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CARE Peru Rural Housing Reconstruction Program: From Emergency Response to the Establishment of a National Rural Housing Policy in Peru.

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Presentation on theme: "CARE Peru Rural Housing Reconstruction Program: From Emergency Response to the Establishment of a National Rural Housing Policy in Peru."— Presentation transcript:

1 CARE Peru Rural Housing Reconstruction Program: From Emergency Response to the Establishment of a National Rural Housing Policy in Peru

2 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” The August 15 Earthquake An 8.0-magnitude earthquake rocked the southern coast of Peru causing widespread destruction of homes, roads, schools, hospitals and community buildings 593 dead, 318 missing, 2,800 severely wounded 75,786 destroyed and severely damaged homes Intense aftershocks up to 6.0-magnitude continued in the days following Power lines went down and access to water, food and medical treatment was initially limited

3 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Humanitarian Response Phase Provided humanitarian aid to 12,019 families in four prioritized provinces: Cañete, Chincha, Castrovirreyna and Huaytará Distributed emergency relief items: drinking water, food, tents, plastic sheeting, blankets, safe water kits, medical supplies and tools for rubble removal, as well as coffins

4 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Rehabilitation Phase Removed rubble, built over 900 temporary houses and latrines in Chincha (OFDA ) Restored livelihoods, rehabilitated drinking water and irrigation systems and built temporary classrooms in Castrovirreyna and Huaytará (ECHO and ELMA Foundation) Built over 6000 sanitation facilities in the four provinces (DFID-UN Flash Appeal)

5 Reconstruction Phase Government created Reconstruction Authority FORSUR and promised a S/.6000 subsidy to all families whose houses were destroyed CARE decided to focus its reconstruction efforts on helping poor families in rural areas access the government subsidy to rebuild their homes The challenge was to identify low cost earthquake resistant technologies Established partnership with the Catholic University to adopt earthquake resistant adobe houses reinforced with polimer mesh Convened NGOs and international aid agencies involved in the reconstruction effort to create the Safe and Healthy Housing Group Organizations in the Housing Group agree to promote proven earthquake resistant technologies and advocate for poor rural families to have access to the government housing subsidy

6 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” In training of technical staff in new earthquake resistant technology Housing Reconstruction Group-GVSS The August 15 earthquake Approval of reinforced adobe technology (march, 2008) CARE-PUCP partnership Implementation of projects by CARE- OFDA, CARE-CIDA, GVSS Families have access to rural earthquake- resistant, healthy houses Technical proposal and implementation model for the Bono S/. 6,000 for rural areas Approved but not implemented Rural Housing Pilot Project- BANMAT, CARE, local governments CARE- BANMAT partnership Reconstruction and Advocacy: Part 1

7 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” CARE – Catholic University Partnership Laboratory trials of earthquake resistant technology Initial training of technical staff in new technology earthquake-resistant Approval of reinforced adobe technology by SENCICO and Ministry of Housing (annex 1, adobe E080 RNE-national construction norms) Production of manuals and instruction video

8 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Housing Reconstruction Group Agreed to focus on earthquake resistant and healthy housing options for low- income families Prepared comparative study of earthquake resistant technologies, standardizing technical information Developed technical proposal and an implementation model for the Bono S/. 6,000 for rural areas Advocated before Ministry of Housing, FORSUR, SENCICO, BANMAT Engaged regional and local governments, UNDP and Cooperation Agencies as allies. (September, 2007)

9 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Housing Reconstruction Group Objectives: 1. Contribute to the reconstruction process by assisting poor families in rural areas 2. Demonstrate construction and project management models for the state to make the government subsidies available to poor rural families affected by the earthquake Institution Total Completed Underway Asociación de Países Emergentes (ASPEm) BANMAT/CARE Perú CARE Perú y otros socios PREDES504 0 GTZ-COSUDE y otros socios FEDERACIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE LA CRUZ ROJA Y MEDIA LUNA ROJA PAZ Y ESPERANZA186 0 SOLUCIONES PRACTICAS-ITDG PUCP y otros socios46 0 FUNDACIÓN CONTRA EL HAMBRE (FH)27 0 Centro de Investigación, Documentación y Asesoría Poblacional (CIDAP)10 0 Cruz Roja de Bélgica99 0 CARITAS DEL PERU TOTAL Implemented training and construction projects to provide technical assistance in building earthquake-resistant, healthy, low-cost housing

10 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” CARE-OFDA / CARE CIDA CARE-OFDA 2CARE-CIDA Huancavelica Reconstruction ( ) San Juan, Castrovirreyna and Huaytará basins 600 earthquake resistant houses 2 classroom 1 health post 6 Drinking water systems Capacity Building for Reconstruction of Chincha ( ) heads of families learn about structural and non-structural risk mitigation measures 1520 heads of families receive training in housing construction (adobe and thatch) 144 construction workers trained in the new technology 12 earthquake resistant model houses

11 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” CARE – Banco de Materiales – Local Governments Partnership Through this project: - 50 houses were built in Castrovirreyna houses in Chincha houses are now under construction Purchase and delivery of materials Payment of skilled labor and Resident Engineer Supervision Local Government Provided stone, water, and other construction materials Issued certificates of possession Organization and training of participant families Technical assistance Beneficiary families Unskilled manual labor, preparation of materials (adobe)

12 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Reconstruction and Advocacy: Part 2 Supreme Decree Housing (April 2009) Operational Regulations of Supreme Decree Ministerial Resolution (December 2009) Policy advocacy and technical assistance at the central level (GVSS and MVCS) and at the local level (mobilization of decision-makers) Families have access to rural housing grants Technical assistance for the implementation of the National Rural Housing Program Policy advocacy and technical assistance to develop management guidelines for a National Rural Housing Program Evidences: projects implemented by CARE, GVSS, BANMAT-CARE Political will of the State for attending rural housing problem

13 Advocacy for a National Rural Housing Policy Used the first anniversary of the earthquake to talk about the lack of government support for the reconstruction needs of rural families Got the Canadian Ambassador and the USAID Mission Director to talk to the Minister of Housing about the lack of a government mechanism to apply the housing subsidy in the rural areas Used Laura Bush’s visit to the earthquake affected area to get to the Peruvian First Lady with our concern Took the Minister of Housing and the National Housing Director on field visits to see the work that were doing with Banmat. Picked up on the interest of the new Minister of Housing to take the model that CARE developed with the Banmat to a national level rural housing program Advocated for a Supreme Decree with the Director of Housing

14 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Supreme Decree Housing National priority to rural housing programs (April, 2009)

15 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Actions Related to the Operational Regulations of the Supreme Decree Technical meetings held between the GVSS and the MVCS technical team to develop the operational regulations The Ministry of Housing technical team makes field visits to learn about the BANMAT-CARE Peru pilot experience Legal, technical and political bodies of the Ministry of Housing evaluate the final technical proposal. Technical asistance for drafting the SD regulations Ticrapo, Castrovirreyna

16 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Objectives: Disseminate rural housing models and the lessons learned from the Housing Reconstruction Group experiences Promote commitments on the part of the Ministry of Housing for the approval and implementation of the operational regulations Outcome: The vice-minister of housing makes public commitment to speed up the approval of the regulations of the supreme decree Rural Housing Forum Actions Related to the Operational Regulations of the Supreme Decree

17 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Technical meetings held with Regional Vice President of Ica and 18 district mayors in the earthquake affected área. Technical meetings held with Congressional Advisers from the IcaRegion Mobilization of the Ica Regional Government, district mayors and Members of Congress from the Ica Region Result: Petition signed by the Vice President of the Ica regional government and 18 district mayors was delivered to the Ministry of Housing (november, 2009) Actions Related to the Operational Regulations of the Supreme Decree

18 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Participation of the media Two years after the earthquake, the national media interviewed members of the Housing Group Media provided extensive coverage of the Housing Forum Media interviews mayor who represented all mayors that signed the petition requesting the acceleration of the regulation of the Supreme Decree Actions Related to the Operational Regulations of the Supreme Decree

19 “Sumando esfuerzos hasta el fin de la pobreza” Approval of the Operational Regulations of Supreme Decree Technical assistance in order to formulate operational regulations of SD Rural Housing Forum Mobilization of the Ica regional government, district mayors and members of Congress from Ica Region Participation of the media (December, 2009) Families living in rural areas will have access to housing grants to build safe, healthy homes The grants (up to S/. 16,685) will be administered by the Mi Vivienda Housing Fund through its Techo Propio Program, in coordination with rural technical entities

20 Implementation of the Regulations Governing the National Housing Program CARE receives a third grant from OFDA/USAID to support the implementation of the national housing program Members of the Housing Group join government task force to oversee the implementation Organizations in the Housing Group prepare to become certified rural technical entities to implement rural housing projects CARE agrees to support Banmat as a technical entity and provides technical assistance to small rural constructions companies Ministry of Housing agrees to fine tune the operational regulations based on the results of the first round of projects that are implemented The regional governments of Ica and Huancavelica seek technical assistance to use their own funds in building safe and healthy homes The USAID Mission Director is put in charge of developing the housing reconstruction program for Haiti based on USAID’s experience in Peru


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