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DECISION MAKING AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT LAW IN SOCIETY Introduction Alternative Dispute Resolution Oleh : Sumali 1.

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Presentation on theme: "DECISION MAKING AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT LAW IN SOCIETY Introduction Alternative Dispute Resolution Oleh : Sumali 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 DECISION MAKING AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT LAW IN SOCIETY Introduction Alternative Dispute Resolution Oleh : Sumali 1

2 What Is Conflict Or a Dispute ? Conflict is form of competitive behavior between people or groups. Konflik dapat terjadi di mana saja, tidak mengenal tempat dan waktu. Konflik dapat terjadi secara terbuka, terselubung atau tersembunyi. Konflik dapat terjadi dalam keluarga, tempat kerja, organisasi, partai politik, teman usaha, masyarakat dan sebagainya. Konflik dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan hubungan dalam jangka panjang, pendek, mulai dari yang tidak penting sampai yang penting. 2

3 What Causes Conflict or a Dispute The circle of conflict outlines some of the major sources of conflict, regardless of level (interpersonal, intra-or inter-organizational, communal, or societal) or setting. The circle identifies five central causes or conflict : 1. Problem with the people’s relationships 2. Problema with data 3. Perceived or actual incompatible. 4. Structural forces 5. Differing values 3

4 Circle of Conflict Unnecessary Conflict 4 RELATIONSHIP CONFLICT 1.STRONG EMOTIONS 2.MISPERCEPTIONS OR STEREOTYPE 3.POOR OR MISCOMUNICATION 4. NEGATIVE, REPETITIVE BEHAVIOR VALUE CONFLICT 1.DAY TO DAY VALUES 2.TERMINAL VALUES 3.SELF DEFINITION VALUES STRUCTURAL CONFLICTS 1.HOW A SITUATION IS SET UP 2.ROLE DEFINITIONS 3.TIME CONSTRAINS 4.GEOGRAPHIC/PHYSICAL RELATIONSHIP 5.UNEQUAL POWER/AUTHORITY 6.UNEQUAL CONTROL OF RESOURCES INTEREST CONFLICT 1.SUBSTANTIVE 2.PROSEDURAL 3.PSYCHOLOGICAL DATA CONLICTS 1.LACK OF INFORMATION2 2.MISINFORMATION 3.DIFFERENT VIEWS ON WHAT IS RELEVANT 4.DIFFERENT INTERPRETATION 5.DIFFERENT ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES LINGKARAN KONFLIK DAN MENGHINDARI KONFLIK

5 Penyelesaian Konflik 5 PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA AJUDIKASINON AJUDIKASI LITIGASI PENGADILAN NON LITIGASI KONSILIASI ARBITRASE NEGOSIASI MEDIASI KOLABORASI

6 The Circle of Conflict and Conflict Mapping POSSSIBLE STRATEGIES AND OUTCOMES OF A (AS VIEWED BY PARTY A) 6 Competition Win for A/ Loss for B Avoidance/Impasse Loss for A and B Accommodation Loss for A/ Win for B Interest-Based Bargaining Win for both A and B Negotiated Compromiese A and B share losses & gains

7 Roles People Play In Conflict Situations Negotiator (You are a party to the dispute) 7 O O O Superior/Subordinate Negotiatiors (Authority/Power) Subordinate/Superior Negotiatiors (Authority/Power) Equal Negotiatiors (Authority/Power)

8 Lanjut … 8 0 Team Member or Spokesperson

9 Lanjut … 9 0 Negotiator With Constituency (Horizontal or Bureaucratic)

10 MEDIATOR/FACILITATOR (You are a proses facilitator) 10 o Mediator –Equal Among Equals (No Authorative Decision- Making Power) o Mediator Who Is Superior To Disputants (Authoritative Decision-Making Power On Hold

11 Lanjut … 11 o Mediator-Intermediary Between Superior/Subordinate (No Authorative Decision-Making Power

12 Lanjut … 12 0 Facilitator Among Equals (No Authorative Decision-Making Power)

13 Lanjut … Facilitator With Superior Decision Maker Present (No Authoritative Decision Making Power)

14 Lanjut … 14 0 Facilitator External To Group (No Authoritative Decision-Making Power)

15 ARBITRATIOR/JUDGE MED-ARB (Process in which an authoritative decision maker attempts mediation prior to being forced to decide by the parties inability to agree) 2. Arbitration/Judicial Decision (Authoritative decision-making power and decision maker)


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