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Zoology Review Game. Characteristics of animals Heterotrophic, multicellular, lack cell walls, eukaryotic.

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Presentation on theme: "Zoology Review Game. Characteristics of animals Heterotrophic, multicellular, lack cell walls, eukaryotic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Zoology Review Game

2 Characteristics of animals Heterotrophic, multicellular, lack cell walls, eukaryotic

3 What are filter feeders? Animals that strain floating plants and animals from water

4 What process do simple animals use move oxygen and carbon dioxide through bodies? diffusion

5 Which symmetry shows distinct left and right sides? bilateral

6 What is a blastula? Hollow ball of cells

7 Which germ layer gives rise to muscles, circulatory and excretory systems? mesoderm

8 Which germ layer gives rise to epidermis? ectoderm

9 What substance to sponges produce to protect themselves? toxins

10 Do sponges use internal or external fertilization? internal

11 What are gemmules and how are they beneficial to sponges? They are form of asexual reproduction that allow sponge to survive long periods of harsh conditions

12 Why are flagella important to sponges? Help to move water through its body

13 Why are some sponges green? They have photosynthetic algae in tissues

14 What is the function of spicules in sponges? Focus and direct incoming light

15 ?

16 How do sponges benefit marine animals? Provide habitat

17 How do some sponges play an important role in primary productivity of reef? Have symbiotic relationships with photosynthetic organisms

18 What are cnidocytes and how do they help cnidarian to survive? Poison darts that paralyze prey

19 What are the simplest animals to have body symmetry? Cnidarians

20 What two functions do nematocysts form? Defense and capture prey

21 What are characteristics of cnidarians? Carnivorous, stinging tentacles arranged around mouth, simplest animals to have body symmetry; two forms – medusa and polyp

22 In a hydra, gastroderm and epidermis are separated by the ___________? mesoglea

23 How do polyps differ from medusas? Polyps are cylindrical and usually sessile, medusas are bell-shaped and motile

24 The nerve cells of cnidarians make up the ____________? Nerve net

25 Cells that sense gravity are called _____________? statocysts

26 What is the function of the gastrovascular cavity? digestion

27 Why is coral bleaching a serious ecological threat? Causes corals to die

28 What is the function of the scolex in tapeworms? Attach to intestinal wall

29 What organ grinds food into small pieces in earthworms? gizzard

30 ?

31 What is the structure labeled ‘D’ above? pharynx

32 What is the animal called? flatworm

33 What is the structure in a tapeworm that contains the reproductive organs? proglottid

34 In which host does a parasite reproduce asexually? intermediate host

35 ?

36 Which type of worm is an external parasite? leech

37 What organ releases wastes in earthworms? nephridia

38 What is a key difference between roundworms and earthworms? Earthworms have segments

39 Why are earthworms beneficial to gardeners? Tunnel and prove passageways for roots and water

40 How are larvae of marine animals important? Part of food chain

41 Which animals have a true coelom? Annelids, arthropods, mollusks, chordates

42 What are the four parts of a mollusks body? Foot Mantle Visceral mass

43 What is the spade-like burrowing structure of a mollusk called? radula

44 What is the radula of a mollusk a modification of? foot

45 A pond snail belongs to what group of mollusks? gastropods

46 Which group of mollusks is the most active? cephalopods

47 What is a detrivore? Eats dead or decaying plants and animals

48 Which group of animals contains the most species? arthropods

49 What does molting important in arthropods? Allows them to grow as they shed their skin

50 What two body parts are important in arthropod classification? Body segments and appendages

51 Which appendages are especially important in arthropod classification? mouthparts

52 How do you tell the difference between an insect and a spider? Counts its legs

53 What two things do spiders and crayfish have in common? Cephalothorax and abdomen

54 How do spiders feed? Suck up liquefied tissues of prey

55 How many legs does a centipede have per segment? one

56 What are the 3 parts of an insects body? Head, thorax, abdomen

57 What is an example of an animal that undergoes incomplete metamorphosis? tick

58 Which of the following is NOT a stage of complete metamorphosis? a. nymph b. egg c. larvae nymph

59 What body part to insects use to detect minute movements in its environment? Sensory hairs

60 How does a nymph and a larvae differ? Nymph resembles adult but larvae does not

61 How do honeybees use dancing? To convey information about food

62 What would you study to determine whether an animals is a cnidarian or an echinoderm? Its habitat, see if it has backbone, embryonic development study embryonic development

63 In echinoderms, body parts occur in multiples of _______? five

64 How are echinoderms like vertebrates (in terms of embryonic development)? Both are deuterostomes

65 Which structure in an echinoderm acts like a living suction cup? Tube foot

66 What body functions of the echinoderm are the water vascular system involved in? All except reproduction

67 What is the classification of a deuterostome based on? What happens to blastopore

68 Some type of symmetry is found in all invertebrates EXCEPT sponges

69 Which invertebrates have a true digestive tract? Annelids

70 What is cephalization? Concentration of sense organs in the front of the body

71 Which invertebrates have radial symmetry? Cnidarians and echinoderms

72 What organ carries out gas exchange in insects? Tracheal tubes

73 Which of the following animals have an open circulatory system? Sponge, cnidarian, arthropod arthropod

74 What is the function of the excretory system in animals? Get rid of wastes

75 What is the importance of expelling waste as uric acid and have moist respiratory system? Reduce water loss

76 Which organs exchange gases in fish? gills

77 Which organ in fish adjusts it buoyancy? Swim bladder

78 What structure helps fish to detect currents in water? Lateral line system

79 What is an example if a jawless fish? lamprey

80 What feature distinguishes fishes from amphibians? scales

81 What is an amphibian? Animal that breaths with gills as larvae and lungs as adults

82 What organ is missing from adult salamanders? lungs

83 What are the only areas that reptiles can not live? cold

84 How do reptiles warm themselves? Bask in sun

85 What type of fertilization do reptiles have? Internal or external Internal fertilization

86 Most reptiles are oviparous or viviparous oviparous

87 What part of a bird’s respiratory system stores food before it enters the stomach? crop

88 What are characteristics of mammals? Hair Give birth to live young Nourish young with milk

89 How can you tell difference between egg of reptile and bird’s egg? Test hardness of outer shell

90 How can you tell difference between egg of reptile and bird’s egg? Test hardness of outer shell

91 What are the three groups of mammals? Monotremes Marsupials Placental mammals

92 What body system includes the rumen? digestive

93 Which group of mammals lays eggs? monotremes

94 What do mammals that have baleen feed on? plankton

95 What is a marsupial? Young develops in a pouch

96 What is an example of a marsupial? kangaroo

97 How many chambers does a fish heart have? Two – one atrium and one ventricle

98 What animal has a gestational period of two years? elephant

99 What is the importance of panting? Allows animals that can’t sweat to cool down

100 What is the difference between an endotherm and an exotherm? Endotherm regulates its body temperature, exotherm can not

101 Which animal has the most efficient respiratory system? bird

102 Why is a one way respiratory system important to birds? Allows them to be efficient at getting oxygen from air

103 what is the function of ligaments? Connect vertebrae (bone to bone)

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