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THE UNIVERSITY OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES APPLIED LINGUISTICS CAREER CORONEL ROJAS CINDY INÉS DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION QUITO, MAY 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "THE UNIVERSITY OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES APPLIED LINGUISTICS CAREER CORONEL ROJAS CINDY INÉS DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION QUITO, MAY 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE UNIVERSITY OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES APPLIED LINGUISTICS CAREER CORONEL ROJAS CINDY INÉS DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION QUITO, MAY 2014

2 “ THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TEACHERS´ SALARIES AND THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS´ ATTENDING THE FIRST YEAR OF HIGH SCHOOL IN THE UNIDAD EDUCATIVA TECNICA EXPERIMENTAL MITAD DEL MUNDO IN SAN ANTONIO DE PICHINCHA, IN QUITO, DURING THE FIRST TERM, SCHOOL YEAR ” CORONEL ROJAS CINDY INÉS Applied Linguistics Career CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS INTRODUCTION This research has to see with the education, that means any act that has a formative effect, so it is very important to society, because it constitutes the fundamental role where we build the future of children and adolescents. That is why, transcendence and importance to analyze the quality of education and its link ith the salary of teachers..

3 Identification of the Problem CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS The education system must have a fundamental role in the socioeconomic development of Ecuadorian society so it is necessary to know which primary sources are the factors that affect the improvement of educational quality.

4 The Problem CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Lack of teacher training provided by educational authorities Low self-esteem of teachers to apply pedagogical knowledge. Monthly remuneration does not satisfy the socio- economic needs of teachers Students are not motivated to perform in class. There is no implementation of new teaching techniques. Teachers are not motivated for educational productivity Students do not assimilate correctly the concepts given in class. Low academic performance in periodic assessments. Low educational quality of the students in the Unidad Educativa Técnica Experimental Mitad del Mundo. C1C2 C3 E1E2E3E4 C4

5 Objectives General  To establish the relationship between the teachers´ salaries and quality of education for students in the UNIDAD EDUCATIVA TÉCNICA EXPERIMENTAL MITAD DEL MUNDO. CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS - Specific  Investigate and provide the salary of teachers in the Unidad Educativa Experimental Mitad de Mundo.  Diagnose the factors that impact positively or negatively on the quality of education according to the survey established in the school.  Analyze statistical information provided by the development of the survey in the school.

6 Variables Matrix Independent Variable : Salary of teachers Dependent Variable: Quality of education CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS - Independent Variable. Teacher´s Salary. The salary is an important function in the workplace for the employer and employee. It rewards employees for their efforts in looking objectives of the organization and at the same time, offer employers to express their gratitude for the current employee performance and achievements. Dependent Variable. The quality of education. The phrase "quality education" is simple current version of the terminology that we have traditionally masked functions of our educational system. Quality education occurs when students are learning, schools and universities create value for those they serve and those who serve them.

7 Education Policies in Ecuador CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS  Ten- Year Plan of education 2006 – 2015 (PDE)  Policies of the Ten-Year Plan of Education. (Plan Decenal de Educación).  Policy 1 : Universalization of initial education from zero to five years of age.  Policy 2 : Universalization of basic General education from first through tenth years.  Policy 3: Increase of enrolment in high school at least until 75% of the corresponding age population.  Policy 4: Eradication of illiteracy and continues education for adults.  Policy 5: Improvement of physical infrastructure and equipment of educational institutions.  Policy 6: Improvement of the quality and equity of education and implementation of a national system of evaluation and social accountability.  Policy 7: Revaluation of the teaching profession and improving initial training, training and permanent working conditions and quality of life.

8 Actual Situation of Education in Ecuador CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Level Teacher Certification

9 CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Hypothesis Working hypothesis The value of teacher’s salary affects the quality of education in the Unidad Educativa Técnica Experimental Mitad del Mundo of Quito in the school year Null Hypothesis The value of the teacher’s salary does not affect the quality of education in theUnidad Educativa Técnica Experimental Mitad del Mundo of Quito in the school year MAGISTERIUM NATIONAL LADDER ScaleTeachers Salary Eight $478 Seventh $ 612 Sixth $ 741 Fifth $ 897 Fourth $ 987 Third $ Second $ First $ 1523

10 Methodological Design CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS -  RESEARCH TYPE AND DESING Descriptive and of field. The technique for collecting data was the survey. The study was quantitative and transversal.  POPULATION SIZE AND SAMPLE The first year courses of high school education and teachers´. 340 students of first year of high school 100 surveys to teachers.  FIELD WORK The research administered survey conducted at the Unidad Educativa Técnica Experimental Mitad del Mundo, which is located, on Avenue Manuel Córdova Galarza y 21 de Marzo during the school year  INSTRUMENTS FOR DATA COLLECTION The survey was a data collection technique through which the researcher asks the investigation on the data. The questionnaire Likent was an instrument that collects information through a set of questions

11 Calculation of Sample Sample of the student population  where: n = size of the sample N = 2970  = 0.5 Z = e = 0.05  This calculation determined to perform 340 survey the students of the educational institution. Sample population of teachers  Where: n = size of the sample N = 134  = 0,5 Z = 1,96. e = 0,05  This calculation determined to perform 100 surveys to the teachers of the educational institution. CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS - The formula used for calculating the sample for finite populations is:

12 CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Survey Results for Students N°QUESTION STR ON GLY AGR EE DISA GREE STRON GLY DISAGR EE 1 How would you rate your level of motivation to attend classes? Are the teaching methods of teachers are considered suitable for the current state of society? Do you think that the students use the time given in class to the learning process? Do you consider that the material support for the learning process is appropriate? Do you think the labor remuneration of his teacher is fair in relation to the quality of the education that you received? How would you rate the quality of education in the Unidad Educativa Mitad del Mundo? Do you agree that a better remuneration for teachers would be crucial for a better quality of education? How do you perceive the academic preparation of teachers of the Education Unit? TOTAL

13 Survey Results for Teachers CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS N°QUESTION STRONG LY AGREE AGREE DISA GRE E STRO NGL Y DISA GREE 1 How would you rate your motivation level to teach class? Are the methods of teaching students are considered adequate for the current situation of society? Do you think students take advantage of the time given in class for the learning process? Do you consider that the material support for the learning process is appropriate? Do you consider that your labor remuneration is fair? How would you rate the level of quality in the Unidad Educativa Eperimental Mitad del Mundo? In relation to the salary benefits, these are a motivation to improve the quality of education? The salary of the teacher is linked by the preparation and/or training. That is to say while it prepares me or I qualify do I have better salary and therefore do I have major incentive to work? TOTAL

14 Chi-Square CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Better salary affects in the educational quality Student´s Answer % (A) Teachers answer % (B) (A) - (B) = ( C ) ( C ) 2 (B)( C ) 2 / ( B ) Strongly agree 6218,24%3535%-0,170,0281 0,35 0,0803 Agree 17551,47%2525%0,260,0701 0,25 0,2803 Disagree 7923,24%3333%-0,100,0095 0,33 0,0289 Strongly disagree 247,06%77%0,000,0000 0,07 0,0000 Total %100100% X 2 = 0,389

15 CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Methodological Design SURVEY DATA: Total students 2970 Total teachers 134 Sample size 340 survey for students Sample size 100 survey for teachers Statical error 5% Confidence Level 95% ANALYSIS OF RESULTS Working hypothesis (H0): the value of teacher´s salary affects in the educational quality Null hypothesis (H1): the value of the teacher´s salary does not affect in the educational quality Chi-square value calculated0,3895 Degrees freedom of the applied survey 3 Confidence level95% Chi-square table value0,3500 Do not reject H0 if X2 is less than or equal to 0.35 Reject H0 if X2 is greater than 0,35 Conclusion : The calculated value is greater than chi square table value , then the null hypothesis is rejected and the value of the teacher’s salary affects the quality of education.

16 Graphical exposition of results CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Graphic Testing of Results Numerical and Graphical Results

17 The Proposal – Analysis of Stakeholders CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS GROUPSINTERESTPROBLEMS MANDATES AND RESOURCES STUDENTS Personal Improvement through education of quality to be better citizens and contribute to society The field research revealed inefficiencies in the quality of education Students improve their academic performance TEACHER- ADVISOR Increase the quality of education to comply with its purpose of teaching The results of the research showed that the teachers do not have to provide motivating processes of education professionals Contribute to the education of future professionals who will contribute to the society COMMUNITY The community is responsible for providing the best educational tools for young people. The results of student assessment tests show poor academic performance of students of the educational school investigated. The community is responsible for providing quality education to young people.

18 The Proposal CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Narrative summary of objectives Indicators Means of verification Presumptions 1. Objectives To encourage Quality education system for students of Unidad Educativa Técnica Experimental Mitad del Mundo. Reduction of the number of school fails Academic qualifications of students. Students balanced assimilate the knowledge imparted by teachers. 2. Purpose Improve the quality of education with the implementation of the Plan of motivation for teachers of Unidad Educativa Técnica Experimental Mitad del Mundo. Attendance of teachers to the motivation plan organized from the Unit Education. Educational Qualifications for teachers. Statistical information from the survey. Teachers accept and participate actively in the plan of motivation. 3. Components Incentive payment for teachers based on academic performance. Training to teachers about technological tools for supporting implement pedagogical. Teachers receive salary bonus to improve their job performance and contribute to increasing the quality of education. Amount of bonus. Record of attendance at training sessions. Educative Institutions can man payments for own public teachers.

19 The Proposal CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Narrative summary of objectives Indicators Means of verification Presumptions ActivitiesResourcesCost - Evaluate teacher’s academic performance and give salary incentives. - Training teachers about different topics: Quality Education, Motivation in class, technology tools. - Evaluate teachers about the application of the instruments learned during the training. -Evaluate report -Survey among teachers and consultation with experts in the field of educational training. - Evaluations of teachers and students with regard to the implementation of what has been learned in the training US$ 1,200 US $ 50,00 US $ 50,00 Budget Hiring specialized consulting to determine which factors in delivering basic salary incentives.

20 Evaluation CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS In the evaluation of the processes, the focus was on the activities done by the teachers and students, and their indicators. Considering the evaluation of the result the objective were the components, the proposal, and objective of the project.

21 Conclusions CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS The null hypothesis was rejected, so the working hypothesis is proven in research and the remuneration salary of teachers affects the quality of education. The teachers believe that training and extra labor benefits are positive to their activity teaching.. The students are in agreement on linking the quality of education and better salary remuneration of teachers.

22 Recomendations CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS 1.Evaluate periodically to the teachers and students to know if there is a change in the perception of quality of education. 2.Schedule training plans for teachers, so they can participate in training programs that should be evaluated to obtain the views of stakeholders and to maintain constant feedback information. 3. To promote the implementation of a motivation plan for the teachers of Unidad Educativa Mitad del Mundo.

23 CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Applied Linguistics Career CINDY INÉS CORONEL ROJAS Thanks For Your Attention… ESPE


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