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Presentation on theme: "MARRIAGE IN INDIA."— Presentation transcript:


2 INTRODUCTION India is a land of diversity. Each state of India has its exclusive lifestyle. The people from each state differ from each other in customs, rituals, attire, and most prominently in their systems of marriage. In this presentation we would like to project the different types of Indian Marriages, which include North Indian , South Indian, Bengali, Christian as well as Muslim marriages which are all unique in its own way.

3 PUNJABI WEDDING Punjabi Wedding traditions and ceremonies are traditionally conducted in Punjabi and are a strong reflection of Punjabi culture. The Punjabi wedding has many rituals and ceremonies that have evolved since traditional times including many famous Punjabi dances.

4 PRE WEDDING RITUALS Mangni The engagement or Mangni Sagai
is usually very high profile. The girl’s side of the family goes to the boy’s side with gifts to confirm the engagement. Sagai In this ceremony, the girls family visits The boy’s with a few grains of rice and saffron and gifts. In return, the girl’s family receives baskets of seven dry fruits. This function is sealed by exchange of rings. Mehndi The last function before wedding is mehndi, the Mehndi sent by the mother-in-law is applied on The hands and feet of the bride. the female Family members also apply mehndi on their palms. Dholki or Sangeet This function is hosted by the bride’s family where girls play dholki and sing traditional songs.

WEDDING RITUALS RITUALS AT BRIDE’S HOME - Haldi In this ritual, turmeric paste and mustard oil is applied all over the girl’s body by female friends and relatives. This is done to make the girl look more beautiful on the special day of her life. After this ritual, the bride and the groom are not allowed to meet till the wedding. Chura Chura ceremony is the first ritual in the bride’s house on the wedding day. Chura is a set of red and cream ivory bangles. People touch the Chura and give their heartiest wishes for the bride’s Married life after which the girls family tie silver and Gold ornaments to the chura worn by the girl. Rut Jugga In this ceremony, the family dancer and sing in the beautifully decorated wedding room. They decorate copper or brass vessel called “gagger” and fill them with mustard oil and light them. The bride or Bridegroom’s maternal aunt carries it on her head.

Sehrabandi In this ritual, the groom’s sister ties the sehra on the groom’s head. After the completion of this ceremony, people give gifts and money to the Groom as a token of good luck. Sarbala A young nephew also dons a similar attire Like the groom. He is called the sarbala or Caretaker of the groom and accompanies him. Ghodi Charana In this ceremony, the groom climbs on the horse and leaves for the Wedding venue.

7 Milni Phere This takes place in front of the sacred fire. Mangalsutra The groom ties this in the bride’s neck. Sindoor Daan In this ritual, groom applies sindoor to the girl’s hair partition. Vidaai Vidaai is the departure of the bride from her parents’ house.


9 Introduction The people of the state of West Bengal in India are called Bengalis. A Bengali wedding includes many rituals and ceremonies that spans for several days and are celebrated in great pomp and grandeur. In most, it starts with an Aiburo bhat and ends with Ostomongola (returning of newly wed daughter to her parent’s house 8 days after the marriage) ceremony. The following slides present a brief description of the Bengali Wedding. Previously a bride was carried to the place of Marriage in a palanquin.

10 Rituals of Bengali Marriage
On the marriage day: Dodhi Mongol: Before sunrise of the marriage day, both the bride and groom are fed a mixture of sweets, card and khoi because they would be fasting for the rest of the day until marriage After this, the women relatives of both families visit their nearby water bodies, preferably Ganga( the holiest river of India) to fetch water for the rituals and to invite Goddess Ganga to the wedding and also to be the witness of the marriage. Gaye Holud: There is one Turmeric Ceremony for both bride and groom. For the bride’s gaye holud, the groom’s family- except the groom himself go in procession to the bride’s home. They carry with them the bride’s outfit, wedding decoration including turmeric paste that had been touched by the groom sweets and gifts along with a large Rohu fish. After the turmeric ceremony the bride and the groom are bathed by water. Turmeric Ceremony (gaye holud)

11 Rituals (continued) The Wedding Ceremony: It follows the gaye holud. It is arranged by the bride’s family and the groom with his family and friends arrive late in the evening. The wedding starts with purohits(conductors of the marriage) chanting Sanskrit mantras along with the bride’s father. While the groom attend the ceremonies from the beginning, the bride joins in much later all dressed up in beautiful sari and jewelleries after she is brought by her brothers and friends seated on a wooden seat(piri). Then, the bride and groom exchange garlands. After which the bride’s father bestows all the responsibilities of the bride to the groom who will be her guardian from then. Finally occurs the sindoor dan where the bride’s forehead turns red by the sindoor (a red powder) given by the groom. It is only after then they are socially accepted as married. These ceremonies are followed by great feast where several famous Bengali dishes are served to the guests. After all this, the couple sits side-byside and cannot open the knot by which they are tied together and they are entertained by many dances and songs performed by their family members especially the younger ones. Sindoor daan

12 This is the ceremony that takes place on next
Day evening when the bride leaves for the groom’s house. Bashi Biye On reaching the groom’s house, the couple is welcomed by the groom’s mother and other family members, a ritual known as “Bouboron’. The bride is then asked to enter the house with her feet dipped in alta and her footprints are regarded as those of Laxmi.

13 Bashi Biye is followed by Bou Bhat.
In her new home, the bride serves ghee and bhat to all her in-laws at lunch. Bou Bhat Reception The evening of Bou Bhat is celebrated as a reception party where all the distant relatives of the groom along with the close ones are introduced to the bride. The bride’s family members also known as “Kanyayatris” bring gifts of clothes, jewelleries, sweets and other essentials for bride and her in-laws which is known as “tatwo”. Phool Sojja This is the flower bed ceremony where the bride wears a lot of flower ornament presented by her family and their marriage bed is decorated with flowers by the groom’s family.

14 Images of Bengali Marriages
Suvo drishti Making of pair Exchange of garlands Foods served in the ceremony A marriage ritual A bride

15 South Indian Marriages
The “South Indian states” are referred to the four states of India that lie extreme to the south of the country. These four states are – Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The rituals and customs of the south Indian marriages are quite different from that of the rest of India. But, it is to be mentioned that most of the Indian population comprises of Hindus and being a part of the Hindu community, the South Indian wedding rituals are very much similar to the other Hindu marriages.


17 Rituals of South Indian Marriages
The Hindu wedding has a number of rituals and customs. They are symbolic of beautiful and noble sentiments. Here is a short description of the South Indian wedding. EVENING PRIOR TO THE WEDDINDG DAY (Welcoming of bridegroom) This day the bridegroom is to be brought in a procession from a temple in a flower decorated car. He is escorted by the bride’s parents. This is a social function called JANA VASAM. The next day, the marriage starts by paying homage to Lord Ganesh followed by a number of rituals including, exchange of garlands between bride and bridegroom, making promises together and taking blessings from the elders to start a new life. The celebration continues for the whole day where the bridegroom’s family organize a great lunch for the invitees. The new couple also joins in and engage themselves in dancing and singing with the other family members.

18 Images of South Indian Wedding
Bride and bridegroom taking Part in the rituals. Makeover of a bride Ushering of the bridegroom by the bride. A typical South Indian Wedding dish.

Muslim Marriage and Islam Wedding also known as Nikah in Islamic language customs are traditions and practices that relate to wedding ceremonies and marriage rituals prevailing with the Muslim world. Participants in this rites belong to communities of people who have Islam as their faith. According to the teachings of Quran , the sacred Muslim religious According to the teachings a married Muslim couple is equated with clothing. Both husband and wife are each others protector and comforter just as real garments “show and conceal” the body of human beings. In Islam, Polygamy is allowed with certain restrictions , but Polyandry is totally restricted. Majority of Muslims practice Monogamy.

20 RITUALS OF NIKAH Pre wedding ritual – Engagement Haldi
In this ritual , the bride and the groom exchange rings. Haldi During this ritual , turmeric paste is applied on the bride’s skin with the purpose of improving and brightening her complexion. RITUALS OF NIKAH Mehndi Ritual In this ritual , mehndi is applied on the bride’s hand and feet by a mehndiwali, female relative of the bride. Baraat The Islamic wedding ceremony Is also preceded by a marriage Procession known as the Groom’s baraat.

21 The actual Wedding ceremony or Nikah
The Nikah is officiated by a priest called Qazi. Among the important participants of the Nikah are the Walises or the fathers of the bride and groom and their legal representatives. Nikaahnama This is the marriage contract which is signed by the couple as well as the Walises and the Qazi. Valima This is the wedding Reception hosted by the groom’s family. Reading of Quran by the newly wed couple

22 Christian Wedding in India
Indian Christians are governed by Indian Christian Marriage Act. The legal processes included in an Christian wedding in India are : The procedure begins with one of the parties giving written notice to the Minister of Religion, stating intention to marry, full name, address band profession of both parties, and Church in which they want to marry. Following this, a notice is put up in a conspicious part of the Church for at least 4 days. A declaration is then made by one of the parties stating that there is no lawful reason why the marriage cannot go ahead along with consent from bride’s guardian. A certificate is issued by the Minister and marriage may be conducted.

23 Procedure of the wedding
The bride is dressed in beautiful gown and the bridegroom in dashing suit and both of them enter the churchyard together. The would – be couple seek blessings from Jesus and from the Father and promise to be with each other by uttering the phrases, ‘Yes, I do’ and ‘Yes, I always’. They exchange rings and the marriage is accomplished. The newly wed couple accept each other by a kiss. Then they come out of the Church followed by a long procession and the wedding is celebrated by a grand feast which marks the end of the occasion.

24 Images of Christian Marriages
Prepared to start a new life Exchange of rings A bridal gown


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