Nat’l defense Public services (roads, libraries) Preserve order Education (socialize the young) Collect taxes Five Main Functions of Gov’t (in general)
Equality in Voting (representative) Effective Participation Enlightened understanding (free speech and free press) Citizen control of the agenda Inclusion (extend rights to all) Majority Rule with minority rights!!! Will of over half the voters, but can’t infringe on rights of minorities (protections) Traditional Democratic Theory
Definition: A set of values shared within a society In the U.S…. Liberty (freedoms) Egalitarianism (equality of opportunity) Individualism (ppl can get ahead on their own) Laissez-faire (little gov’t involvement) Populism (ordinary ppl vs. big interests) Political Culture in the U.S.
Pluralism – input from MANY interest groups is good for political decision-making process (represents many interests, all get piece of pie) Elitism – Nation’s elite (their $$) make decisions in gov’t (can finance campaigns) Hyperpluralism – So many groups will negatively affect gov’t ability to make policy – hands become tied b/c they want to please many groups The ISMs…Theories of American Democracy
The who of politics includes voters, candidates, groups and parties; the what refers to the A.) media organizations that cover voters, candidates, groups, and parties. B.) when a policy passes to the linkage institution. C.) institutions that respond to voters, candidates, groups, and parties. D.) substance of politics and government—benefits and burdens. E.) procedures through which voters, candidates, groups, and parties get what they want. Practice Question #1
Hyperpluralists differ from pluralists in their belief that A.) power should be centralized in one branch of government. B.) competition among groups leads to compromise and, hence, stronger policy. C.) the representation of too many interests is detrimental to policymaking. D.) only the wealthiest lobbyists are hear in Congress. E.) political groups get their funds exclusively from big business. Practice Question #2