3Simplifying Expressions with Integral Exponents Helpful Tip: Watch the order of operations ….or else!Examples
4Sect 11.1 : Simplifying Expressions with Integral Exponents MAT 205 FALL 2008Sect 11.1 : Simplifying Expressions with Integral ExponentsUse one or a combination of the laws of exponents to simplify each expression. State final answers using only positive exponents. Assume all variables represent positive values.
13Sect 11.2: Fractional (Rational) Exponents Note: These properties are valid as long as does not involve the even root of a negative number.powerroot
14Fractional (Rational) Exponents When evaluating expressions involving fractional exponents without a calculator: It is usually best to find the root first, as indicated by the denominator, then raise it to the power indicated in the numerator.
15Fractional (Rational) Exponents You can evaluate expressions involving fractional exponents using the calculator. Use the key and type parentheses around the fraction.Example: Evaluate using the TI-84.
16Simplifying Expressions Involving Fractional Exponents The same laws of exponents apply to fractional exponents, though the work may be a little messier.
22Simplifying RadicalsTo reduce a radical to simplest form:Remove all perfect nth power factors from a radical of order n.If a fraction appears under the radical or there is a radical in the denominator of the expression, simplify by rationalizing the denominator.If possible, reduce the order of the radical.
23Simplifying RadicalsRemoving all nth power factors
24Simplifying RadicalsReducing the order of the radical
25Simplifying RadicalsRationalizing the denominator
27Sect 11.4: Addition and Subtraction of Radicals To perform addition or subtraction of radicals, you combine like (similar) radicals.Similar radicals differ only in their numerical coefficients (same radicand AND same index).
28Addition and Subtraction of Radicals Plan of Action:Express each radical in simplest form.Combine like radicals.Examples
32Sect 11.5: Multiplication & Division of Radicals To multiply expressions containing radicals, we will use the propertywhere a and b represent positive values.Notice that the order (indexes) of the radicals being multiplied must be the same.
35Division of RadicalsWe saw earlier that when dealing with an expression containing a radical in the denominator, we had to rationalize the denominator to write it in simplest form.We will now deal with denominators containing two terms.
36Division of RadicalsTo rationalize a denominator that is the sum or difference of two terms, multiply the numerator and denominator of the fraction by the _____________________ of the denominator.
37Sect 14.4 Solving Radical Equations To solve radical equations, we will use the fact thatThat is, we will apply the appropriate inverse operation to “get the variable out of the radical”.
38Solving Radical Equations To solve a radical equation involving one radical:Isolate the radical expression on one side of the equation.Raise both sides of the equation to the power that is the same as the order of the radical (inverse operation).Solve the resulting equation for the variable.Check for extraneous solutions* by checking the apparent solutions in the original equation.*Extraneous solutions may be introduced when both sides of an equation are raised to an even power.
42Solving Radical Equations WIND POWER The power generated by a windmill is related to the velocity of the wind by the formulawhere P is the power (in watts) and v is the velocity of the wind (in mph). Find how much power the windmill is generating when the wind is 29 mph.
43To solve a radical equation involving two square roots: Isolate one of the radical expressions on one side of the equation.Square both sides of the equation.Simplify.Isolate the remaining radical expression on one side of the equation.Solve the resulting equation for the variable.Check for extraneous solutions by checking the apparent solutions in the original equation.
44Solving Radical Equations Involving Two Radicals
45Solving Radical Equations Involving Two Radicals