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1.What are each of the protists on the right? 2.How do you know? 3.What are the 5 kingdoms? 4.How do fungi and plant cells differ? 5.How do fungi and animal.

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Presentation on theme: "1.What are each of the protists on the right? 2.How do you know? 3.What are the 5 kingdoms? 4.How do fungi and plant cells differ? 5.How do fungi and animal."— Presentation transcript:

1 1.What are each of the protists on the right? 2.How do you know? 3.What are the 5 kingdoms? 4.How do fungi and plant cells differ? 5.How do fungi and animal cells differ? 6.What are the parts of the cell and what are they used for? 3/15

2 1.What kingdom do each of the cells below belong to? How do you know? 2.What are each of the organisms to the right? 3.How does the first differ from the rest? 4.Label the parts of the cell in the bottom right. 5.What are the three shapes in order of the bacteria? 6.What are chloroplasts? 7.What is a heterotroph? Autotroph? 8.Which kingdom has the largest variety of organisms? 9.How do fungi obtain food? 3/22

3 2/24 1.What kingdom are we studying now? 2.Why are there so many of them? 3.What effects do they have on us? 4.Ho do they differ from a virus? 5.What is a mutation and what effects do they have? 6.The first organism that was found on earth was cyanobacteria…. Why have they been around so long?

4 3/23 1.What kingdom do the organisms to the right belong to? 2.How do you know? 3.What are they? 4.What is the difference between the first two? Second two? 5.What kingdom are they most similar to? Explain 6.How can you tell the difference between a plant, animal and fungi cell? 7.How are they different then protists?

5 3/20 1.What type of kingdom do the cells in the top belong to? Why? The bottom? 2.What is a eukaryote and a prokaryote? What kingdom has each of the above? 3.What is an autotroph? What is another name for one? 4.What is an Heterotroph? What is another name for one? 5.Which kingdoms are unicellular? 6.What part of the microsocope should you use to change the amount of light? 7.What objective should you start on? 8.Which knob do you adjust first? What is the purpose of it?

6 3/11 1.What are the three prostists we are looking at? 2.How do they differ? 3.What type of paramecium does each picture to the right represent? 4.What kingdom do the [picture below belong to? What shape are they? 5.How do plant and animal cells differ?

7 Commo n name CatMounta in lion CheetahWolf Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Canidae Felis PantheraCanis domesticu s concolorparduslupus Seg- ment ed jaw s hairpla cen ta Multi cellul ar lim bs kangaroo earthwor m amoeba lizard cat sponge salmon /17 1.Draw a cladogram using the first chart. 2.According to the 2nd cart which two organisms are most alike? 3.What classification levels do they have in common? 4.Which two are least alike? Why? 5.What classification levels do they all share? 6.What is the scientific name of the cheetah? 7.What does sessile mean? 8.What are the five kingdoms? 9.Give characteristics of the bacteria kingdom. 10.How are they different then prostist?

8 1. Label the parts of the microscope. 2.What objective should you always start out on? 3. What knob should you turn first? 4. What is the purpose of the diaphragm? 5. What is the main difference between a protist and bacteria? 6. Which kingdoms are heterotroph? Autotroph? 7. What are the differences between a plant and animal cell?

9 3/19 1.What are the levels of classification. 2. If a wolf has a genus of canis and a species of lupus what is the scientific name. 3. What are the five kingdoms? 4. What kingdom do each of the cells to the right belong to. Explain. 5. What type of cells do the pictures below represent? How do you know? 6. What are the parts of the cell?

10 3/8 1.What are all organisms made up of? 2.What kingdoms do the organisms on the left belong to? The right? 3.How do they differ? 4.Define the following words: Heterotroph Autotroph Unicellular Multicellular Nucleus Prokaryote Eukaryote

11 3/2 1.What are all organisms made up of? 2.What is a eukaryote and a prokaryote? What kingdom has each of the above? 3.What is an autotroph? What is another name for one? 4.What kingdoms have autotrophs? 5.What is an Heterotroph? What is another name for one? 6.What kingdoms have heterotrophs? 7.Which kingdoms are unicellular? 8. Define the following: Unicellular, Multicellular, Nucleus

12 Heterotroph- Organisms that consume food (consumer) Autotroph- Organisms that make their own food through photosynthesis (producer) Unicellular- Consisting of one cell Multicellular- Consisting of many cells Nucleus- The “brain” of the cell Prokaryote- an organism with only one cell and no nucleus Eukaryote- an organism with cells and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane

13 Vocabulary Cytoplasm-Thick watery substance that fills the cell Chloroplasts -carries out photosynthesis in plants Cell Membrane- Outer layer of the cell Cell Wall- The rigid outermost cell layer found in plants and certain algae, bacteria, and fungi

14 Pseudopod: (False Foot): A temporary projection of the cytoplasm that serves in locomotion and capturing food Cilia: microscopic hair like structures on the outside of the cell that aid in locomotion Flagella: whip like structure that functions in locomotion

15 Sessile: permanently attached, cannot move Photosynthesis: process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make food.

16 Nucleus Cell membrane cytoplasm Animal Cell (cheek)Plant Cell

17 Body tube Nose Piece Objective Stage Clips Diaphragm Light Source Eye piece Arm Stage Course Adjustment knob Fine Adjustment Knob Base

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19 Monerans (bacteria) Prokaryote Unicellular Autotrophs or heterotrophs Some move Earliest forms of life Microscopic

20 Protists Eukaryote Unicellular Autotrophs or heterotrophs Some have the ability to move Very small Ex. Ameoba, paramecium, euglena, Slime mold

21 Pseudopod (False Foot): A temporary projection of the cytoplasm that serves in locomotion and capturing food Cell membrane cytoplasm Nucleus

22 Cilia: microscopic hair like Structure on the outside of the cell aid in locomotion Cell membrane Nucleus Cilia cytoplasm Nucleus

23 Flagella: whip like structure that functions in locomotion flagella

24 Eukaryote Multicellular (many cells) Heterotroph Do not move (sessile) Ex. Mold, mildew, yeasts, mushrooms

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27 Eukaryote Multicellular Autotroph (photosynthesis) Do not move (sessile) Ex. Mosses, ferns, trees, flowering plants

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29 Most diverse kingdom Eukaryote Multicellular Heterotroph Can move Ex. Hydra, sponge, worm, clam, grasshopper, frog, human

30 Some are Big

31 AND SOME ARE SMALL

32

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34 Mobility

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36 Prokaryotic = NO NUCLEUS


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