Presentation on theme: "Artificial Insemination. History: Arab chieftain tale Antony van Leeuwenhook, Dutch inventor of the microscope, was the first person to observe sperm."— Presentation transcript:
History: Arab chieftain tale Antony van Leeuwenhook, Dutch inventor of the microscope, was the first person to observe sperm under magnification.Antony van Leeuwenhook, Dutch inventor of the microscope, was the first person to observe sperm under magnification. In 1780, Lazzaro Spallanzani, an Italian physiologist, was the first to record the successful use of AI in his work with dogs and is considered the inventor of AI.
Ivanoff of Russia pioneered AI research in birds, horses, cattle, and sheep in He was the first to successfully inseminate cattle artificially. AI was first used on a large scale by Russia to reestablish its livestock industry following World War I and Britain used it for the same purpose following World War II.
Why AI? 1.Increase Production 2.Proves more sires 3.Eliminates danger and expense of keeping bulls and total bulls needed 4.Helps control disease 5.Prolongs service life of sires 6.Reduces injury 7.Improves management with better record keeping 8.Allows crossbreeding to be used to a max 9.Decreases overall sire costs
Why not AI? Human Detection of Heat Requires a skilled tech May be subject to abuses May accentuate poor traits
The head is of great importance because it contains the chromosomes (DNA).
The neck is short and contains the anterior centromere. The body is approximately the same length as the head. The lashing of the tail causes the sperm to move.
Although minor differences occur in their sizes, all spermatozoa are extremely small (much smaller than the egg cells, or ova).
Methods of semen collection: Artificial vagina
Electrical stimulation: Electrode in the rectum
Massage of the Ampullae insert the hand into the rectum and massages the ampullae and accessory glands, causing semen to drip from the sheath. may be contaminated with urine and may contain too much accessory gland secretion for the number of sperm present.may be contaminated with urine and may contain too much accessory gland secretion for the number of sperm present.
Semen recovery from the vagina the semen in the anterior vagina is aspirated into a syringe by means of a glass or rubber catheter introduced into the vagina Usually mixed with female secretions Spreads disease quickly
Dilute semen Species Bull1:2005 cc15 million Stallion cc250 million Boar1: cc2 million Ram1:10.5 cc50 million Semen Dilution RatioVolume of Semen Needed per Service Number of Sperm per Insemination Volume of Semen & Concentration Per Insemination
AI equipment: Semen straw: holds the semen; has an end plugged with cotton and another sealed end
Semen Tank Keeps semen frozen at -320 degrees F Canes: sit in canister and hold straws Canister: holds canes
Tweezers: used to extract semen straws out of canes and put in thaw box (need to be plastic) Thaw Box: fill with water and heat to 95 degrees F Cito Straw Cutter: clips crimped the end of the straw
Gun: holds the semen straw Spiret: used to screw into sows vagina to deposit semen
Sheath: protective covering O-ring: holds sheath in place Speculum: opens up the vagina to locate the cervix
Other equipment needed: Paper towels Gloves KY jelly