Presentation on theme: "Monitoring Critical Systems & Integration Data Center Applications AFCOM – South Florida Chapter July 1st, 2009 Steve Van Duser Eaton Powerware Welcome."— Presentation transcript:
1 Monitoring Critical Systems & Integration Data Center Applications AFCOM – South Florida Chapter July 1st, Steve Van Duser Eaton PowerwareWelcome to the 2008 Eaton Product ConferenceRefer to the Glossy Product Literature in their binder.Walk thru the various pages of the brochure.
2 What is Critical Systems Monitoring? More than just power monitoringMore than building managementMore than network managementIt’s a total monitoring strategy!NetworksPowerEnvironmental
3 Examples of critical equipment UPS - Powerware, MGE, Mitsubishi, IPM, Liebert, APCPDU – Eaton, Liebert, PDI, United PowerSwitchgear / ATS – Eaton, Caterpillar, ASCO, GE, RusselectricStatic Switches - Cyberex, Liebert, United PowerDiesel generators - Caterpillar, Onan/Cummins, Detroit DieselAir Conditioners / Chillers - Liebert, DataAire, Air Flow, YorkPower Quality Meters – Eaton, GE, Sq-D, RochesterCommunications: SNMP, Modbus TCP, Web BrowserIn our 17 year history we have created interface drivers to well over 500 of the most common power and environmental systems on the market. In addition we continue to write new drivers constantly to leverage the latest in communication capabilities and new products.Typical points lists and driver qualifiers are available from the Eaton Foreseer office.
4 What do I need to know? - Power Is there a power failure?If there is a power failure, how wide spread is it?Did the generator start?Does the generator have enough fuel to run?Did the transfer switch work?Am I getting bad power from the utility?Am I causing my own problems?How much power am I consuming?
5 What do I need to know? - Environmental Is there enough cooling?Is the cooling correct?Is one unit working harder than the rest?Is the fire system armed and ready?Is the leak detection armed and ready?
6 What do I need to know? - Networks Is the network up?Are my devices communicating?Am I getting erroneous alarms?Am I getting notified when alarms occur?Am I getting meaningful data?
7 Sanity check Are you currently monitoring? Are you only looking at major alarms?Did you have to use the bundled “free” monitoring that came with your equipment?Did you have a major event in the last year and didn’t know how to respond to it?Is one system or vendor claiming responsibility?
8 Vendor Communications and Software Dry Contacts – Major AlarmsVoltage-free relaysSerial (RS-485)MODBUS RTUEthernet CommunicationsSNMPMODBUS TCP/IPWeb Browser (HTTP)SMTP ( )System SoftwareBackward compatibilityMigration to web-based
9 Integration into other systems - BMS Building Management SystemsJohnson Controls - MetasysSiemens - ApogeeHoneywell – ExcelAutomated Logic – WebCTRLSuggested Protocols:BACnetLonworksProfibus
10 Integration into other systems - NMS Network Management SystemsHP – HP OpenViewIBM – TivoliCA – UnicenterNagios – Open sourceSuggested Protocols:SNMP PollingSNMP Traps
11 Things get complicated fast… In traditional U.S. Army slang dating back to the Second World War, a blivet was defined as "ten pounds of manure in a five pound bag,"It was applied to an unmanageable situation, a crucial but substandard or damaged tool, or a self-important person.
12 Things to look out for Are all your eggs in one basket? Is the BMS or NMS really sending alerts from your critical equipment?Are you getting the information you need?Are you able to see things on your own computer?Are you blocked into a corner?No vendor is perfect…”he said she said”
13 Where do I start? Check for device communication capabilities Is anything connected to the device communications port?Is it Ethernet or serial or alarm contacts?What was provided with the equipment from the vendor?Are you able to do this yourself?
14 “The” foundational protocols IP- Internet Protocol (built for addressing & routing)Those switches we talked about address & routeTCP/IP- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet ProtocolGuaranteed packet deliveryWeb surfing, file transfers, …Session oriented (think like a telephone call)UDP/IP- Universal Datagram Protocol/Internet ProtocolInstant messaging, speech, streamingSession-less (think like a baseball)
15 “S” is for simple, “P” is for protocol Remember the bookends: “S”imple and “P”rotocolSNMP- Simple Network Management ProtocolSMTP- Simple Mail Transfer ProtocolSFTP- Simple File Transfer ProtocolSNTP- Simple Network Time ProtocolNTP- Network Time ProtocolFTP- File Transfer ProtocolDHCP- Dynamic Host Configuration ProtocolPOP3- Post Office Protocol [mate to SNMP]HTTP- HyperText Transfer Protocol
16 Today’s world - I get my news online! Sounds Complicated – Where do I start!If it’s not easy to use, you won’t use it!Start by surfing the Web, everyone can do that………
19 Today’s World - Your Critical Equipment Monitoring is Online!
20 Why would we want web browser monitoring? Because it’s easy to monitor with Web-Enabled!Lot’s of benefits……No software to install on your system. No software to add to your computers. No computers to add to your system. No keys or licenses to maintain. No Graphics to create. No Data files to create. Easy access from any computer. Easy access from any location. Easy Data file access. notification.This is what Web-enabled gives you.
21 A Web-based Architecture A Web-based architecture allows a web browser to access information. AnywhereWeb-enabled1Text…21
22 Safety Why Power Management? Power Quality Energy Consumption Power Continuity
23 Why Measure?“If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it!”
24 3 Fundamental Yardsticks System ReliabilityAm I OK?Will I be OK tomorrow, and the next day…?Energy Management- you and your UtilityEnergy consumption, instantaneous demand, and Power factor penalties are a billable itemPower QualityInterruptionsTransientsSurgesSagsSwellsFrequency variations
25 Monitoring and Verification - Metering Devices- Data Loggers- Power Management Software- Remote Monitoring and AnalysisMonitoring and Verification- Engineering Assessments & StudiesTurnkey ProjectsEngineering & Project ManagementHarmonic Mitigation & Power Factor Correction- Power Factor Capacitors- Tuned and Blocking Filters- Mitigating Transformers- Active Filters- Surge Protection on Power Lines, Telephone and Data Lines- Grounding/Bonding EnhancementsSurge Protection& Grounding- Voltage Regulation & Sag CorrectionTurnkey UPSFlywheel Ride-throughTransfer SwitchesBack-Up Power, UPS &Voltage Stabilization- Facility Risk Assessment- Predictive Diagnostics- Preventive Maintenance- UPTIME ServicesElectric System Reliability
26 Identify points to install metering Monitor incoming mains and feeder breaker trip units for energy and power information
27 Investment in Systems Ye Olde Clipboard For simple Energy usage (kWh) clipboards work fine.Not very practicalSore feet walking around!
29 Need a flexible system Complete Web-based System High end Power Quality Meters connect directly to the Ethernet LAN (built-in web pages)Ethernet Gateways (Data Loggers) bridge serial communicating meters to the Ethernet LAN (built-in web pages)Software provides holistic view of the entire power systemBuilt-in web graphics (reduces startup and commissioning costs)Based upon SQL Server for advanced data analysis and trending of energy and demand valuesOptional advanced reporting system for standard and customized energy and power quality reportsEasy as 1,2,3… All you need is a web browser!
30 Various ways to measure Broad range of metering devicesMetered circuit breaker trip unitsPanel mount metersUPS monitoringBranch circuit monitoringPDU monitoring
31 Power Management Solutions – Level 1 DeviceGood (RS-458 Modbus RTU)Device parameters are passed as Modbus registers over RS-485 daisy chain networkCompatible with leading BMS or SCADA systems hardware interfaces.Modbus RTU is easy to translate into other protocolsDeviceNetProfibusBACnetLonworksRS-485 Serial Communications PathSoftware System (BMS or Other)
32 Power Management Solutions – Level 2 DeviceBetter ( Ethernet Ready)Built-in Web Server for direct access via web browserDevice parameters are passed as Modbus registers over Modbus TCP/IP over EthernetCompatible with leading BMS or SCADA systems hardware interfaces.Modbus TCP/IP is able to be translated into other systemsOPCDeviceNetProfibusBACnetLonworksEthernet Communications w/ Built-in Web ServerStandard Web Browser (Client)
33 Power Management Solutions – Level 3 DevicesBest (System Software)Built-in web graphics (reduces startup and commissioning costs)Based upon SQL Server for advanced data analysis and trending of energy and demand valuesOptional advanced reporting system for standard and customized energy and power quality reportsEthernet communications standard or optional cardSQLComputer Server Web Based System
35 Power Xpert Web-based Solutions 3 User LevelsPower Xpert GatewaysEaton EquipmentNon-Eaton EquipmentData integration using SNMP or Modbus TCP/IPPower Xpert SoftwareSingle viewExtended device supportEnhanced Graphics3. Power Xpert Reporting SoftwareStandard ReportsSQL ProfessionalPDF, XML, or .CSVEnvironmental - A better knowledge of how energy is used within a facility allows you to identify an array of prospects to improve efficiency, minimize waste, and reduce energy consumption.Reliability — Assessment of data from the monitoring system can reveal existing or imminent issues that can adversely affect the operation within a facility. Historical data from power monitoring systems can help locate and correct both acute and chronic problems, resulting in increased productivity.Maintenance — Data trends can forecast and notify the appropriate people when discrete equipment parameters may be exceeded, allowing you to plan ahead.Safety — Monitoring systems can limit the exposure of personnel to potentially hazardous electrical environments by providing remote status and operational parameters of equipment within hazardous areas.
36 Level 1 – System DiagramBuilding Management or Network Management SystemLicensed ClientEthernet SwitchModbus TCP/IP SNMPModbusGatewayModbus RTU RS-485 NetworkWhen used in conjunction with PX Gateway, can communicate with PX Software. Templates are in PX Gateway and PX Software.Ethernet NetworkRS-485 Network
37 Level 2 – System DiagramBuilding Management or Network Management SystemWireless Web DevicesWeb BrowserEthernet SwitchHTTP (Web)Modbus TCP/IPWeb-basedGatewayModbus RTU RS-485 NetworkWhen used in conjunction with PX Gateway, can communicate with PX Software. Templates are in PX Gateway and PX Software.Ethernet NetworkRS-485 Network
38 Level 3 – System Diagram Generator UPS or PDU Switchgear Web-enabled MeterWeb-based SoftwareWeb-enabled GatewayNetwork Time ServerNetwork SwitchDevice CommsEthernetDevice CommsDevice CommsGeneratorUPS or PDUSwitchgearMotor Control Center
39 What is a Web-enabled Gateway? A Web-enabled Gateway is a critical component in a web-based communications architectureThe gateway converts field bus protocols, that are local to the devices, up to the Ethernet network that is accessible via the Local Area Network (LAN) to a standard web browser.It generally supports up to 64 devices using 2 portsUpstream:Internet ProtocolWeb browser, Power Xpert Software or 3rd Party SoftwareWeb/SNMP TCP/IPModBus TCP/IPDownstream:Field Bus ProtocolsEaton or 3rd Party DevicesINCOMModBus RTU
40 Integrate Diverse Systems Integration of many systems to a single Ethernet Gateway via Modbus RS-485Diesel Gen UPSSwitch Gear ATSStatic Switch PDUCRAC Fuel ManagementSeq of Events Power Quality MetersBattery Monitor ChillersLeak Detect Temp/HumidityNetwork Mgr Building MgrBranch Circuit MonitorSingle web browser console to:Simplified TrainingConsolidated AlarmsTime Synced Event HistoryInterface to: BMS, NMS, Inventory & Trouble TicketBy taking this open communication approach Foreseer can bring all of your systems to one single portal, one piece of software, one central location for all alarm notifications. By doing this alarms can be intelligently filtered as to appropriate individuals or groups depending on type or severity of alarm. Time of day and day of week sensitive notification as well as escalation schemes can easily be established.Since all of these systems are now coordinated to one central clock (potentially to 1ms accuracy) the event history reads chronologically greatly enhancing forensic event analysis. This is also the where Foreseer can interface to a number of third party systems such as Network management or building management systems, trouble ticketing and inventory control products. Foreseer can even serve as a communication gateway to allow equipment to communicate in languages they are not natively equipped for such as SNMP to the NMS (Network Management System) from a legacy chiller plant.
41 Provides support for many vendors UPS - Powerware, MGE, Mitsubishi, IPM, Liebert, APCPDU – Eaton, Liebert, PDI, United PowerSwitchgear / ATS – Eaton, Caterpillar, ASCO, GE, RusselectricStatic Switches - Cyberex, Liebert, United PowerDiesel generators - Caterpillar, Onan/Cummins, Detroit DieselAir Conditioners / Chillers - Liebert, DataAire, Air Flow, YorkPower Quality Meters – Eaton, GE, Sq-D, RochesterLeverages all new protocols-SNMP, OPC, BacnetWeb etc.In our 17 year history we have created interface drivers to well over 500 of the most common power and environmental systems on the market. In addition we continue to write new drivers constantly to leverage the latest in communication capabilities and new products.Typical points lists and driver qualifiers are available from the Eaton Foreseer office.
42 Web-enabled Gateway - Features Real-time data trendingData and event logging, export .csv files for analysisUser-settable eventsWaveform capture and file downloadsnotification of events
44 Home page gives a high level system summary with device status, communication status and events.
45 Expand the Event Summary to view all Events for a given Main/Bus grouping. Events are shown in chronological order, newest being at the top of the list.
46 Data trending icon shown for trendable parameters Data trending icon shown for trendable parameters. Click to view real-time trend graph.
47 Web-enabled Gateway – Data Trending Data trends can be viewed for each meter or trip unit per phase
48 Bus page, or second level summary, shown here Bus page, or second level summary, shown here. You can still view the Main summary info on the left side of the screen. This page provides a device status and comm status for the group of devices below the Bus.
49 Waveform icon shown for devices that have waveform support Waveform icon shown for devices that have waveform support. Click to view list of waveform events and download COMTRADE waveform files. View files with a standard COMTRADE file viewer.
50 Here you can see the representation of a waveform capture from the PXP meter. Regardless of brand, they all look the same and the same analytical tools are available to you. Here you can see a combination waveform display showing all three phases in time sync coordination. No need to create transparencies of the three phase and attempt to line them up. Independent phase cursors can be overlaid to display critical amplitude values and the appropriate 1ms time stamp. Time period differences can be obtained by a click of the mouse. These files can be saved and ed to external experts for detailed analysis. Remember using time synchronization, these files and those from Sequence of event recorders can be compared at 1ms intervals for cause and effect analysis of breaker trips, UPS responses and so forth.