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1 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC press conference, Bonn, 20 November 2007 Kyoto Protocol “go-live”: data, policies, infrastructures.

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Presentation on theme: "1 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC press conference, Bonn, 20 November 2007 Kyoto Protocol “go-live”: data, policies, infrastructures."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC press conference, Bonn, 20 November 2007 Kyoto Protocol “go-live”: data, policies, infrastructures by Sergey KONONOV (UNFCCC secretariat)

2 2 “Kyoto cornerstones”: data – policies – infrastructures Reports on GHG emissions Emission reduction targets under Kyoto Protocol for industrialized countries: at least –5% by compared to 1990 Policies and measures to reduce emissions Systems & infrastructures to support GHG emissions data and market-based mechanisms

3 3 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC press conference, Bonn, 20 November 2007 GHG trends : latest UNFCCC data for industrialized countries by Sergey KONONOV (UNFCCC secretariat)

4 4 The data are: For the period 1990 – 2005 For Annex I Parties (industrialized countries) Come from official data submissions under UNFCCC in 2007 Full data publication = FCCC/SBI/2007/30 (for the Bali meetings) Two sets of data are presented: For Annex I Parties to the Climate Change Convention: 41 Parties For Annex I Parties to the Kyoto Protocol: 38 Parties Trends for the Convention group and the Kyoto group differ Caution 1: emission trends 1990–2005 are NOT compliance assessment Caution 2: trends for group are not equivalent to trend for each country Overview / introduction | what data are available now

5 5 GHG trends 1990–2005 | Part 1: Annex I CONVENTION Parties (41) Note: LULUCF = Land use, land-use change and forestry; EIT = economy in transition 2000–2005 trend without GHG sinks: +3% 1990–2005 trend: Annex I emissions remain below the 1990 level — without GHG sinks (excluding LULUCF): -3% (more certain estimate) — with GHG sinks (including LULUCF): -5% (more comprehensive estimate) — by country, changes vary from –59% (Latvia) to +74% (Turkey) 1990–1995: -7% 1995–2000: +2% 2000–2005: +3% 2000–2005 trend with GHG sinks: +1% (+0.2% in EITs, +2% in non-EITs) from +6% in EITs, +2% in non-EITs from +200 Mt in EITs, +260 Mt in non-EITs

6 6 GHG trends 1990–2005 | Part 2: Annex I KYOTO Parties (38) 2000–2005 trend: Annex I emissions slowly grow since 2000 — without GHG sinks (excluding LULUCF): +3% — for EIT Parties: +6% (resumed economic growth in EITs) — for non-EIT Parties: +2% (continued growth in non-EITs) 1990–2005 trend: Annex I emissions remain well below the 1990 level — without GHG sinks (excluding LULUCF): -15% — decrease for “Kyoto group” (-15%) deeper than for “Convention group” (-3%) — by country, changes vary from –59% (Latvia) to +53% (Spain) Note: Kyoto Parties (38) = Convention Parties (41) – Australia, Turkey, US

7 7 Conclusions | see also FCCC/SBI/2007/30, unfccc.int In 2005, emissions were below the 1990 level for 41 Convention Parties: –(3–5)% for 38 Kyoto Protocol Parties: –15% changes vary greatly from country to country Slow growth after 2000 (+3%) is noticeable; needs attention The data reported = reliable basis for tracking emissions in the upcoming Kyoto commitment period 2008–2012

8 8 “Kyoto cornerstones”: data – policies – infrastructures Reports on GHG emissions Emission reduction targets under Kyoto Protocol: at least –5% by Policies and measures to reduce emissions Systems & infrastructures to support GHG emissions data and market-based mechanisms


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