Presentation on theme: "Research on Effective Teaching Jim Flowers Department of Agricultural and Extension Education North Carolina State University."— Presentation transcript:
Research on Effective Teaching Jim Flowers Department of Agricultural and Extension Education North Carolina State University
Effective Teachers Over 1,200 studies on effective teaching Five variables have been identified
Effective Teaching Measurement of Effective Teachers: How much do students learn. Studies have shown that teachers make a difference: good teachers can increase student learning and poor teachers can have a residual effect on overall student development. Students can recover from the effects of a poor teacher, but their progress is slow
Being an Effective Teacher Most Important Characteristics EnthusiasmOrganizedClarityBusiness-likeInteraction
Enthusiasm Speaks expressively or emphatically Moves about while speaking Gestures with hands and arms Shows facial expression Uses humor Reads verbatim from notes (negative!!!!)
Clarity Uses concrete examples of concepts Gives multiple examples Use stories to illustrate a point. May involve drawing a picture Points out practical application Stresses important points Repeats difficult ideas
Organized Uses headings and subheadings Makes notetaking easy Gives preliminary overview of presentation Signals transition to new topic Explains how each topic fits into the lesson or how a topic relates to previous instruction Topics have logical order
Interaction Addresses members of class by name Encourages questions & comments Asks questions of students in class Encourages students to express opinions or ideas Use student experiences as examples
Business like Begins on time Proceeds at rapid rate Stays on the topic – does not get distracted or sidetracked. States objectives Makes transitions quickly and easily Essentially, this is tied to effective use of learning time.
Other Characteristics That May Contribute Variability –Use of different teaching techniques (small groups, role play, brainstorm, etc.) Appropriate Feedback –Quick feedback –Descriptive, explain what is good or not good Use of Probing Questions –Ask for explanations from students –Ask the Why? Question – even when their answers are correct!
Summary Most of this information should not be surprising. The research confirms what many have believed about good teaching for a long time. But this also shows that some things are not as important as we may have thought. –Example: Teacher warmth is not related to student achievement If we want to improve, the 5 major characteristics may be a good place to start.