Presentation on theme: "Prepared Public Speaking"— Presentation transcript:
1Prepared Public Speaking Things to consider when writing, preparing for, and giving a public speech.Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum OfficeJune, 2002
2IntroductionSpeeches are given to inform the audience, persuade the audience, or to integrate the members of an audience.People also listen for the same reasonsSpeaking skills increase a person’s effectiveness and influence the decision of others.Speaking in public is an art form nearly as old as humanity itself.Effective public speaking is INFLUENCE.INFLUENCE IS LEADERSHIP!!
3PLANNING A SPEECH As a speech is planned, consider the following: PURPOSEAUDIENCEOCCASIONIf you can empathize with the audience, you will be able to plan a better speech!
4Analyze the AudienceFind out as much information as possible about the audience.It will be helpful to know the following in advance:# in groupAgesInterestsFormal or informalSettingTime frameRoom sizePlace on program
5Analyze the AudienceKeep in mind the following 3 questions when analyzing your audience:To whom am I speaking?What do I want them to know, believe, or do as a result of my speech?3. What is the most effective way of composing or presenting my speech to accomplish my aim?
6Select a Topic Choose a topic that interests you. Choose a topic in which you are knowledgeable or want to become knowledgeable.Choose a topic of interest to your audience.
7FFA Topic AreasWhen searching for a topic for an FFA speech consider using these three general areas:Production AgricultureAgribusinessAgriscience
8Brainstorming List topics within each area that interest you. Jot down words or phrases you know related to those topic areas.Spend no more than two minutes on each topic area.This process is called brainstorming.Example: Willie Nelson
9Gather Information Benjamin Franklin once said: “An empty bag cannot stand upright.”Without solid material, your speech will fold like Franklin’s bag.Start research by checking personal books and magazines.Consult organizations and experts.Do research in a library and use the librarian to help you search.
10Gather InformationIf the subject is controversial, make sure to get expert opinions from both sides of the issue.Speaker’s can find quotations to support their ideas in sources such as:Bartlett’s Familiar QuotesBrewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and FableOxford Dictionary of QuotationsGranger’s Index to Poetry
11Record your IdeasWhen gathering material, write each item of information on a note card with:Name of SourcePage #AuthorUse quotations and statistics when they are needed to make a point.
12Make an OutlineTo help you recognize the speech’s strengths and weaknesses.To help you organize and develop your ideas.To help you save time when writing the speech.
13Outline FormatMain Points are indicated by Roman Numbers ( I, II, V, VI)Major Subdivisions by capitol letters (A, B)Minor subheadings by Arabic numbers (1,2)Further subdivision by lower case letters (a,b,c,d,k,t,)
14Outline Example TITLE INTRODUCTION BODY CONCLUSION First Main Point Sub point #1a.b.Sub point #2Second Main PointCONCLUSION
15WRITE THE SPEECH Write the way you talk! Write the Body of the Speech first.Begin with the main points.Arrange them in logical order or sequence.Then write the Introduction.Finally, write the conclusion
16Write the Speech“Words, are the garments with which speakers clothe their ideas.” (J. Regis O’Connor)Wise speakers choose their words carefully.Choose effective language.Refrain from using statements that defame other people or organizations. (Ethical Issues)
17Introduction Do something to gain the audiences attention: Tell a joke Pound the speaker’s standMake a loud noiseAsk a questionTell a storyUse a quotationUse a personal referenceCreate suspenseGive a compliment
18IntroductionThe introduction must grab the attention of the audience, but it must also focus on the goal of the speech.
19CONCLUSION All’s Well that Ends Well - Shakespeare The conclusion offers the speakers last opportunity to remind the audience of the speech content.Summarize the main points.Use a story.Be humorous.Appeal andMake an emotional impact.
20Practice the Speech Practice Time Limits Practice Methods School Classes and TeachersHome and MirrorAuditoriumCivic OrganizationsTHE VIDEO CAMERA
21THINGS THAT NEED PRACTICE Your SmileGesturesHead and EyesSincerity
22Present the Speech A good speech starts with good preparation. Things to consider when giving speech:SalutationBeing DeliberateUsing the Hands (Need to appear natural)Using the Body (Do not sway, rock, fidget)HumorDress and Physical AppearanceWhere to standNotesSpecial Considerations
23Answer QuestionsIf you are asked questions afterwards, keep the following in mind:Be deliberate, take time to think through answer and then reply.Be completeAnswer with confidenceIf you do not know the answer, say so without hesitation, do not bluff.If you did not hear or did not understand the questions, ask the person to repeat or rephrase.
24FINALLY, Listen and Evaluate Evaluate speeches and presentation after each time.Evaluation allows for an analysis of where the speech went right and/or wrong.
25Other Points To Consider Keep the voice well modulated, use variety of pitch and tone.Strive for correct pronunciation and enunciate clearly.Cultivate a sincere interest in people.Constantly strive to increased your vocabulary.Open the speech with a sentence that will secure the attention of the audience.End the speech in a forceful manner.Take appropriate pauses and don not allow yourself to run out of breath.Maintain good posture while speaking.