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Deepak Rout Nullcon (Dwitiya) Goa 26 Feb 2011. Agenda Data Leakage Prevention …a new paradigm IBA instead of RBA …turning ‘The Standard’ around What’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Deepak Rout Nullcon (Dwitiya) Goa 26 Feb 2011. Agenda Data Leakage Prevention …a new paradigm IBA instead of RBA …turning ‘The Standard’ around What’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Deepak Rout Nullcon (Dwitiya) Goa 26 Feb 2011

2 Agenda Data Leakage Prevention …a new paradigm IBA instead of RBA …turning ‘The Standard’ around What’s in store for us! Q & A

3 Shortcomings of a Readymade DLP Solution  Very high false positives  Long gestation period  Data Leakage due to the DLP solution  Several data leakage avenues left out Mass storage devices Unmonitored Internet access Uncontrolled Exception Management Too many Admins/Super-Users  Differing Legal/Regulatory provisions - Globally Result: Unintentional data loss gets detected, while planned Data Theft or Corporate Espionage agent remains a step ahead of DLP policies.

4 Data Leakage Preventions - Essentials Business/Management Concerns on Security of Data Statutory and Regulatory Imperatives Contracts and Agreements Data Protection - a Security Manager’s KPI Avoiding the Silver Bullet Syndrome Holistic & Proactive Data Protection Framework

5 Holistic Approach to Reduce Data Leakage Closing data leak channels not required for business Proactively monitoring channels required to be opened for business Focus on known/suspected leak channels Adhering to ‘need to know’ Controlling leakage by authorized users (e.g. End point solution) Controlling leakage to unauthorized users (e.g. Rights management) Using technology as well as process controls Phased deployment approach Strong management intent and business involvement Educating users on DLP program and consequences of violation Effective Consequence Management and exemplary treatment Doing PDCA, if a DLP solution is deployed Knowing limitations of DLP controls/tools, brief management to accept risk Accepting that even after all controls, data leak incidents may happen: ○ Capability to audit user actions ○ Tools to investigate data leak incidents

6 Suggested Data Leakage Prevention Framework

7 DLP - Do Not & Do Do Not  As a remedial measure in the aftermath of a particularly nasty incident  Business doing well &security gets to push through security investment  Getting entangled with a silver bullet DLP solution  Pure selling by DLP solution providers  As a mail filtering mechanism Do  Deploy a comprehensive set of DLP technologies and processes as a risk mitigation measure which emerges from a systematic Risk Assessment based on business and security objectives Data Loss Channels Internet Mass Storage Devices (USBs, SD Cards) Employee Laptops Vendor Laptops Hand-held Devices E-Mail & MS Office Communicator Hard Copy Prints Sensitive areas like Board Room Internal Portals Recommended Solutions Detect unauthorized admin access on Mail infrastructure Data Loss detection capability for Email traffic Logging of Office Communicator Data Loss detection capability for Internet traffic Prevent attachment download to handheld devices Consolidate Internet access and put upload restrictions Rights Management Solution Disable Mass Storage (USB, SD Cards etc) and unnecessary services (file & print sharing, Bluetooth, FTP etc) Secure end user systems and revoke administrative rights Encrypt Laptops Secure Printing

8 Agenda Data Leakage Prevention …a new paradigm IBA instead of RBA …turning ‘The Standard’ around What’s in store for us! Q & A

9 IBA instead of RBA for EIS 'Risk Based Approach' (RBA) - PDCA approach of identifying & mitigating risks 'Incident based approach' (IBA) is an alternate to RBA - PDCA cycle based on incident prevention On occurrence follow steps - Triage, Investigate, CAPA, RCA, Implement Digital Forensics play a anchoring role in all stages:  Triage - Preserve incident parameters  Investigation, CAPA & RCA - Diagnostics & Analysis  Prevention - Designing Enterprise Controls

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11 Typical Chronology of Digital Investigation....1 1.Prepare a clean destination hard drive: - Difficult to distinguish between old data and new - Suspect can claim that incriminating evidence was planted - Specialised tools to wipe off past data (e.g. DriveWiper Voom) - Also generates reports to demonstrate that hard disk is clean 2. Digitally image data from suspect system to target drive: - Bit-by-bit clone of original hard drive using specialized tools - Includes all files (OS, deleted, encrypted, password protected & hidden) - Data hidden surreptitiously within other files is also retrieved - OS independent tools, do not require a dedicated drive - Rapid imaging - Original hard drive is then sealed ACQUIRE

12 Typical Chronology of a Digital Investigation....2 3. Fingerprint: - To ensure that data copied from source drive to cloned drive is the same - Unique fingerprint created for each hard drive (hashing) - Suspect hard drive is seized along with hash value, known to suspect - Same hash value demonstrated on seized drive 4. Write-protect data: - Using write-protect bridges - Then onwards, the drive can only be read but not written to - Guarantees purity of evidence 5. Analyse/Investigate: - Specialised tools to scan hard drive and classify files as per category (encrypted files, password protected files, misnamed files, image files, compressed files etc). - Password-cracking tools are used on password-protected files -Steganography (camouflaging files within another file) can be countered with tools conforming to judicial and evidential requirements (analysed for hidden messages) AUTHENTICATE ANALYSE

13 Enterprise Capability Model for Digital Forensics Highly developed internal capability not desirable Minimum & potent internal capability (imaging, packet capture, logging etc) Advanced capabilities on-demand (image analysis, link analysis, heuristics etc):  As appropriate for specific industry  Pre-configured per management/regulatory requirement  Pre-negotiated & with SLA RoI & industry considerations for configuring model Optimum model - limited internal & bulk outsourced capability After Forensics, What???

14 A View of the Future!!! New criminal business models & malware sophistication: Criminal organizations worldwide are increasingly migrating business models online. Complexity of threats will increase & digital crimes will be more. The problem will not disappear: Criminals online activities will continue to be hosted in distributed servers worldwide. New targets: Newer attack methodologies including targeting of SCADA systems that control key infrastructure and economy sectors (petrol, gas, electricity, water, nuclear etc). Economic impact. World economy’s relationship with online services is so strong that any failure could lead to complete chaos. Criminals know this and will take full advantage of it. Ubiquitous Malware. Citizens will continue to depend on technology and ubiquitous online services (mobiles, PDA, laptops, 3G etc). We will see more attacks targeting these technologies. It’s a very profitable business; returns exceed stock markets (3 digit growth)… Security will be in Business!

15 Q&A rout.deepak@gmail.com 0-95821-58042


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