2 2 What is Critical Systems Monitoring? More than just power monitoring More than building management More than network management Its a total monitoring strategy!
3 3 Examples of critical equipment UPS - Powerware, MGE, Mitsubishi, IPM, Liebert, APC PDU – Eaton, Liebert, PDI, United Power Switchgear / ATS – Eaton, Caterpillar, ASCO, GE, Russelectric Static Switches - Cyberex, Liebert, United Power Diesel generators - Caterpillar, Onan/Cummins, Detroit Diesel Air Conditioners / Chillers - Liebert, DataAire, Air Flow, York Power Quality Meters – Eaton, GE, Sq-D, Rochester Communications: SNMP, Modbus TCP, Web Browser
4 4 What do I need to know? - Power Is there a power failure? If there is a power failure, how wide spread is it? Did the generator start? Does the generator have enough fuel to run? Did the transfer switch work? Am I getting bad power from the utility? Am I causing my own problems? How much power am I consuming?
5 5 What do I need to know? - Environmental Is there enough cooling? Is the cooling correct? Is one unit working harder than the rest? Is the fire system armed and ready? Is the leak detection armed and ready?
6 6 What do I need to know? - Networks Is the network up? Are my devices communicating? Am I getting erroneous alarms? Am I getting notified when alarms occur? Am I getting meaningful data?
7 7 Sanity check Are you currently monitoring? Are you only looking at major alarms? Did you have to use the bundled free monitoring that came with your equipment? Did you have a major event in the last year and didnt know how to respond to it? Is one system or vendor claiming responsibility?
8 8 Vendor Communications and Software Dry Contacts – Major Alarms Voltage-free relays Serial (RS-485) MODBUS RTU Ethernet Communications SNMP MODBUS TCP/IP Web Browser (HTTP) SMTP ( ) System Software Backward compatibility Migration to web-based
9 9 Integration into other systems - BMS Building Management Systems Johnson Controls - Metasys Siemens - Apogee Honeywell – Excel Automated Logic – WebCTRL Suggested Protocols: BACnet Lonworks Profibus
10 Integration into other systems - NMS Network Management Systems HP – HP OpenView IBM – Tivoli CA – Unicenter Nagios – Open source Suggested Protocols: SNMP Polling SNMP Traps
11 Things get complicated fast… In traditional U.S. Army slang dating back to the Second World War, a blivet was defined as "ten pounds of manure in a five pound bag," It was applied to an unmanageable situation, a crucial but substandard or damaged tool, or a self-important person.
12 Things to look out for Are all your eggs in one basket? Is the BMS or NMS really sending alerts from your critical equipment? Are you getting the information you need? Are you able to see things on your own computer? Are you blocked into a corner? No vendor is perfect…he said she said
13 Where do I start? Check for device communication capabilities Is anything connected to the device communications port? Is it Ethernet or serial or alarm contacts? What was provided with the equipment from the vendor? Are you able to do this yourself?
14 The foundational protocols IP- Internet Protocol (built for addressing & routing)IP- Internet Protocol (built for addressing & routing) Those switches we talked about address & routeThose switches we talked about address & route TCP/IP- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet ProtocolTCP/IP- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Guaranteed packet delivery Web surfing, file transfers, … Session oriented (think like a telephone call) UDP/IP- Universal Datagram Protocol/Internet ProtocolUDP/IP- Universal Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol Instant messaging, speech, streaming Session-less (think like a baseball)
15 S is for simple, P is for protocol SNMP- Simple Network Management Protocol SMTP- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SFTP- Simple File Transfer Protocol SNTP- Simple Network Time Protocol Remember the bookends: Simple and Protocol NTP- Network Time Protocol FTP- File Transfer Protocol DHCP- Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol POP3- Post Office Protocol [mate to SNMP] HTTP- HyperText Transfer Protocol
16 Todays world - I get my news online! Sounds Complicated – Where do I start! Start by surfing the Web, everyone can do that……… If its not easy to use, you wont use it!
17 Todays world – My weather is online!
18 Todays world - I shop online!
19 Todays World - Your Critical Equipment Monitoring is Online!
20 Why would we want web browser monitoring? Because its easy to monitor with Web-Enabled! No software to install on your system. No software to add to your computers. No computers to add to your system. No keys or licenses to maintain. No Graphics to create. No Data files to create. Easy access from any computer. Easy access from any location. Easy Data file access. notification. Lots of benefits……
21 A Web-based architecture allows a web browser to access information. Anywhere A Web-based Architecture 1 Web-enabled
22 Why Power Management? Energy Consumption Power Quality Power Continuity
23 Why Measure? If you cant measure it, you cant manage it!
24 System Reliability Am I OK? Will I be OK tomorrow, and the next day…? Energy Management- you and your Utility Energy consumption, instantaneous demand, and Power factor penalties are a billable item Power Quality Interruptions Transients Surges Sags Swells Frequency variations 3 Fundamental Yardsticks
25 - Metering Devices - Data Loggers - Power Management Software - Remote Monitoring and Analysis Monitoring and Verification - Surge Protection on Power Lines, Telephone and Data Lines - Grounding/Bonding Enhancements Surge Protection & Grounding - Facility Risk Assessment - Predictive Diagnostics - Preventive Maintenance - UPTIME Services Electric System Reliability Harmonic Mitigation & Power Factor Correction - Power Factor Capacitors - Tuned and Blocking Filters - Mitigating Transformers - Active Filters - Voltage Regulation & Sag Correction -Turnkey UPS -Flywheel Ride-through -Transfer Switches Back-Up Power, UPS & Voltage Stabilization - Engineering Assessments & Studies - Turnkey Projects Engineering & Project Management Monitoring and Verification
26 Identify points to install metering Monitor incoming mains and feeder breaker trip units for energy and power information
27 Investment in Systems Ye Olde Clipboard For simple Energy usage (kWh) clipboards work fine. Not very practical Sore feet walking around!
28 Which cure do I need?
29 Complete Web-based System 1.High end Power Quality Meters connect directly to the Ethernet LAN (built-in web pages) 2.Ethernet Gateways (Data Loggers) bridge serial communicating meters to the Ethernet LAN (built-in web pages) 3.Software provides holistic view of the entire power system Built-in web graphics (reduces startup and commissioning costs) Based upon SQL Server for advanced data analysis and trending of energy and demand values Optional advanced reporting system for standard and customized energy and power quality reports Easy as 1,2,3… All you need is a web browser! Need a flexible system
30 Broad range of metering devices Metered circuit breaker trip units Panel mount meters UPS monitoring Branch circuit monitoring PDU monitoring Various ways to measure
31 Power Management Solutions – Level 1 Good (RS-458 Modbus RTU) Device parameters are passed as Modbus registers over RS-485 daisy chain network Compatible with leading BMS or SCADA systems hardware interfaces. Modbus RTU is easy to translate into other protocols DeviceNet Profibus BACnet Lonworks Software System (BMS or Other) Device RS-485 Serial Communications Path
32 Power Management Solutions – Level 2 Standard Web Browser (Client) Device Ethernet Communications w/ Built-in Web Server Better ( Ethernet Ready) Built-in Web Server for direct access via web browser Device parameters are passed as Modbus registers over Modbus TCP/IP over Ethernet Compatible with leading BMS or SCADA systems hardware interfaces. Modbus TCP/IP is able to be translated into other systems OPC DeviceNet Profibus BACnet Lonworks
33 Power Management Solutions – Level 3 Computer Server Web Based System Ethernet communications standard or optional card Best (System Software) Built-in web graphics (reduces startup and commissioning costs) Based upon SQL Server for advanced data analysis and trending of energy and demand values Optional advanced reporting system for standard and customized energy and power quality reports Devices SQL
35 3 User Levels 1.Power Xpert Gateways Eaton Equipment Non-Eaton Equipment Data integration using SNMP or Modbus TCP/IP 2.Power Xpert Software Single view Extended device support Enhanced Graphics 3. Power Xpert Reporting Software Standard Reports SQL Professional PDF, XML, or.CSV Power Xpert Web-based Solutions
36 Level 1 – System Diagram Building Management or Network Management System Licensed Client Ethernet Network RS-485 Network Modbus RTU RS-485 Network Modbus Gateway Ethernet Switch Modbus TCP/IP SNMP
37 Level 2 – System Diagram Wireless Web Devices Web Browser Ethernet Network RS-485 Network Modbus RTU RS-485 Network Web- based Gateway Ethernet Switch Modbus TCP/IP HTTP (Web) Building Management or Network Management System
38 Motor Control Center Switchgear UPS or PDU Generator Device Comms Ethernet Level 3 – System Diagram Web-based Software Network Time Server Web-enabled Meter Web-enabled Gateway Network Switch
39 What is a Web-enabled Gateway? A Web-enabled Gateway is a critical component in a web-based communications architecture The gateway converts field bus protocols, that are local to the devices, up to the Ethernet network that is accessible via the Local Area Network (LAN) to a standard web browser. It generally supports up to 64 devices using 2 ports INCOM ModBus RTU Web/SNMP TCP/IP ModBus TCP/IP Upstream: Internet Protocol Downstream: Field Bus Protocols Eaton or 3 rd Party Devices Web browser, Power Xpert Software or 3 rd Party Software
40 Integrate Diverse Systems Diesel Gen UPS Switch Gear ATS Static Switch PDU CRAC Fuel Management Seq of Events Power Quality Meters Battery Monitor Chillers Leak Detect Temp/Humidity Network Mgr Building Mgr Branch Circuit Monitor Integration of many systems to a single Ethernet Gateway via Modbus RS-485 Single web browser console to: Simplified Training Consolidated Alarms Time Synced Event History Interface to: BMS, NMS, Inventory & Trouble Ticket
41 Provides support for many vendors UPS - Powerware, MGE, Mitsubishi, IPM, Liebert, APC PDU – Eaton, Liebert, PDI, United Power Switchgear / ATS – Eaton, Caterpillar, ASCO, GE, Russelectric Static Switches - Cyberex, Liebert, United Power Diesel generators - Caterpillar, Onan/Cummins, Detroit Diesel Air Conditioners / Chillers - Liebert, DataAire, Air Flow, York Power Quality Meters – Eaton, GE, Sq-D, Rochester Leverages all new protocols-SNMP, OPC, BacnetWeb etc.
42 Web-enabled Gateway - Features Real-time data trending Data and event logging, export.csv files for analysis User-settable events Waveform capture and file downloads notification of events
43 Web-enabled Gateway Monitoring
44 Home page gives a high level system summary with device status, communication status and events.
45 Expand the Event Summary to view all Events for a given Main/Bus grouping. Events are shown in chronological order, newest being at the top of the list.
46 Data trending icon shown for trendable parameters. Click to view real-time trend graph.
47 Data trends can be viewed for each meter or trip unit per phase Web-enabled Gateway – Data Trending
48 Bus page, or second level summary, shown here. You can still view the Main summary info on the left side of the screen. This page provides a device status and comm status for the group of devices below the Bus.
49 Waveform icon shown for devices that have waveform support. Click to view list of waveform events and download COMTRADE waveform files. View files with a standard COMTRADE file viewer.