Presentation on theme: "Research on Effective Teaching"— Presentation transcript:
1 Research on Effective Teaching Jim FlowersDepartment of Agricultural and Extension EducationNorth Carolina State University
2 Effective Teachers Over 1,200 studies on effective teaching Five variables have been identified
3 Effective TeachingMeasurement of Effective Teachers: How much do students learn.Studies have shown that teachers make a difference: good teachers can increase student learning and poor teachers can have a residual effect on overall student development.Students can recover from the effects of a poor teacher, but their progress is slow
4 Being an Effective Teacher Most Important CharacteristicsEnthusiasmOrganizedClarityBusiness-likeInteraction
5 Enthusiasm Speaks expressively or emphatically Moves about while speakingGestures with hands and armsShows facial expressionUses humorReads verbatim from notes (negative!!!!)
6 Clarity Uses concrete examples of concepts Gives multiple examples Use stories to illustrate a point.May involve “drawing a picture”Points out practical applicationStresses important pointsRepeats difficult ideas
7 Organized Uses headings and subheadings Makes notetaking easy Gives preliminary overview of presentationSignals transition to new topicExplains how each topic fits into the lesson or how a topic relates to previous instructionTopics have logical order
8 Interaction Addresses members of class by name Encourages questions & commentsAsks questions of students in classEncourages students to express opinions or ideasUse student experiences as examples
9 Business like Begins on time Proceeds at rapid rate Stays on the topic – does not get distracted or sidetracked.States objectivesMakes transitions quickly and easilyEssentially, this is tied to effective use of learning time.
10 Other Characteristics That May Contribute VariabilityUse of different teaching techniques (small groups, role play, brainstorm, etc.)Appropriate FeedbackQuick feedbackDescriptive, explain what is good or not goodUse of Probing QuestionsAsk for explanations from studentsAsk the Why? Question – even when their answers are correct!
11 SummaryMost of this information should not be surprising. The research confirms what many have believed about good teaching for a long time.But this also shows that some things are not as important as we may have thought.Example: Teacher warmth is not related to student achievementIf we want to improve, the 5 major characteristics may be a good place to start.