What impact did Indian civilization have on new kingdoms and empires? What factors contributed to the growth of Vietnamese culture? Page 369

17 SOUTHEAST ASIA How did geography make Southeast Asia of strategic importance? Describe Pagan Kingdom Describe the Khmer Empire Describe the Srivijaya Empire How did China influence Vietnam? How did Vietnam preserve its identity?

18 European Footholds in Southeast Asia and India
The Big Idea – Europeans used military power to build trading empires in southeast Asia Vocabulary – Outpost, sepoy Focus/Review – How did the Portuguese and the Dutch build empires in the East? How did Spain control the Philippines? How did the decline of Mughal India affect European traders? Page 373

How did the Portuguese gain control of the spice trade? How were the Portuguese challenged by the Dutch? Why was Spain easily able to conquer the Philippines? Why did Spain want to control the island of the Philippians? Why did Mughal power decline? What effect did the decline have on France and Britain?

20 Encounters in East Asia
The Big Idea – China, Korea, and Japan limited contact with western nations Vocabulary – NONE ;) Focus/Review – How was European trade with China affected by the Manchu conquest? What factors led Korea to isolate itself from other nations? What attitude did the Tokugawa shoguns have toward foreign traders? Page 377

21 EAST MEETS WEST Describe European trade with China
Why did Korea pursue a policy of isolation? What was the Japanese policy on trade and foreigners? Why did it change over time?

22 CHAPTER OVERVIEW Conquest in the Americas Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas Struggle for North America Turbulent Centuries in Africa Changes in Europe THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE: EUROPE, THE AMERICAS, AND AFRICA Chapter sixteen

23 Conquest in the Americas
The Big Idea – Various factors enabled the Spanish to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires Vocabulary – Conquistador, alliance Focus/Review – What were the results of the first encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans? Page 386

Describe Cortes and his take over of the Aztec civilization Describe Pizarro and how he took over the Incan empire How did divisions within the Aztec and Incan empires help the Spanish

25 Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas
The Big Idea – Native American, African, and European traditions blended to form new cultures in the Americas Vocabulary – viceroy, plantation, encomienda, peon, peninsular, Creole, mestizo, mulatto, privateer Focus/Review – How did Spain rule its empire in the Americas? What were the chief features of colonial society and culture? How did Portugal and other European nations challenge Spanish power? Page 389

26 South American Colonial Society
Describe how the Catholic Church influenced Spanish conquest What was the Spanish economy based on? Describe the life and times of Bartolome de las Casas, including his link ties to slavery Describe colonial society in terms of social structure and cities education and cultural blending

27 Struggle for North America
The Big Idea – France and England set up colonies and competed for dominance in North America Vocabulary – Missionary, compact Focus/Review – What problems did settlers in New France face? What traditions of government evolved in the 13 English colonies? How did competition for power affect Europeans and Native Americans? Page 394

28 Colonies in North America
Why did New France grow slowly? What were the early years of English settlement like in America? What allowed them to eventually grow? Describe British colonial government Explain the rivalry between the British and the French What did the 1763 Treaty of Paris accomplish? What impact did European settlements have on Native American?

29 Turbulent Centuries in Africa
The Big Idea – The Atlantic slave trade, the rise of new states, and power struggles, created turbulence in Africa Vocabulary – Triangular trade, monopoly Focus/Review – How did the arrival of Europeans in Africa lead to the Atlantic slave trade? How did the slave trade contribute to the rise of new African states? What groups battled for power in southern Africa? Page 398

30 Atlantic Slave Trade Explain the origins of the African slave trade
What was the network known as triangular trade? Describe the horrors of the Middle Passage Who was King Alfonso? How did he and other leaders try to slow the African slave trade? What was the impact of the African slave trade? Describe the way of rule in the Asante Kingdom Describe the Shaka and the Zulus Describe the friction between the Boers and the Zulus

31 Changes in Europe The Big Idea – European exploration and increased trade stimulated a global exchange, a commercial revolution, and other changes in Europe Vocabulary – Inflation, capitalism, joint stock company, mercantilism, tariff Focus/Review – How did European explorations lead to a global exchange? What impact did the commercial revolution and mercantilism have on European economies? How did these changes affect ordinary people? Page 403

32 Global Commercial Revolution
Describe the Columbian Exchange What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on population Describe the impact the following had on the commercial revolution: price changes and the Growth of capitalism Describe the impact the following had on the commercial revolution: new business methods and bypassing the guilds Explain Mercantilism What was life like for ordinary Europeans in America?

33 THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM 1550-1800 Chapter seventeen
CHAPTER OVERVIEW Extending Spanish Power France Under Louis XIV Triumph of Parliament in England Rise of Austria and Prussia Absolute Monarchy in Russia THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM Chapter seventeen

34 Extending Spanish Power
The Big Idea – Philip II extended Spain’s power and helped establish a golden age Vocabulary – Absolute monarch, armada Focus/Review – How did Spanish power increase under Charles V and Philip II? How did the arts flourish during Spain’s golden age? Why did the Spanish economy decline in the 1600s? Page 412

35 Charles V and Philip II Rulers Devine
Describe the life and times of Charles V Describe the life and times of Philip II Detail the wars of Philip II Why is the period from 1150 to considered Spain’s golden age? Why did Spanish power and prosperity decline?

36 France Under Louis XIV The Big Idea – Under the absolute rule of Louis XIV, France became the leading power of Europe Vocabulary – Intendant, balance of power Focus/Review – How did France rebuild after its wars of religion? How did Louis XIV strengthen royal power? What successes and failures did Louis XIV experience? Page 416

37 Louis XIV Describe the life and times of Louis XIV
What was Versailles, and how did it become a symbol of French power? Where were the successes and failures of Louis XIV’s reign?

38 Triumph of Parliament in England
The Big Idea – During the 1600s, the British Parliament asserted its rights against royal claims to absolute power Vocabulary – Dissenter, habeas corpus, limited monarchy Focus/Review – How did the Tudors and the Stuarts differ in their relations with Parliament? How did the English Civil War lead to the rise of the Commonwealth? What were the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution? Page 421

39 The Tudors and the Stuarts
Describe the Tudors Describe the Stuarts Explain the causes of the English Civil War Describe the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution

40 Rise of Austria and Prussia
The Big Idea – Two great empires, Austria and Prussia, rose out of the ashes of the Thirty Years’ War Vocabulary – Elector, mercenary, depopulation Focus/Review – What were the causes and results of the Thirty Years’ War? How did Austria and Prussia emerge as great powers? How did European diplomats try to maintain a balance of power? Page 427

41 Austria, Prussia, and War
Detail the Thirty Years’ War, and the impact it had on German states Who was Maria Theresa? Explain her importance Describe the rise of Prussia Who was Frederick II? Why was he important? Why did European nations seek a balance of power? What methods did they use?

42 Absolute Monarchy in Russia
The Big Idea – Czar Peter the Great and his successor, Catherine the Great, strengthened Russia and expanded Russian territory Vocabulary – Westernization, boyar, partition Focus/Review – How did Peter the Great try to make Russia into a modern state? What steps did Peter take to expand Russia’s borders? How did Catherine the Great strengthen Russia? Page 431

43 Peter and Catherine the Great
Describe the life and times of Peter the Great How did Russia expand under his rule? Describe the life and times of Catherine the Great Describe her policies


45 CHAPTER OVERVIEW Philosophy in the Age of Reason Enlightenment Ideas Spread Britain at Mid-Century Birth of the American Republic The ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Chapter Eighteen

46 Philosophy in the Age of Reason
The Big Idea – Enlightenment thinkers tried to apply reason and the laws of nature to human society Vocabulary – Natural law, social contract, natural right, physiocrat, laissez faire Focus/Review – How did scientific progress promote trust in human reason? How did the social contract and separation of powers affect views on government? How did new ideas affect society and the economy? Page 446

47 Enlightened Thought Describe Thomas Hobbes enlightened thoughts
Describe John Locke’s enlightened thoughts Describe the enlightened thoughts of Jean- Jacques Rousseau Describe the enlightened thoughts of Denis Diderot Describe the enlightened thoughts of Adam Smith What role did women play in the enlightenment?

48 Enlightenment Ideas Spread
The Big Idea – Enlightenment ideas spread across Europe and prompted some rulers to make reform Vocabulary – Salon, enlightened despot, baroque, rococo Focus/Review – What roles did censorship and salons play in the spread of new ideas? How did philosophes influence enlightened despots? How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature? Why were the lives of the majority unaffected? Page 451

49 Everyone Wants to be Enlightened
Describe the importance of salons to the Enlightenment Describe each of the following Enlightened despots in detail: Frederick the Great, Catherine the great, Joseph II Describe Enlightened arts Describe Enlightened literature How did the Enlightenment affect the lives of the majority?

50 Britain at Mid-Century
The Big Idea – Britain's Island location, colonial possessions, and powerful navy contributed to its rise to world power Vocabulary – Constitutional government, cabinet, prime minister, oligarchy Focus/Review – What influences spurred Britain’s rise to global power? How did the growth of constitutional government reflect conditions in politics and society? How did George III reassert royal power? Page 456

51 Constitutional Governments
Explain how each of the following contributed to Britain's rise to global power: Geography, success in war, attitudes towards business and commerce How did the British cabinet and office of prime minister develop? What goals did George III have when he became king?

52 Birth of the American Republic
The Big Idea – Colonial opposition to British trade and tax policies led to independence and the founding of the United States of America Vocabulary – Popular sovereignty, Loyalist, federal republic Focus/Review – What were the chief characteristics of the 13 English colonies? How did growing discontent lead to the American Revolution? How did the new constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment? Page 460

53 Revolution Describe colonial law, society, and politics in the mid-1700s Explain why conflict between the colonists and Britain increased after 1763 Give an example of how Enlightenment ideas were reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution

CHAPTER OVERVIEW On the Eve of Revolution Creating a New France Radical Days The Age of Napoleon Begins The End of an Era The FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON Chapter NINETEEN

55 On the Eve of Revolution
The Big Idea – Social unrest, economic troubles, and the desire for political reforms led to the French Revolution Vocabulary – Bourgeoisie, deficit spending Focus/Review – What was the social structure of the old regime? Why did France face economic troubles in 1789? Why did Louis XVI call the Estates General? Why did a Paris crowd storm the Bastille? Page 468

56 The French Revolution Describe the Old Regime in means of: The First Estate, the Second Estate, and the Third Estate (detail each of their roles in society) What economic troubles did France have in 1789? What issues arose when Louis XVI called the Estates General in 1789? What was the significance of the storming of the Bastille?

57 Creating a New France The Big Idea – The National Assembly instituted political and social reforms in the moderate first stage of the revolution Vocabulary – Faction, émigré, republic Focus/Review – How did popular revolts contribute to the French Revolution? What moderate reforms did the National Assembly enact? How did foreign reaction to the revolution help lead to war? Page 473

58 Revolt in Paris What role did the people of Paris play in the French Revolution? Describe how the National Assembly enacted reform through each of the following: the Declaration of the Rights of an and the Citizen, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, the Constitution of 1791 Why did women march on Paris? What reaction did people o outside of France have to e events occurring in France?

59 Radical Days The Big Idea – A radical phase of the revolution led to the monarchy’s downfall and a time of violence known as the Reign of Terror Vocabulary – Suffrage, secular Focus/Review – why did radicals abolish the monarchy? How did the excesses of the Convention lead to the Directory? What impact did the revolution have on women and daily life? Page 478

60 France in Chaos Explain the executions of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Why did radical revolutionaries oppose the monarchy? Who is Robespierre? Describe The Reign of Terror Explain changing roles for women in France How did the Revolution change daily lives for French people?

61 The Age of Napoleon Begins
The Big Idea – Napoleon rose to power in France and built a vast empire that included much of Europe Vocabulary – Plebiscite, annex, blockade Focus/Review – How did Napoleon rise to power? How were revolutionary reforms changed under Napoleon? How did Napoleon build an empire in Europe? Page 484

62 France Meets Napoleon Describe Napoleon’s rise to power
What revolutionary reforms were undone by Napoleon? How did Napoleon preserve some of the principles of the Enlightenment? How did Napoleon come to dominate most of Europe? Why did his efforts to subdue Britain fail?

63 The End of an Era The Big Idea – Napoleon was finally defeated, but revolutionary ideals and the postwar peace settlement affected Europe for many years Vocabulary – Guerrilla warfare, abdicate Focus/Review – What challenges threatened Napoleon’s empire? What events led to Napoleon’s downfall? What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna? Page 488

64 Downfall of Napoleon What challenges did Napoleon face in Spain, Austria, and Russia? Describe the downfall of Napoleon including his exile and return as well as the Battle of Waterloo What was Napoleon’s legacy? What were the chief goals of the Congress of Vienna

CHAPTER OVERVIEW Dawn of the Industrial Age Britain Leads the Way Hardships of Early Industrial Life New Ways of Thinking THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGINS Chapter TWENTY

66 Dawn of the Industrial Age
The Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution had an impact on every aspect of life in Western Europe and the United States Vocabulary – Anesthetic, enclosure, smelt Focus/Review – Why was the Industrial Revolution a turning point in world history? How did an agricultural revolution contribute to population growth? What new technologies helped trigger the Industrial Revolution? Page 498

67 Agricultural Revolution
Identify and describe the following men: Charles Townshend, Jethro Tull, Thomas Newcomen, James Watt, and Abraham Darby Describe how the Industrial Revolution changed daily life, becoming a turning point in history Identify three causes of the population explosion in Europe Explain the impact of steam power and the improved iron

68 Britain Leads the Way The Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution originated in Britain Vocabulary – Capital, turnpike Focus/Review – Why was Britain the starting point for the Industrial Revolution? What changes transformed the textile industry? What new technologies were part of the revolution in trnasportation? Page 501

69 Technological Growth Identify and describe the following men: John Kay, James Hargreaves, Richard Arkwright, and George Stephenson Describe four factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in Britain How did the Industrial Revolution transform the textile industry How did transportation improve in the early 1800s? Give examples

70 Hardships of Early Industrial Life
The Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution created material benefits as well as social problems Vocabulary – Urbanization, tenement, labor union Focus/Review – What was life like in the new industrial city? How did the factory system change the way people worked? What benefits and problems did industrialization bring to the working class and the new middle class? Page 505

71 Factory City Life What was life like in the new industrial cities?
Describe the rigid system of discipline in the factory system What was life like for women workers? What was life like for child laborers? Who were the Luddites and was their mission? Describe Methodism Describe life for the middle class during the Industrial Revolution How was the Industrial Revolution a blessing, how was it a curse?

72 New Ways of Thinking The Big Idea – The Industrial Revolution fostered new ideas about business and economics Vocabulary – Utilitarianism, socialism, communism, proletariat Focus/Review – What was laissez-faire economics? How did the views of utilitarians differ from those of socialists? What were the ideas of “scientific socialism” introduced by Karl Marx? Page 510

73 Social Viewpoints Identify and describe the following men: Thomas Malthus, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Adam Smith, and David Ricardo Describe Laissez-Faire economics Describe utilitarian thoughts Describe socialism

CHAPTER OVERVIEW An Age of Ideologies Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 Latin American Wars of Independence REVOLUTIONS IN EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA Chapter TWENTY-ONE

75 An Age of Ideologies The Big Idea – After 1815, the clash of people with opposing ideologies plunged Europe into an era of turmoil that lasted more than 30 years Vocabulary – Ideology, Universal manhood suffrage, autonomy Focus/Review – What were the goals of conservatives? How did liberalism and nationalism challenge the old order? Why was Europe plagued by revolts after 1815? Page 518

76 European Thoughts and Belief Systems
Identify the following: Conservatives, liberals, and nationalists What were the goals of conservative leaders? How did the political goals of liberals differ from those of conservatives? How did nationalists threaten the system set up by Metternich? Why did the Serbs and Greeks revolt? Why were there uprisings in Spain, Portugal, and the Italian states?

77 Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 The Big Idea – Revolutions broke out across Europe in 1830 and 1848, but most failed to achieve their goals Vocabulary – Ultraroyalist, recession Focus/Review – Why did revolutions occur in France in 1830 and 1848? How did revolution spread in 1830? What were the results of the 1848 revolutions? Page 521

78 More French Revolutions
Identify and describe the following people: Charles X, Louis Philippe, Louis Napoleon, Louis Kossurth, and Frederick William IV Describe the Charter of French Liberties Describe the Frankfurt Assembly Describe the causes and effects of the French Revolution of 1830 Describe the causes and effects of the French Revolution of 1848 To what lands did revolution spread in 1830? Where these revolutions successful? Explain

79 Latin American Wars of Independence
The Big Idea – In the early 1800s, many new nations emerged in Latin America as independence movements freed people from European rule Vocabulary – Peninsular, creole, mestizo, mulatto Focus/Review – What caused discontent in Latin America? How did Haitians, Mexicans, and people in Central America win independence? How did the nations of South America win independence? Page 527

80 Gaining Independence Identify the following people: Toussaint L’Ourerture, Miguel Hidalgo, el Grito de Dolores, Jose Morelos, Tupac Amaru, Simon Bolivar, Dom Pedro How did social structures contribute to discontent in Latin America? What was the first step on Haiti’s road to independence? Why did creoles refuse to support Hidalgo or Morelos? How did successful military campaigns lead to the creation of independent nations in South America?

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