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UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath. CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. The Renaissance in Italy 2. The Renaissance Moves North 3. The Protestant Reformation 4. Reformation.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath. CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. The Renaissance in Italy 2. The Renaissance Moves North 3. The Protestant Reformation 4. Reformation."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT ONE World History Ms. Horvath

2 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. The Renaissance in Italy 2. The Renaissance Moves North 3. The Protestant Reformation 4. Reformation Ideas Spread 5. The Scientific Revolution


4 A REBIRTH IN ITALY  What made Italy the birth place of the Renaissance?  Who were the Medici’s? What was their contribution to the Renaissance?  What was the Renaissance? What areas did it effect in society?  Describe how the Renaissance related to humanism  Describe the Renaissance as it related to the arts  Who were the “three geniuses of Renaissance art”? Give a brief description of each  List two Renaissance writers. Give a brief description of both and their writings


6 THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE  Where did the Northern Renaissance begin? Where did it spread to?  Who was the German Leonardo? Describe is life and work  Who were the Flemish painters? Describe their works  Who were the writers of the Northern Renaissance? Describe their works  Who was the inventor of the printing press? Describe it’s importance on society


8 THE REFORMATION  Why did many Christians call for Church Reform?  Who was Martin Luther? Describe his 95 Theses  What were Luther’s teachings? How did his ideas spread?  Who was John Calvin? Explain his Teachings


10 CATHOLICS AND PERSECUTION  Describe Henry VIII  What was the Council of Trent ?  Describe the Inquisition  What role did Jews play in the Reformation?  Why were the Anabaptists considered radical?  Describe the steps by which England became a Protestant country  What were the goals of the Catholic Reformation?  Why did persecution increase after the Reformation?


12 SCIENTIFIC ADVANCEMENTS  Why did some people oppose the heliocentric theory of the universe?  How did the scientific method differ from earlier approaches?  How did Newton try to explain the workings of the universe?

13 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. The Search for Spices 2. Diverse Traditions of Southeast Asia 3. European Footholds in Southeast Asia and India 4. Encounters in East Asia


15 IN SEARCH OF SPICE  What motives and means did Europeans have for exploration?  How and why did Portugal lead the way for sea exploration?  Describe Christopher Columbus. What was he in search of? What was his legacy?  Explain the importance of F Ferdinand Magellan  What is the Northwest Passage?


17 SOUTHEAST ASIA  How did geography make Southeast Asia of strategic importance?  Describe Pagan Kingdom  Describe the Khmer Empire  Describe the Srivijaya Empire  How did China influence Vietnam? How did Vietnam preserve its identity?


19 THE PORTUGUESE, THE DUTCH, AND THE INDIANS  How did the Portuguese gain control of the spice trade?  How were the Portuguese challenged by the Dutch?  Why was Spain easily able to conquer the Philippines?  Why did Spain want to control the island of the Philippians?  Why did Mughal power decline?  What effect did the decline have on France and Britain?


21 EAST MEETS WEST  Describe European trade with China  Why did Korea pursue a policy of isolation?  What was the Japanese policy on trade and foreigners? Why did it change over time?

22 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. Conquest in the Americas 2. Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas 3. Struggle for North America 4. Turbulent Centuries in Africa 5. Changes in Europe


24 FOREIGNERS INVADE THE AMERICAS  Describe Cortes and his take over of the Aztec civilization  Describe Pizarro and how he took over the Incan empire  How did divisions within the Aztec and Incan empires help the Spanish


26 South American Colonial Society  Describe how the Catholic Church influenced Spanish conquest  What was the Spanish economy based on?  Describe the life and times of Bartolome de las Casas, including his link ties to slavery  Describe colonial society in terms of social structure and cities  Describe colonial society in terms of education and cultural blending


28 Colonies in North America  Why did New France grow slowly?  What were the early years of English settlement like in America? What allowed them to eventually grow?  Describe British colonial government  Explain the rivalry between the British and the French  What did the 1763 Treaty of Paris accomplish?  What impact did European settlements have on Native American?


30 Atlantic Slave Trade  Explain the origins of the African slave trade  What was the network known as triangular trade?  Describe the horrors of the Middle Passage  Who was King Alfonso? How did he and other leaders try to slow the African slave trade?  What was the impact of the African slave trade?  Describe the way of rule in the Asante Kingdom  Describe the Shaka and the Zulus  Describe the friction between the Boers and the Zulus


32 Global Commercial Revolution  Describe the Columbian Exchange  What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on population  Describe the impact the following had on the commercial revolution: price changes and the Growth of capitalism Describe the impact the following had on the commercial revolution: new business methods and bypassing the guilds Explain Mercantilism What was life like for ordinary Europeans in America?

33 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. Extending Spanish Power 2. France Under Louis XIV 3. Triumph of Parliament in England 4. Rise of Austria and Prussia 5. Absolute Monarchy in Russia


35 Charles V and Philip II Rulers Devine  Describe the life and times of Charles V  Describe the life and times of Philip II  Detail the wars of Philip II  Why is the period from 1150 to 1650 considered Spain’s golden age?  Why did Spanish power and prosperity decline?


37 Louis XIV  Describe the life and times of Louis XIV  What was Versailles, and how did it become a symbol of French power?  Where were the successes and failures of Louis XIV’s reign?


39 The Tudors and the Stuarts  Describe the Tudors  Describe the Stuarts  Explain the causes of the English Civil War  Describe the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution


41 Austria, Prussia, and War  Detail the Thirty Years’ War, and the impact it had on German states  Who was Maria Theresa? Explain her importance  Describe the rise of Prussia  Who was Frederick II? Why was he important?  Why did European nations seek a balance of power? What methods did they use? 


43 Peter and Catherine the Great  Describe the life and times of Peter the Great  How did Russia expand under his rule?  Describe the life and times of Catherine the Great  Describe her policies


45 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. Philosophy in the Age of Reason 2. Enlightenment Ideas Spread 3. Britain at Mid-Century 4. Birth of the American Republic


47 Enlightened Thought  Describe Thomas Hobbes enlightened thoughts  Describe John Locke’s enlightened thoughts  Describe the enlightened thoughts of Jean- Jacques Rousseau  Describe the enlightened thoughts of Denis Diderot  Describe the enlightened thoughts of Adam Smith  What role did women play in the enlightenment?


49 Everyone Wants to be Enlightened  Describe the importance of salons to the Enlightenment  Describe each of the following Enlightened despots in detail: Frederick the Great, Catherine the great, Joseph II  Describe Enlightened arts  Describe Enlightened literature  How did the Enlightenment affect the lives of the majority?


51 Constitutional Governments  Explain how each of the following contributed to Britain's rise to global power: Geography, success in war, attitudes towards business and commerce  How did the British cabinet and office of prime minister develop? What goals did George III have when he became king?


53 Revolution  Describe colonial law, society, and politics in the mid-1700s  Explain why conflict between the colonists and Britain increased after 1763  Give an example of how Enlightenment ideas were reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution

54 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. On the Eve of Revolution 2. Creating a New France 3. Radical Days 4. The Age of Napoleon Begins 5. The End of an Era


56 The French Revolution  Describe the Old Regime in means of: The First Estate, the Second Estate, and the Third Estate (detail each of their roles in society)  What economic troubles did France have in 1789?  What issues arose when Louis XVI called the Estates General in 1789?  What was the significance of the storming of the Bastille?


58 Revolt in Paris  What role did the people of Paris play in the French Revolution?  Describe how the National Assembly enacted reform through each of the following: the Declaration of the Rights of an and the Citizen, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, the Constitution of 1791  Why did women march on Paris?  What reaction did people o outside of France have to e events occurring in France?


60 France in Chaos  Explain the executions of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette  Why did radical revolutionaries oppose the monarchy?  Who is Robespierre?  Describe The Reign of Terror  Explain changing roles for women in France  How did the Revolution change daily lives for French people?


62 France Meets Napoleon  Describe Napoleon’s rise to power  What revolutionary reforms were undone by Napoleon?  How did Napoleon preserve some of the principles of the Enlightenment?  How did Napoleon come to dominate most of Europe?  Why did his efforts to subdue Britain fail?


64 Downfall of Napoleon  What challenges did Napoleon face in Spain, Austria, and Russia?  Describe the downfall of Napoleon including his exile and return as well as the Battle of Waterloo  What was Napoleon’s legacy?  What were the chief goals of the Congress of Vienna

65 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. Dawn of the Industrial Age 2. Britain Leads the Way 3. Hardships of Early Industrial Life 4. New Ways of Thinking


67 Agricultural Revolution  Identify and describe the following men: Charles Townshend, Jethro Tull, Thomas Newcomen, James Watt, and Abraham Darby  Describe how the Industrial Revolution changed daily life, becoming a turning point in history  Identify three causes of the population explosion in Europe  Explain the impact of steam power and the improved iron


69 Technological Growth  Identify and describe the following men: John Kay, James Hargreaves, Richard Arkwright, and George Stephenson  Describe four factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in Britain  How did the Industrial Revolution transform the textile industry  How did transportation improve in the early 1800s? Give examples


71 Factory City Life  What was life like in the new industrial cities?  Describe the rigid system of discipline in the factory system  What was life like for women workers?  What was life like for child laborers?  Who were the Luddites and was their mission?  Describe Methodism  Describe life for the middle class during the Industrial Revolution  How was the Industrial Revolution a blessing, how was it a curse?


73 Social Viewpoints  Identify and describe the following men: Thomas Malthus, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Adam Smith, and David Ricardo  Describe Laissez-Faire economics  Describe utilitarian thoughts  Describe socialism

74 CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1. An Age of Ideologies 2. Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 3. Latin American Wars of Independence


76 European Thoughts and Belief Systems  Identify the following: Conservatives, liberals, and nationalists  What were the goals of conservative leaders?  How did the political goals of liberals differ from those of conservatives?  How did nationalists threaten the system set up by Metternich?  Why did the Serbs and Greeks revolt?  Why were there uprisings in Spain, Portugal, and the Italian states?


78 More French Revolutions  Identify and describe the following people: Charles X, Louis Philippe, Louis Napoleon, Louis Kossurth, and Frederick William IV  Describe the Charter of French Liberties  Describe the Frankfurt Assembly  Describe the causes and effects of the French Revolution of 1830  Describe the causes and effects of the French Revolution of 1848  To what lands did revolution spread in 1830? Where these revolutions successful? Explain


80 Gaining Independence  Identify the following people: Toussaint L’Ourerture, Miguel Hidalgo, el Grito de Dolores, Jose Morelos, Tupac Amaru, Simon Bolivar, Dom Pedro  How did social structures contribute to discontent in Latin America?  What was the first step on Haiti’s road to independence?  Why did creoles refuse to support Hidalgo or Morelos?  How did successful military campaigns lead to the creation of independent nations in South America?

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