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AG Projects Miami - June 2005 ENUM Tier 2 Provisioning techniques Linking ENUM with external systems Adrian Georgescu AG Projects.

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Presentation on theme: "AG Projects Miami - June 2005 ENUM Tier 2 Provisioning techniques Linking ENUM with external systems Adrian Georgescu AG Projects."— Presentation transcript:

1 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 ENUM Tier 2 Provisioning techniques Linking ENUM with external systems Adrian Georgescu AG Projects

2 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Introduction From the old PSTN remains only the E.164 numbering plan Necessity for ENUM has been triggered by SIP deployments ENUM is based on IETF standards ENUM allows VoIP devices to be reached from the PSTN ENUM enables applications beyond voice (Video and IM) ENUM has a multi-tier model similar with the Internet domains ENUM is moving from political plane to technical plane Tier 2 is the working horse of ENUM

3 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 ENUM and the Domain Name System ENUM consists of discrete NAPTR records which, map E.164 numbers into IP addressing schemes including protocol (SIP, H323) NAPTR records can support new services/protocols without having to redesign ENUM, see how skype names can work too: DNS related issues – Identity, security of authoritative servers, real-time updates, serial number management, DNS resolver timeouts in the context of telephony call-setup times) ENUM zones may require non-DNS information NAPTR records contain links to several entities, a provisioning system should know how to link them together

4 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines NAPTR records are more than DNS entities

5 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" ITURIPETier2TIER1 IN WHOIS NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

6 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" SS7 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1 WHOIS NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

7 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1 WHOIS NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

8 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" Subscriber SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1 WHOIS NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

9 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" gTLDSubscriber SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1 WHOIS NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

10 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" gTLDSubscriber SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1MDNS WHOIS DNS NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

11 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" DNS IANASubscriber SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1 SIP WHOIS gTLDMDNSIETF NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

12 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" DNS IANASubscriber SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1 SIP WHOIS gTLDMDNSIETF NAPTR records are more than DNS entities Institutions, Providers, Subscribers, Protocols, Networks, Machines

13 AG Projects Miami - June e164.arpa. 0 IN NAPTR 0 0 "U" "E2U+SIP" DNS Subscriber SS7Q931 IN ITURIPETier2TIER1gTLDMDNS WHOIS IETFIANA SIP The NAPTR record links all entities together NAPTR records are more than DNS entities

14 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 DNS zones contain non-DNS information Numbering plan information (fixed/variable) Records usage (population/delegation/in use/free) Templates for generation of other related entities Access lists beyond transfers/query/notify

15 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Privacy concerns DNS is a public database, content put in DNS is meant to be public Do you want your web page to be found? Same question apply for your telephone number, if is yes that it must be made public What is behind the telephone number can however be protected Use anonymous SIP URIs for NAPTR targets Link the real user identity with the name space within the applications (by using aliases) SIP provides mechanisms for Identity and Privacy Privacy is solved starting with provisioning techniques and ending with the applications

16 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 The roles of ENUM Tier 2 Interaction with Tier 0/1 registries Interaction with end-users (for user-ENUM is a must) Interaction with service providers (host multiple providers) Interaction with payment gateways (purchase numbers) Interaction with gateways (access from the PSTN) Interaction with connected services (SIP and friends) ENUM application server What can this be?

17 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 ENUM Tier 2 platform design High-availability (telecom grade) Scalability and speed (keep pace with upstream applications) Interoperability, use of standardized NAPTR record formats Retrieval of data from external sources Capacity planning and capacity management Auditing, version control Disaster recovery plan Network + DNS servers + Provisioning engine + Interfaces

18 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Provisioning engine Check records for correctness (logical checks and syntax checks) Network locking mechanisms Accounting, version control and auditing Used for push of data into the DNS server Used to retrieve data from external systems ENUM application server Used to dynamically retrieve data on demand from external systems (like LDAP). Example: For NAPTR service type mailto: retrieve address from ldap server, translate answer into DNS NAPTR record format and pass it to DNS layer

19 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 NGN-Pro - A provisioning engine for ENUM Concurrent access to DNS data in a controlled environment Based on SOAP/XML, an Open Standard supported by most high-level programming languages (C, C++, Java, Python) Atomicity of combined ENUM and SIP provisioning requests DNS server agnostic, one provider may switch to a different DNS server implementation without affecting underlying services and front-ends, NGN-Pro supports Open Source like Bind, PowerDNS, other commercial DNS implementations can be added on demand Integrates SIP redirect services with ENUM Integrates domain registration and DNS zone management Translates non-DNS data into NAPTR records

20 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Make it easy for end-users. End-users are usually unaware of NAPTR records and the fact that ENUM is used for routing of their voice calls, E164 numbering plans and SIP address formats are better known and understood NAPTR record management in E164 format

21 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Provide finest control for operator, ENUM regular expression handling while preventing data input which syntactically or logically does not comply with ENUM purpose. Example: "E2U+MMS" => array("service"=>"E2U+mms", "schemas"=>array("tel:,"mailto:")), NAPTR record management in DNS format

22 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Capacity management is important, allocating and delegating numbers requires skills (see IPV4 address depletion). Provisioning engine must have up to date information about ENUM zone usage, record ownership, current zone population, percentage of delegation, usage ratio, unallocated or unassigned records. Capacity management

23 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 Bulk provisioning of SIP and ENUM Carrier-ENUM zones are often provisioned in bulk, numbering plan generators or imports from external data sources should be possible Provisioning scenario Generate SIP records in domain example.com with associated NAPTR records under private tree 1.3.e164-provider.nl.

24 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 ENUM Tier 2 platform blueprint

25 AG Projects Miami - June 2005 This presentation is available at Thank you, Adrian Georgescu ENUM: /SIP:


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