The Context… Jesus had just finished the Parables of… The Lost Sheep The Lost Coin
The Audience… Pharisees and other Skeptics who… could not understand that Jesus would eat with sinners
The Characters… There are Three Characters… The Younger Son The Older Son The Father
The Parable is About… God… and how God Responds to Those Who Renounce Him
The Sin Of The Son Luke 15:11-12 There was a man who had two sons. 12 And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the share of property that is coming to me…. And he divided his property between them.
The Sin Of The Son Luke 15:13 Not many days later, the younger son gathered all he had and took a journey into a far country, and there he squandered his property in reckless living. He offends by publicly liquidating part of the familys inheritance and insulting his father
The Misery The Prodigal Sinks Into Luke 15:14 And when he had spent everything, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in need. Hes in need and there is no one who really cares for him – especially when the money runs out
The Misery The Prodigal Sinks Into Luke 15:15 So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs He glues himself to a Gentile
The Misery The Prodigal Sinks Into Luke 15:16-17 And he was longing to be fed with the pods that the pigs ate, and no one gave him anything. 17 But when he came to himself, he said, How many of my fathers hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger!
The Audience… At this point in the story, Jesus audience would have been drawn in and approving of the story – they suspected that Jesus eating with tax collectors and sinners meant that he was soft on sin. … as this story unfolds they are happy to hear that Jesus does have a serious view of sin and its misery.
The Sons Solution To His Problem Even though reduced to starvation – he still thinks he can work his way out of his situation… Luke 15:18-19 I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Treat me as one of your hired servants.
The Sons Solution To His Problem What is his plan? He wants to get his father to allow him to work off his debt
The Sons Solution To His Problem Did there appear to be a motive associated with honoring his father…. or was he simply trying to eat better? Luke 15:17b …How many of my fathers hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger!
What Did the Son Really Do? Luke 15:17 But when he came to himself, he said, How many of my fathers hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger!
Revolutionary Teaching of this Parable He came to himself.. does not mean he truly repented coming to himself is not the same as being brought back by God
The Astounding Love Of The Father Luke 15:20 And he arose and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and felt compassion, and ran and embraced him and kissed him.
The Astounding Love Of The Father The father does the unthinkable - he runs! Luke 20:15 his father saw him…and ran and embraced him and kissed him.
The Son is…. Overwhelmed by the Love and Grace of the Father
Luke 15:18-19 I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Treat me as one of your hired servants He never did say this…
The Astounding Love Of The Father He keeps on kissing his son The son is so moved, he does not complete his speech as he planned – his plan to earn off his debt evaporates when he sees the fathers love
True Repentance… Is when God --- by Grace --- overwhelms a person with Forgiveness and Love and moves that person into fellowship with God It is a Gift from God to You
The Astounding Love Of The Father Luke 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring quickly the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. The father restores him as a trusted son
The Astounding Love Of The Father Luke 15:23 And bring the fattened calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate. The father throws a party – he is filled with joy and wants to share it with everyone!
What This All Means For Prodigals And Other Sinners Sin is worse than we think – it is running away and telling God I wish you were dead We must give up trying to fix it ourselves - it is deeply offensive to God – it is a slandering of the work of His Son
What This All Means For Prodigals And Other Sinners Repentance is not pleading with God for a second chance so that we can pay off our debt and thus keep our dignity – it is collapsing on mercy alone… in Gods Power The deepest repentance comes from the freedom of full forgiveness
What This All Means For Prodigals And Other Sinners Because of the Grace of God through Christ, we get… the ring (trust) the robe (honor) and the shoes (dignity) that we dont deserve
Selah…. We get to bask in the Fathers indescribable joy We get the party and the fatted calf for the feast
Why? 2 Corinthians 5:21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
So What do we do now? We Celebrate the Great Grace of God through Christ!