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Honors English September 14, 2006

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1 Honors English September 14, 2006
Agenda: Background notes - The Old English and Medieval Periods: Anglo Saxons A.D From Legend To History: Unit 1 - Prentice Hall Literature, The British Tradition Pages

2 Timeline A.D. 449-1485 British and World Events
Anglo Saxon Invasion 476 - Fall of the Roman Empire 552 - Buddhism introduced (Japan) 591 - Book printing (China) 653 - Celtics spread Christianity 771 - Charlemagne 800 - Machu Picchu c Algebra (Baghdad) Macbeth kills Duncan I c Feudalism 982/c.1020 Vikings in Greenland and N. America

3 Timeline A.D. 449-1485 British and World Events
Norman Conquest First Crusade Thomas Becket murdered c First paper (Spain) Magna Carta Genghis Khan Marco Polo End Crusades Divine Comedy Aztec calendar Hundred Years War Black Death (Plague)

4 Timeline A.D. 449-1485 British and World Events
Bible translated to English Canterbury Tales Joan of Arc Hundred Years War ends Gutenberg Bible = War of the Roses Botticelli = The Birth of Venus c Morte d’Arthur Height of Inca Empire

5 From Legend To History 800 - 600 BC - Celts invade the British Isles
Britons (Britian) Gaels (ireland) Celts = farmers, hunters live in clans - chieftains, druids 55 BC AD = Romans (Christianity) church established (Canterbury) 597 AD 407 AD = Anglo Saxons (Germanic) brought feudalism (farmers and fishermen)

6 From Legend To History c. 800 AD - The Danish Invasion (Vikings)
King Alfred (“The Great”) saved so. Britian 886 - no. Britian = Danes; so. Britian = Saxons Alfred encouraged learning and education King Edward (“The Confessor”) The Norman Conquest Viking decendents in no. France William claimed ancestry rights to throne Battle of Hastings = William prevailed Language = No. French or Latin Feudalism

7 From Legend To History 1154 AD - The Plantagenets
Henry II appointed Thomas Becket to Canterbury Henry establishes pilgrimage to Canterbury (seeking atonement) following the murder of Becket Magna Carta (“The Great Charter”) Richard I (focus on wars - Crusades) King John - taxed to repay Richard’s debts, resulting in impending civil war . . . MC = restrictions on royal power; beginning of constitutional government in England

8 Literature of the Period
Anglo-Saxon Literature - Oral poetry - heroic poetry; elegiac poetry Beowulf = epic poem; National epic of England author = unknown - likely recited orally (c. 6th C) Evolved values - Christian and Latin influences values of warrior society evident Prose - written in Latin; transcribed by monks in “vernacular” 731 - History of the English Church and People (Bede) Anglo-Saxon Chronicles = written in Old English Drama - Geoffrey Chaucer Miracle Plays (Mystery Plays) Morality Plays

9 Literature of the Period
An Emerging National Identity - Johann Gutenberg perfects movable type = printing William Caxton sets up printing press prints Chaucer’s works Geoffrey Chaucer - served the nobility as an administrator Opportunity to observe various classes of people The Canterbury Tales - cross section of medieval society First modern writers - greater dimension of realism Satire

10 Literature of the Period
Romances, Lyrics, Ballads - romances - tales of adventure, knights, superheroic deeds, unnatural events King Arthur = great Celtic hero Morte d’Arthur (Malory) Lyric poetry - developed as accompaniment for lyre Secular: Love and Nature Religious: Hymns and Prayers Ballad - folk song that tells a story Robin Hood

11 Two Funerals Evolution of values as portrayed through excerpts -
from Beowulf from “A Farewell to the ‘People’s Princess’”

12 The Changing English Language - The Beginnings of English
c. 400 AD Angles, Saxons, Jutes invade Brittania Low Germanic language Anglo-Saxon (Old English) Old English is drastically different from Middle English and Modern English Some basic words of life survive; others are adapted from other languages, esp. Latin and Greek Middle English came with Normans (French Vikings) Infusion of French words in English language

13 From Legend To History Lancasters, Yorks, Tudors
1399 = Lancaster replaces plantagenets Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI York challenges Lancaster rule War of the Roses ( ) Henry Tudor (from France) = Lancastrian Led rebellion against Richard III; killed Richard III at Bosworth Field Crowned Henry VII - married Richard’s niece = Elizabeth Plantagenet - united families and ended War of the Roses. The Black Death ( ) 1381 = Peasant’s Revolt

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