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Small Animal Management

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Presentation on theme: "Small Animal Management"— Presentation transcript:

1 Small Animal Management

2 I. Terms Buck – male rabbit Doe – female rabbit Bunny – baby rabbit
Kit – baby rabbit Kindle – giving birth

3 (terms cont.) Litter – group of young kindled by the same doe
Junior – rabbit under 6 months Senior – rabbit over 6 months Breed – animals with similar physical characteristics that are passed on to their young. Variety – subdivision of a breed, usually by distinguished by color

4 Gestation – the length of time a female is pregnant
(terms continued) Molting – shedding fur Gestation – the length of time a female is pregnant Lactation – production of milk Snuffles – respiratory ailment in rabbits 7-8% rabbit is bone

5 Eliminations: conditions in a rabbit which are considered temporary and can be cured or corrected
Disqualifications: eliminated permanently from being eligible to be registered or shown Confirmation is the shape of the parts of rabbits and is determined by skeletal and muscle development

6 II. Parts

7 Neck Ear Shoulder Rump Tail Cheek Dewlap Belly Hock Flank

8 III. Size Classes Small a. 2 – 7 lbs b. Examples 1. Netherland Dwarfs
2. Dutch 3. Tans

9 (size classes continued)
Medium a lbs b. Examples 1. New Zealands 2. Florida Whites 3. Satins

10 (size classes continued)
C. Large a. over 13 lbs b. Examples 1. Flemish Giants 2. Checkered Giants 3. Giant Lops

11 IV. Classes by Use Pets Show / Exhibition Meat Production Pelts Wool
Laboratory / Research

12 V. Breed Selection Over 30 recognized breeds
Over 80 recognized varieties (divisions within a breed)

13 (breed selection continued)
Selection based on use 1. Meat Production • New Zealand (White, Black, Red) • California (White w/eight black points) • Satin (Colors vary – specialty fur)

14 (breed selection continued)
(Selection based on use, cont) 2. Research • New Zealand White –consistent 3. Show / Pet • Any breed

15 (breed selection continued)
(Selection based on use, cont) 4. Pelts • Rex • Mini Rex • Satin 5. Wool • Angora

16 VI. Locating Breeding Stock
Feed Stores American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) Journals / Magazines

17 (Locating Breeding Stock, cont)
D. Telephone Book E. County Agricultural Agent F. Agriscience Teacher G. County Fair Exhibits H. Newspapers

18 VII. Selection of Breeding Stock
They are healthy and vigorous They are average size for their breed Age to buy Juniors (unproven) (-) must wait to breed them (+) can ease them into production

19 (selection of breeding stock/ age to buy continued)
2. Seniors (-) age difficult to determine (+) ready for production Older Rabbits (long heavy toenails and the meat along the back bone is sinewy (stringy) and tough) (-) less production potential (-) may be sterile (+) may be cheaper

20 (selection of breeding stock continued)
Start with a “trio” One buck and two does Trust the breeder to select compatible breeders

21 VIII. Proper Handling C. NEVER BY THE EARS!!!!! Best Method
Grasp the nap of the neck and the rump Always support the hind quarters Alternate Methods Grasp in front of hip Underarm, clutched against body C. NEVER BY THE EARS!!!!!

22 IX. Feeding Breed Size Age Requirements vary depending on Weather
Condition Production Stage Breed Size Age

23 Easiest: buy complete pellets needs
(feeding continued) Rule of Thumb Mature Rabbits - Maintenance 3.8 to 4% of their body weight per day increases based on growth & production Easiest: buy complete pellets needs

24 D. Limit Feed vs Full Feed (free choice)
(feeding continued) D. Limit Feed vs Full Feed (free choice) Full Feed > rabbits eat more – cost more overweight rabbits – lazy/poor breeders less attention given to rabbits

25 X. Housing Free of Drafts Protect from rain, snow, wind, sun & heat
Pens – wire floor * Size – 1 square foot floor space per one pound live rabbit (4# needs 2 ft x 2 ft)

26 XI. Equipment Feeders * Waters * Nest Boxes Tattoo Pliers

27 XII. Reproduction

28 A. Age to breed Dwarfs & Small breeds – 5 months
Medium breeds – 6 months Large breeds – 8 months

29 B. Selecting mates Doe Good weight (not skinny or fat)
Vulva – dark in color Buck Good fur condition Bright eyes Evidence of both testicles in the scrotum

30 C. Gestation Period Average: 31 days Range: 28 – 31 days

31 D. Mating Take the doe to the buck’s cage
Doe is more defensive of her territory than the buck Don’t leave alone

32 E. Pregnancy Test Palpation – 12 days Attempt to rebreed in 14 days

33 F. Preparing Cage On 27th day, place nest box in cage
Provide nesting material (hay, straw, wood shavings) 3. Doe will pluck hair from belly to line nest

34 G. Kindling Keep area quiet Inspect nest Number of bunnies Healthy
Content Adequate nest materials

35 H. Weaning Creep feed Feed only the babies Reduces stress at weaning
Separate at 6 – 8 weeks

36 XIII Record Keeping Importance Financial: Profit/Loss Identify Animals
Management Plan Health Reproduction

37 (record keeping continued)
Types Pedigree – “Family Tree” Breeding Cage Cards Doe/Buck Records Feeding Health

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