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Small Animal Management Rabbits. I. Terms A. Buck – male rabbit B. Doe – female rabbit C. Bunny – baby rabbit D. Kit – baby rabbit E. Kindle – giving.

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Presentation on theme: "Small Animal Management Rabbits. I. Terms A. Buck – male rabbit B. Doe – female rabbit C. Bunny – baby rabbit D. Kit – baby rabbit E. Kindle – giving."— Presentation transcript:

1 Small Animal Management Rabbits

2 I. Terms A. Buck – male rabbit B. Doe – female rabbit C. Bunny – baby rabbit D. Kit – baby rabbit E. Kindle – giving birth

3 (terms cont.) Litter – group of young kindled by the same doe G.Junior – rabbit under 6 months H.Senior – rabbit over 6 months I.Breed – animals with similar physical characteristics that are passed on to their young. J.Variety – subdivision of a breed, usually by distinguished by color

4 (terms continued) Molting – shedding fur Gestation – the length of time a female is pregnant Lactation – production of milk Snuffles – respiratory ailment in rabbits 7-8% rabbit is bone

5 Eliminations: conditions in a rabbit which are considered temporary and can be cured or corrected Disqualifications: eliminated permanently from being eligible to be registered or shown Confirmation is the shape of the parts of rabbits and is determined by skeletal and muscle development

6 II. Parts

7 Ear Cheek Belly Hock Tail Neck Shoulder Dewlap Rump Flank

8 III. Size Classes A.Small a. 2 – 7 lbs b. Examples 1. Netherland Dwarfs 2. Dutch 3. Tans

9 (size classes continued) B.Medium a lbs b. Examples 1. New Zealands 2. Florida Whites 3. Satins

10 (size classes continued) C. Large a. over 13 lbs b. Examples 1. Flemish Giants 2. Checkered Giants 3. Giant Lops

11 IV. Classes by Use A.Pets B.Show / Exhibition C.Meat Production D.Pelts E.Wool F.Laboratory / Research

12 V. Breed Selection A.Over 30 recognized breeds B.Over 80 recognized varieties (divisions within a breed)

13 (breed selection continued) C.Selection based on use 1. Meat Production New Zealand (White, Black, Red) California (White w/eight black points) Satin (Colors vary – specialty fur)

14 (breed selection continued) (Selection based on use, cont) 2. Research New Zealand White – consistent 3. Show / Pet Any breed

15 (breed selection continued) (Selection based on use, cont) 4. Pelts Rex Mini Rex Satin 5. Wool Angora

16 VI. Locating Breeding Stock A.Feed Stores B.American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) C.Journals / Magazines

17 (Locating Breeding Stock, cont) D. Telephone Book E. County Agricultural Agent F. Agriscience Teacher G. County Fair Exhibits H. Newspapers

18 VII. Selection of Breeding Stock A.They are healthy and vigorous B.They are average size for their breed C.Age to buy 1.Juniors (unproven) (-) must wait to breed them (+) can ease them into production

19 (selection of breeding stock/ age to buy continued) 2. Seniors (-) age difficult to determine (+) ready for production 3.Older Rabbits (long heavy toenails and the meat along the back bone is sinewy (stringy) and tough) (-) less production potential (-) may be sterile (+) may be cheaper

20 (selection of breeding stock continued) D.Start with a trio 1.One buck and two does E.Trust the breeder to select compatible breeders

21 VIII. Proper Handling A.Best Method 1.Grasp the nap of the neck and the rump 2.Always support the hind quarters B. Alternate Methods 1.Grasp in front of hip 2.Underarm, clutched against body C. NEVER BY THE EARS!!!!!

22 IX. Feeding A.Requirements vary depending on Breed Size Age Weather Condition Production Stage

23 (feeding continued) B.Rule of Thumb 1.Mature Rabbits - Maintenance a. 3.8 to 4% of their body weight per day b.increases based on growth & production C.Easiest: buy complete pellets needs

24 (feeding continued) D. Limit Feed vs Full Feed (free choice) 1.Full Feed > rabbits eat more – cost more 2.overweight rabbits – lazy/poor breeders 3.less attention given to rabbits

25 X. Housing A.Free of Drafts B.Protect from rain, snow, wind, sun & heat C.Pens – wire floor * D.Size – 1 square foot floor space per one pound live rabbit (4# needs 2 ft x 2 ft)

26 XI. Equipment A.Feeders * B.Waters * C.Nest Boxes D.Tattoo Pliers

27 XII. Reproduction

28 A. Age to breed 1.Dwarfs & Small breeds – 5 months 2.Medium breeds – 6 months 3.Large breeds – 8 months

29 B. Selecting mates 1.Doe a.Good weight (not skinny or fat) b.Vulva – dark in color 2.Buck a.Good fur condition b.Bright eyes c.Evidence of both testicles in the scrotum

30 C. Gestation Period 1. Average: 31 days 2. Range: 28 – 31 days

31 D. Mating 1.Take the doe to the bucks cage 2.Doe is more defensive of her territory than the buck 3.Dont leave alone

32 E. Pregnancy Test 1.Palpation – 12 days 2.Attempt to rebreed in 14 days

33 F. Preparing Cage 1.On 27 th day, place nest box in cage 2.Provide nesting material (hay, straw, wood shavings) 3. Doe will pluck hair from belly to line nest

34 G. Kindling 1.Keep area quiet 2.Inspect nest a.Number of bunnies b.Healthy c.Content d.Adequate nest materials

35 H. Weaning 1.Creep feed a.Feed only the babies b.Reduces stress at weaning 2.Separate at 6 – 8 weeks

36 XIII Record Keeping A.Importance 1.Financial: Profit/Loss 2.Identify Animals 3.Management Plan a.Health b.Reproduction

37 (record keeping continued) B.Types 1.Pedigree – Family Tree 2.Breeding a.Cage Cards b.Doe/Buck Records 3.Feeding 4.Health

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