Presentation on theme: "? What was the Judiciary Act of 1801?. Judiciary Act of 1801 Created new judgeships to be filled by the president John Adams filled the vacancies with."— Presentation transcript:
? What was the Judiciary Act of 1801?
Judiciary Act of 1801 Created new judgeships to be filled by the president John Adams filled the vacancies with party supporters (Midnight Judges) before he left office Led to bitter resentment by the incoming Jeffersonian Republican Party Act would play a role in the case of Marbury v. Madison
? Name the causes of the War of 1812
War of 1812 British Impressments of American sailors American frontiersmen wanted more free land, as the west was held by Native Americans and the British The US suspected the British were encouraging Native Americans rebellion War Hawk Congressional leaders, such as Henry Clay and John Calhoun, pressed for intervention War Hawks desired annexation of Canada and Florida Despite the Embargo Act and the Non-Intercourse Act, hostilities could not be cooled The US sided with France against Britain.
TR AS A PROGRESSIVE TO 1909
AMERICA IN 1901 POPULATION 0F 76 MILLION ONE OUT OF 7 WERE FOREIGN BORN BETWEEN 1900 & MILLION NEW IMMIGRANTS ARRIVED.
THE PROGRESSIVE REFORM MOVEMENT BEGINS TARGETS: MONOPOLIES, GOVERNMENT CORRUPTION, SOCIAL INJUSTICE, CONSUMER PROTECTION, CHILD LABOR, SLUM CONDITIONS, AND MORE.
PROGRESSIVE ASSUMPTIONS: INDIVIDUALS ALONE ARE OVERWHELMED BY FORCES THEY CAN NOT CONTROL THE PEOPLE WORKING THROUGH GOVERNMENT CAN CORRECT INJUSTICE. PROGRESS IS POSSIBLE.
PROGRESSIVE WRITERS HENRY LLOYD DEMAREST: WEALTH AGAINST COMMONWEALTH – Criticized Standard Oil – Beginning of investigative journalism. THORSTEIN VEBLEN: THEORY OF THE LEISURE CLASS – CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION. – Assailed the nouveau riche JACOB RIIS: HOW THE OTHER HALF LIVES – Exposed the dirt, disease, vice, and misery of the rat- infested New York slums – Heavily influenced Theodore Roosevelt
MORE… THEODORE DREISER:AN AMERICAN TRAGEDY – Published in 1925, the book is the story of a young man, Clyde Griffiths, whose troubles with women and the law take him from his religious upbringing in Kansas City to the fictional town of Lycurgus, New York – The book is naturalistic in style, containing subject matter such as religion, capital punishment and abortion. WRITERS ATTACK BLOODY CAPITALISM JOHN SPARGO: THE BITTER CRY OF CHILDREN – Exposed the abuses of child labor MANY CALL FOR SOCIALISM:
TR First Modern President BULLY PULPIT REFORM 1 ST TO PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN WORLD AFFAIRS
TR THE FIRST MODERN PRESIDENT I CAN DO ALL IT SAYS I CAN DO IN THE CONSTITUTION, AND ANYTHING IT DOESNT BAR ME FROM DOING. STEWARDSHIP THEORY: PRESIDENT SHOULD PURSUE THE INTERESTS OF THE PEOPLE.
TRS SQUARE DEAL CONTROL CORPORATIONS CONSUMER PROTECTION CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES
TR A CONSERVATIVE REFORMER. NEVER TRY THE IMPOSSIBLE. NEVER TOOK ON THE TARIFF ISSUE. ATTACKED ONLY SOME TRUSTS, NOT ALL TRUSTS. HE CHOSE HIS BATTLES CAREFULLY.
TR & THE COAL STRIKE JOHN MITCHELL LEADS STRIKE BY UNITED MINE WORKERS. MINE OWNERS REFUSE TO RECOGNIZE THE UNION OR NEGOTIATE. – THEY EXPECT TR TO SEND TROOPS – HE REFUSES. TR MEDIATES THE STRIKE, JAW BONES THE OWNERS. THREATENS TO SEIZE THE MINES.
TR AS TRUST BUSTER FIRST PRESIDENT TO USE SHERMAN ACT AGAINST A MONOPOLY. FILE SUIT AGAINST NORTHERN SECURITIES COMPANY 1902 – SUPREME COURT IN 5 TO 4 RULES IN FAVOR OF THE GOVERNMENT.
TR: GOOD AND BAD TRUSTS IF A TRUST EXPLOITS ITS POWER IT IS BAD AND SHOULD BE BROKEN UP. IF A TRUST IS NOT EXPLOITIVE LEAVE IT ALONE. SUPREME COURT LATER CALLS THIS THE RULE OF REASON. US STEEL IS AN EXAMPLE OF A GOOD TRUST.
TR AND CONSERVATION FIRST PRESIDENT TO SET ASIDE LAND. NEWLANDS ACT OF 1902: FEDERAL IRRIGATION PROJECTS NEWLANDS RECLAMATION ACT OF 1902 MAKES CONSERVATION POPULAR APPOINTS GIFFORD PINCHOT CHIEF FORESTER.
MORE… CALLS GOVERNORS CONFERENCE ON CONSERVATION 1908 TR BELIEVED IN RATIONAL USE OF RESOURCES.
TR AND CONSUMER PROTECTION TR AND THE JUNGLE PASSES PURE FOOD & DRUG ACT 1906 MEAT INSPECTION ACT 1906