Presentation on theme: "Reflection: Learning From Our Experiences 4-H Service-Learning Initiative Trainings Ruston and Crowley, LA July 2005."— Presentation transcript:
Reflection: Learning From Our Experiences 4-H Service-Learning Initiative Trainings Ruston and Crowley, LA July 2005
There are one story intellects, two story intellects, and three story intellects with skylights. All fact collectors who have no aim beyond their facts are one story people. Two story people compare, reason, generalize, using the labor of the fact collectors as their own. Three story people idealize, imagine, predict. Their best illumination comes through the skylight. -Oliver Wendell Holmes
Reflection in Service Learning Defined as the use of creative and critical thinking skills to help prepare for, succeed in, and to learn from the service experience, and to examine the larger picture and context in which the service occurs Toole & Toole, 1995
I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, I do and I understand. Confucius c. 450 BC
The Importance of Reflection Moves the experience beyond learning by doing Allows participants the opportunity to integrate their learning Allows for closure and completeness to their experience Allows participants time to reflect and interpret meaning for themselves
No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it. - Albert Einstein
Opportunities for Reflection: During preparation for service During action or service Following service During demonstration
In pre-service reflection: examine their beliefs, assumptions, and attitudes about issues. Questions: Is there a problem? What is the problem? How severe is the problem? Is it my problem? How and does it affect me?
During service reflection: Learn from their peers, share observations, ask for and receive feedback, ask questions and solve problems. Questions: What makes a person homeless? How does it occur? Have friends observed homeless people around their communities? What did they see? How should I act if a homeless person came up to me? How can I help the homeless?
During post-service reflection: look back at their initial beliefs, assumptions and attitudes to assess their own development. Questions: How have my beliefs and attitudes changed about homeless people? Does the service learning project address the problem of homelessness? If not, how can we change it to better address the problem? OR How can we rethink how to address the problem for future service learning projects? Is homelessness truly the problem? How can I start the cycle of prevention earlier? Where do I begin? Who can help me?
Simplifying for younger children: What was special about this activity today? What did the experience remind you of? What did you learn that you didnt know before? How did you feel being at the service site? How did your feelings change from when you first arrived to when you left? How did you make a difference today? Five years from now, what do you think you will remember about this project?
The 4 Cs of Reflection: Continuous in time frame Connected to intellectual and academic needs Challenging to assumptions and complacency Contextualized in terms of design and setting Source: Eyler, Giles and Schmiedes, A Practitioners Guide to Reflection in Service-Learning
Whom to Involve in Reflection: Youth and adults engaged in service Community members Parents Program leaders, administrators Elected officials Other adult allies
A mind that is stretched by a new experience can never go back to its old dimensions. - Oliver Wendall Holmes
Principles of Good Practice for Effective Reflection: Links service objectives to the course (curriculum) objectives Is guided and purposeful Occurs regularly within the course (throughout the entire service)
Principles of Good Practice for Effective Reflection: Includes components that can be evaluated according to well- defined criteria Provides opportunities for both private and public reflection Fosters civic responsibility
Service-learning holds up a MIRROR for us to see ourselves, a MICROSCOPE for us to examine our society, and BINOCULARS for us to see what lies ahead. -Mark Cooper
Resources: An Asset Builders Guide to Service Learning, Search Institute, Connecting Thinking and Action: Ideas for Service Learning Reflection, RMC Research Corp., Eyler, J. (2001). Creating your reflection map. New Directions for Higher Education, 114,
Eyler, J. (2002). Reflection: Linking service and learning – linking students and communities. Journal of Social Issues, 58 (3), Guide to Service Learning, National 4- H Design Team on Community Service Learning, Reflection Toolkit, Northwest Service Academy,