# 36. State the main points of Dalton’s atom theory using your own words

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36. State the main points of Dalton’s atom theory using your own words
36. State the main points of Dalton’s atom theory using your own words. Which parts of Dalton’s theory were later found to be erroneous? Explain. Atoms are not indivisible and all atoms of an element are not identical

39. What particles are found in the nucleus of an atom
39. What particles are found in the nucleus of an atom? What is the charge of the nucleus? Protons and neutron; positive (charge equal to the number protons)

44. Explain why atoms are electrically neutral.
The number of protons equals the number of electrons

46. Which particles account for most of an atom’s mass?
Protons and neutrons

58. How do isotopes of a given element differ? How are they similar?
Differ: number of neutrons, masses Similar: chemical properties, number of protons and electrons.

59. How is an atom’s atomic number related to its number of protons
59. How is an atom’s atomic number related to its number of protons? To its number of electrons? They are all equal. (when neutral)

60. How is the mass number related to the number of protons and neutrons an atom has?
Mass number = # of p + # of n

61. How can you determine the number of neutrons in an atom if its mass number and its atomic number are known? # of n = mass number - atomic number

62. What do the superscript and the subscript in the notation 4019 K represent?
Superscript = mass number (40) (p + n) and subscript = atomic number (19) (p)

Are the following isotopes of each other? Explain.
Mg Mg Mg Yes. Isotopes are atoms of the same element with different atomic mass but the same number of protons

Does the existence of isotopes contradict part
of Dalton’s original atomic theory? Explain. Yes. Not all atoms of an element are identical in mass.