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Cyberbullying The New Bully on the Block Julie Phillips North Texas University.

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Presentation on theme: "Cyberbullying The New Bully on the Block Julie Phillips North Texas University."— Presentation transcript:


2 Cyberbullying The New Bully on the Block Julie Phillips North Texas University

3 Cyberbullies  Using technology to repeatedly inflict harm on others 5  All ages, genders, races, socioeconomic levels  Cybervictims 9 times more likely to become cyberbullies 26  Most often bully for entertainment  Frequent Internet users  Girls cyberbully more often than traditional bullying 25

4  Occurs non-stop 24/7  40% of children are cyberbullied 8  89% know someone 9  47% Have witness cyberbullying online

5 Texting Calling Emailing Instant Messaging Online gaming Virtual Worlds Interactive Rating Sites Sending Pictures or Videos Methods

6 Attacks  Direct Attack 17,26  Text messaging  Blog posts  Sending pictures or videos  Polling websites  Interactive gaming Methods  Indirect Attack 1  Warning wars  Incorrect reporting of “abusive” or “spam” postings  Identity theft

7 Profile  Academically gifted less likely to be cyberbullied  Socially isolated more likely to be cyberbullied 20  Girls 4, 25  Chat rooms (27%)  Text messages (22%)  Email (14%)  Picture and video cyberbullying has greatest effect 21 Cybervictim

8 Teens  66% go online daily 12  75% have social media accounts 12  78% have been using Internet for more than three years 14 Results 14  35% of middle school children have be cyberbullied  46% of high school children have been cyberbullied Most common cybervictim age is 13-15 25,, 14 Cybervictim

9 Effects  More devastating than traditional bullying  Continuous attacks 24/7  Quick dissemination of information  Victim does not know the identity of attacker 9 Cybervictim

10 Results  Family problems  Academic problems  School delinquency  Delinquent behavior  School violence  Hurt themselves or others  Eating disorders  Substance abuse  Frustration  Anger  Sadness  Depression  Suicidal thoughts  Post-traumatic stress disorder  Low self esteem Cyberbullying

11 Results Family problems Academic problems School delinquency Delinquent behavior School violence Hurt themselves or others Eating disorders Substance abuse 1,13,18, 23, 28 Frustration Anger Sadness Depression Suicidal thoughts Post-traumatic stress disorder Low self esteem 1,13,18, 23 Cyberbullying


13 Consequences  Very little fear of exposure 14  Loss of Internet privileges/account suspended 1  Service provider  Specific website access  State and federal charges  Identify theft  misdemeanor charges for cyberharrassment Cyberbullying

14 Who is responsible? Prevention  Children  Parents  Schools  Law Enforcement

15 Children  Awareness  What is cyberbullying?  Safe Internet usage taught in Elementary School  Avoidance 21  Block text messages or emails  Changing phone numbers or email accounts Prevention  Gender  Male- physical retaliation 9  Female 4  Confide in a friend  Stay off line  Did nothing

16 Students Helping Students 17  Assure students they are not alone  Acknowledge emotional impact  Encourage victims to speak up  Share personal stories  Conflict resolution  Strategies for dealing with cyberbullies Prevention

17 Popular Cyberbullying Videos Justin Bieber Demi Lovato Cyberbu//y The Movie Prevention

18 Keeping Students Safe  Know what a cyberbully is  Never give out passwords  Always log off websites  Stop and think before you post  Never open emails from someone you don’t know  Use privacy settings  “Google” yourself  Do not cyberbully anyone else Prevention

19 Parents  Problems  Infrequent parental monitoring of computer usage 28  Communication barriers  Suggestions 10  Monitor/restrict technology usage  Install tracking and filtering software  Report cases of cyberbullying to school or law enforcement  Make children aware of consequences of poor digital decisions Prevention

20 Schools  Assemblies have little effect  Hard to punish—doesn’t always happen on campus  Less than 40% of schools have a cyberbullying protocol 3  Need to develop response guidelines  Develop digital citizenship behaviors protocols  Teacher’s response 22  Talk to cyberbully  Take away privileges  Report incident to administrators Prevention

21 Law Enforcement 17  No Federal laws regarding cyberbullying  49 states have ant bullying laws  47 include online harassment  17 refer specifically to cyberbullying  12 include criminal sanctions  All require schools to have ant bullying policy  School Safety Officers  Educate parents and students  25% unaware of cyberbullying law Prevention

22  Tell someone  Do not respond  Do not retaliate  Save cyberbullying communications  Block or restrict cyberbullies access Conclusion

23 Law Enforcement Parents Schools Children STOP CYBERBULLYING Cyberbullying is limited only by the imagination and bandwidth of the kids Perry Aftab, founder of

24 References 1.A Aftab, P., & WiredSafety Group. (2012). Stop cyberbullying. Retrieved from 2.kbulut, Y. (2011). Bullying: New bullying study. Education Letter. Retrieved from 3.Bhat, C. Chang, S., & Linscott, J. (2010) Addressing cyberbullying as a media literacy issue. New Horizons in Education. 58(3), 34-43. 4.Burgess-Proctor, A., Patchin, J. W. & Hinduja, S. (2009). Cyberbullying and online harassment: Reconceptualizing the victimization of adolescent girls (p. 162-176). In V. Garcia and J. Clifford (Eds.). Female Crime Victims: Reality Reconsidered. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. 5.Cetin, B., Eroglu, Y., Peker, A., Akbaba, S., & Pepsoy, S. (2012). The investigation of relationship among relational- interdependent self-construal, cyberbullying, and psychological disharmony in adolescents: an investigation of structural equation modeling. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 12(2), 646-653. 6.Gaggle. (2010). Gaggle launches strategic partnership with CyberSmart!. Technology Business Journal. Retrieved from 7.Greenhow, C. (2010). New concept of citizenship for the digital age. Learning & Leading with Technology, 37(6), 24-25 8.Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2011). High-tech cruelty. Educational Leadership, 68(5), 48-52. 9.Hoff, D., & Mitchell, S. (2009). Cyberbullying: Causes, effects, and remedies. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(5), 652-665. doi: 10.Kowalski, R., Limber, S., & Garston, P. (2008). Cyber bullying: Bullying in the digital age. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 11.Lenhart, A., Purcell, K., Smith, A., & Zickuhr, K. (2010). Social media and young adults. Retrieved from Pew Internet and American Life Project at 12.Lenhart, A. (2009). Cyberbullying what the research is telling us. [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from 13.Munn, D. (2013). Cyberbullying requires a balanced approach. Guelph Mercury. Retrieved from SIRS Researcher. 14.National Crime Prevention Council. (2007). Teens and cyberbullying. Retrieved from 15.Nassau County District Attorney. (2012). Justin Bieber on cyberbullying. Retrieved from

25 References 16.Niemeyer, S. (2008). A legal analysis of anti-bullying laws in the united states: Are the laws adequate to address cyberbullying? (Order No. 3361193, The University of Mississippi). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 147. Retrieved from (prod.academic_MSTAR_304532086). 17.Patchin, J., & Hinduja, S. (2013). Cyberbullying research center. Retrieved from 18.Patchin, J., & Hinduja, S. (2006). Bullies move beyond the schoolyard: A preliminary look at cyberbullying. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 4(2), 148-169. 19.Secret Deodorant. (2012). Don’t be a cyberbully. Retrieved from 20.Siegel, D. (2010). Cyberbullying and sexting: Technology abuses of the 21st century. Gifted Child Today, 33(2), 14-16. 21.Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(4), 376-385. 22.Stauffer, S., Heath, M., Coyne, S., & Ferrin, S. (2012). High school teachers' perceptions of cyberbullying prevention and intervention strategies. Psychology In The Schools, 49(4), 352-367. 23.Toshack, T., & Colmar, S. (2012). A cyberbullying intervention with primary-aged students. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 2(2) 268-278. 24.United States Department of Justice. (nd). Stop cyberbullying before it starts. Retrieved from 25.Stop%20Cyberbullying%20Before%20It%20Starts.pdf 26.Wade, A. & Beran, T. (2011) Cyberbullying: The new era of bullying. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. (26)1 44- 61. 27.Walrave, M., & Heirman, W. (2011). Cyberbullying: Predicting victimization and perpetration. Children & Society, 25(1), 59-72. 28.Wright, V. H., Burnham, J. J., Inman, C. T., & Ogorchock, H. N. (2009). Cyberbullying: using virtual scenarios to educate and raise awareness. Journal Of Computing In Teacher Education, 26(1), 35-42. 29.Ybarra M., & Mitchell K., (2004). Online aggressor⁄targets, aggressors, and targets: A comparison of associated youth characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 45: 1308–1316. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00328.x.

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