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Honors English September 14, 2006 Agenda: Background notes - The Old English and Medieval Periods: Anglo Saxons A.D. 449 - 1485 From Legend To History:

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Presentation on theme: "Honors English September 14, 2006 Agenda: Background notes - The Old English and Medieval Periods: Anglo Saxons A.D. 449 - 1485 From Legend To History:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Honors English September 14, 2006 Agenda: Background notes - The Old English and Medieval Periods: Anglo Saxons A.D. 449 - 1485 From Legend To History: Unit 1 - Prentice Hall Literature, The British Tradition Pages 1 - 12Agenda: Background notes - The Old English and Medieval Periods: Anglo Saxons A.D. 449 - 1485 From Legend To History: Unit 1 - Prentice Hall Literature, The British Tradition Pages 1 - 12

2 Timeline A.D. 449-1485 British and World Events 449 - Anglo Saxon Invasion 476 - Fall of the Roman Empire 552 - Buddhism introduced (Japan) 591 - Book printing (China) 653 - Celtics spread Christianity 771 - Charlemagne 800 - Machu Picchu c. 810 - Algebra (Baghdad) 1040 - Macbeth kills Duncan I c. 900 - Feudalism 982/c.1020 Vikings in Greenland and N. America 449 - Anglo Saxon Invasion 476 - Fall of the Roman Empire 552 - Buddhism introduced (Japan) 591 - Book printing (China) 653 - Celtics spread Christianity 771 - Charlemagne 800 - Machu Picchu c. 810 - Algebra (Baghdad) 1040 - Macbeth kills Duncan I c. 900 - Feudalism 982/c.1020 Vikings in Greenland and N. America

3 Timeline A.D. 449-1485 British and World Events 1066 - Norman Conquest 1096 - First Crusade 1170 - Thomas Becket murdered c. 1150 First paper (Spain) 1215 - Magna Carta 1214 - Genghis Khan 1275 - Marco Polo 1291 - End Crusades 1307 - Divine Comedy 1325 - Aztec calendar 1337 - Hundred Years War 1348 - Black Death (Plague) 1066 - Norman Conquest 1096 - First Crusade 1170 - Thomas Becket murdered c. 1150 First paper (Spain) 1215 - Magna Carta 1214 - Genghis Khan 1275 - Marco Polo 1291 - End Crusades 1307 - Divine Comedy 1325 - Aztec calendar 1337 - Hundred Years War 1348 - Black Death (Plague)

4 Timeline A.D. 449-1485 British and World Events 1381 - Bible translated to English 1386 - Canterbury Tales 1429 - Joan of Arc 1453 - Hundred Years War ends 1453 - Gutenberg Bible 1455 - 1485 = War of the Roses 1484 - Botticelli = The Birth of Venus c. 1470 - Morte dArthur 1485 - Height of Inca Empire 1381 - Bible translated to English 1386 - Canterbury Tales 1429 - Joan of Arc 1453 - Hundred Years War ends 1453 - Gutenberg Bible 1455 - 1485 = War of the Roses 1484 - Botticelli = The Birth of Venus c. 1470 - Morte dArthur 1485 - Height of Inca Empire

5 From Legend To History 800 - 600 BC - Celts invade the British Isles Britons (Britian) Gaels (ireland) Celts = farmers, hunters live in clans - chieftains, druids 55 BC - 407 AD = Romans (Christianity) church established (Canterbury) 597 AD 407 AD = Anglo Saxons (Germanic) brought feudalism (farmers and fishermen) 800 - 600 BC - Celts invade the British Isles Britons (Britian) Gaels (ireland) Celts = farmers, hunters live in clans - chieftains, druids 55 BC - 407 AD = Romans (Christianity) church established (Canterbury) 597 AD 407 AD = Anglo Saxons (Germanic) brought feudalism (farmers and fishermen)

6 From Legend To History c. 800 AD - The Danish Invasion (Vikings) King Alfred (The Great) saved so. Britian 886 - no. Britian = Danes; so. Britian = Saxons Alfred encouraged learning and education 1042 - King Edward (The Confessor) 1066 - The Norman Conquest Viking decendents in no. France William claimed ancestry rights to throne Battle of Hastings = William prevailed Language = No. French or Latin Feudalism c. 800 AD - The Danish Invasion (Vikings) King Alfred (The Great) saved so. Britian 886 - no. Britian = Danes; so. Britian = Saxons Alfred encouraged learning and education 1042 - King Edward (The Confessor) 1066 - The Norman Conquest Viking decendents in no. France William claimed ancestry rights to throne Battle of Hastings = William prevailed Language = No. French or Latin Feudalism

7 From Legend To History 1154 AD - The Plantagenets Henry II appointed Thomas Becket to Canterbury 1170 - Henry establishes pilgrimage to Canterbury (seeking atonement) following the murder of Becket Magna Carta (The Great Charter) Richard I (focus on wars - Crusades) King John - taxed to repay Richards debts, resulting in impending civil war... MC = restrictions on royal power; beginning of constitutional government in England 1154 AD - The Plantagenets Henry II appointed Thomas Becket to Canterbury 1170 - Henry establishes pilgrimage to Canterbury (seeking atonement) following the murder of Becket Magna Carta (The Great Charter) Richard I (focus on wars - Crusades) King John - taxed to repay Richards debts, resulting in impending civil war... MC = restrictions on royal power; beginning of constitutional government in England

8 Literature of the Period Anglo-Saxon Literature - Oral poetry - heroic poetry; elegiac poetry Beowulf = epic poem; National epic of England author = unknown - likely recited orally (c. 6th C) Evolved values - Christian and Latin influences values of warrior society evident Prose - written in Latin; transcribed by monks in vernacular 731 - History of the English Church and People (Bede) Anglo-Saxon Chronicles = written in Old English Drama - Geoffrey Chaucer Miracle Plays (Mystery Plays) Morality Plays Anglo-Saxon Literature - Oral poetry - heroic poetry; elegiac poetry Beowulf = epic poem; National epic of England author = unknown - likely recited orally (c. 6th C) Evolved values - Christian and Latin influences values of warrior society evident Prose - written in Latin; transcribed by monks in vernacular 731 - History of the English Church and People (Bede) Anglo-Saxon Chronicles = written in Old English Drama - Geoffrey Chaucer Miracle Plays (Mystery Plays) Morality Plays

9 Literature of the Period An Emerging National Identity - 1454 - Johann Gutenberg perfects movable type = printing 1476 - William Caxton sets up printing press prints Chaucers works Geoffrey Chaucer - served the nobility as an administrator Opportunity to observe various classes of people The Canterbury Tales - cross section of medieval society First modern writers - greater dimension of realism Satire An Emerging National Identity - 1454 - Johann Gutenberg perfects movable type = printing 1476 - William Caxton sets up printing press prints Chaucers works Geoffrey Chaucer - served the nobility as an administrator Opportunity to observe various classes of people The Canterbury Tales - cross section of medieval society First modern writers - greater dimension of realism Satire

10 Literature of the Period Romances, Lyrics, Ballads - romances - tales of adventure, knights, superheroic deeds, unnatural events King Arthur = great Celtic hero Morte dArthur (Malory) Lyric poetry - developed as accompaniment for lyre Secular: Love and Nature Religious: Hymns and Prayers Ballad - folk song that tells a story Robin Hood Romances, Lyrics, Ballads - romances - tales of adventure, knights, superheroic deeds, unnatural events King Arthur = great Celtic hero Morte dArthur (Malory) Lyric poetry - developed as accompaniment for lyre Secular: Love and Nature Religious: Hymns and Prayers Ballad - folk song that tells a story Robin Hood

11 Two Funerals Evolution of values as portrayed through excerpts - from Beowulf from A Farewell to the Peoples Princess Evolution of values as portrayed through excerpts - from Beowulf from A Farewell to the Peoples Princess

12 The Changing English Language - The Beginnings of English English - c. 400 AD Angles, Saxons, Jutes invade Brittania Low Germanic language Anglo-Saxon (Old English) Old English is drastically different from Middle English and Modern English Some basic words of life survive; others are adapted from other languages, esp. Latin and Greek Middle English came with Normans (French Vikings) Infusion of French words in English language English - c. 400 AD Angles, Saxons, Jutes invade Brittania Low Germanic language Anglo-Saxon (Old English) Old English is drastically different from Middle English and Modern English Some basic words of life survive; others are adapted from other languages, esp. Latin and Greek Middle English came with Normans (French Vikings) Infusion of French words in English language

13 From Legend To History Lancasters, Yorks, Tudors 1399 = Lancaster replaces plantagenets Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI York challenges Lancaster rule War of the Roses (1455 - 1485) Henry Tudor (from France) = Lancastrian Led rebellion against Richard III; killed Richard III at Bosworth Field Crowned Henry VII - married Richards niece = Elizabeth Plantagenet - united families and ended War of the Roses. The Black Death (1348 - 1349) 1381 = Peasants Revolt Lancasters, Yorks, Tudors 1399 = Lancaster replaces plantagenets Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI York challenges Lancaster rule War of the Roses (1455 - 1485) Henry Tudor (from France) = Lancastrian Led rebellion against Richard III; killed Richard III at Bosworth Field Crowned Henry VII - married Richards niece = Elizabeth Plantagenet - united families and ended War of the Roses. The Black Death (1348 - 1349) 1381 = Peasants Revolt


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