Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water Resources Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water Resources Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water."— Presentation transcript:

1 Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water Resources Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water Resources California Water and Environmental Modeling Forum February 25, 2004 Jamie Anderson, Ph.D., P.E. Joint DWR-USBR Climate Change Work Team

2 Rose is Rose

3 Potential Impacts of Climate Change Precipitation timing and quantity Runoff timing and quantity Sea level rise Air temperature

4 What risks does climate change pose for the management of California’s water resources?

5 Climate Change Work Team BG HeilandChris Enright Aaron Miller Ganesh Pandey Messele EjetaJamie Anderson Levi Brekke Sanjaya Seneviratne Francis Chung

6 GOAL Provide qualitative and quantitative estimates of effects of climate change on California’s water resources Provide information that is relevant to water resources decision makers including assessment of risks

7 Risk = f(Hazards, Consequences, Probability)

8 Hazards

9 Climate Change Hazards For this talk, hazards are defined as increments of potential climate change –Air temperature –Precipitation –Sea level rise

10 We are relying on climate modelers to forecast possible future climate conditions, and thus assess the hazards of climate change. Our climate change team currently assesses potential consequences that those climate change scenarios could have on California’s water resources. Future goal: RISK assessments

11 Consequences

12 Floods and Droughts Rainfall intensity and durations Frequency and magnitude of floods and droughts

13 Water Supply Water Demands human and vegetation Inflows to Reservoirs amount and timing System Operations size and timing of flood control space; reliability of supplies

14 Water Quality Environmental WQ River and lake temperatures In-stream flow requirements Drinking WQ

15 San Francisco Bay-Delta Levee Stability (flooding or sea level rise) Sea Water Intrusion

16 Probability

17 Challenge Given the variability and uncertainty in climate projections over California, how do we apply climate change impacts assessment to planning and management of California’s water resources?

18 Precipitation Air Temperature Divergence in trend and magnitude Models agree that air temperature increases, but vary in the magnitude and rate of increase (Source: D. Cayan, April 2003,ISAO Workshop) Climate Change Predictions for Northern California Differ

19 Characterizing Climate Change Uncertainty Seek advice from other experts Develop/apply techniques for quantifying the uncertainty in climate change predictions Bookend approach –A lot warmer and wetter –A little bit warmer and drier Focus on predictions with least uncertainty –Increase air temperature only –Sea level rise

20 Initial Climate Change Investigations Bookend approach –A lot warmer and wetter (HadCM °C and +26.4% precip) –A little bit warmer and drier (PCM °C and -2.3% precip) Focus on predictions with least uncertainty –Increase air temperature only (1.5°C, 3°C, 5°C) –Sea level rise Challenge is to assign probabilities to each scenario, e.g. assume that each bookend or sensitivity range is equally likely

21 Consequence Assessment Bookend and sensitivity analysis approaches provide ranges of consequences for assumed hazards

22 Delta Inflow wy Bookend Approach Largest range during winter -200 TAF in Dec +1,100 TAF in Mar

23 Delta Inflow wy Sensitivity Analysis Shift in snowmelt and runoff

24 Risk Assessment The bookend and sensitivity analysis approaches provide ranges of consequences for assumed hazards Without assuming probabilities for the hazards –Risk assessment has yet to be conducted –Management choices have not been defined Uncertainty analysis is needed

25 Climate Change Uncertainty Analysis Develop monthly sensitivity patterns for: –Air temperature –Precipitation –Natural runoff Watershed scales (e.g. Oroville, Shasta, etc) Evaluated at projection milestones (e.g. 25 years out, 50 years out) Account for projection uncertainty: –Patterns from multiple CO 2 increase scenarios and/or multiple GCMs of each CO 2 scenario

26 Goals of Climate Change Risk Assessment Determine probabilities and potential impacts of incremental climate change on California’s water resources Risk information can be used to: –Develop management plans –Determine priorities in resource allocation –Develop mitigation measures Better information on climate change projection uncertainty is needed to conduct this type of risk assessment


Download ppt "Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water Resources Uncertainties in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on California’s Water."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google