Presentation on theme: "Settling the West After the Civil War, white settlers overcame Native American resistance and settled the last frontier of the United States Challenges."— Presentation transcript:
Settling the West After the Civil War, white settlers overcame Native American resistance and settled the last frontier of the United States Challenges of Native Americans Impact of the Railroad Result of Western Movement
I. Challenges with Native Americans A.The Great West 1.Geography a. Plains, Rocky Mountains, Great Basin, and Pacific Coast 2.Mexican-American 3.African-American B.Subduing the Native American 1.Pre-1830: Treaties with each tribe 2.1830: Concentration into regions 3.1860: Relocation onto smaller reservations a.Bureau of Indian Affairs 4.1887: Assimilation into white culture a.Dawes Act 5.1934: Semi-Autonomy a.Indian Reorganization Act
Current Population Density of Native Americans
I. Challenges with Native Americans (cont.) C.Warfare with Native Americans, 1868-1890 1.Highlights a.Sand Creek, 1864 b.Sioux War of 1876-1877 c.Chief Joseph and Nez Pierce d.Apache Wars e.Battle of Wounded Knee, 1890 f.Greater danger than whites: RR and disease 2.Indian Reform a.H.H. Jacksons A Century of Dishonor, 1881 b.Dawes Severalty Act, 1887 c.New Govt. Policy: Assimilation
II. Impact of Railroad A.Mining 1.Pikes Peak, 1858 2.Comestock Lode, 1859 3.Women suffrage B.Cattle 1.Long Drive 2.Challenge: weather and J. Glidden C.Farming 1.Homestead Act, 1862 a.160/5 2.Challenge: Lack of water a. Dry farming 3.Growth of Great West a.New states and OK D.Fading of Frontier 1.Superintendent of Census 1890 and F. J. Turner, 1893 a. Safety Valve? 2.Urbanization of the west 3.Farm becomes factory through crop- lien system General Mills, the parent company of Pillsbury, was founded during this time In 1860 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
III. Political Results of Western Movement A.Discontent 1.Nat. Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry a.Self-improvement b.Grange laws 2.Greenback Labor Party 3.Farmers Alliance, 1870s a.Reaction to RRs 4.Peoples Party a.Panic of 1893 b.Coxeys Army, 1894 c.Opposed injunctions in the Pullman Strike, 1894 B.Election of 1896 1.McKinley (Hanna) v. Bryan and 2 VPs 2.Issues: Currency, campaign finance, radicalism Shot twice by Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo, NY in 1901
Vocabulary, Ch. 26 Sitting Bull George A. Custer Chief Joseph Geronimo Helen Hunt Jackson Wiliam Cody Oliver Kelley William Hope Harvey Mary Elizabeth Lease Frederick Jackson Turner James Weaver Jacob Coxey Eugene Debs William McKinley Marcus Hanna William Jennings Bryan Sioux Wars Nez Perce Apache Ghost Dance Battle of Wounded Knee Dawes Severalty Act Little Big Horn Buffalo Soldiers Comstock Lode Long Drive Homestead Act Sooner State National Grange Farmers Alliance Populist Party Coxeys Army Pullman Strike Cross of Gold Speech Dingley Tariff Bill Gold Standard Act