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Chapter 27 Physical Geography of East Asia. Landforms: Mountains & Desert Natural barriers – mountains, deserts, rugged terrain, large bodies of water.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 27 Physical Geography of East Asia. Landforms: Mountains & Desert Natural barriers – mountains, deserts, rugged terrain, large bodies of water."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 27 Physical Geography of East Asia

2 Landforms: Mountains & Desert Natural barriers – mountains, deserts, rugged terrain, large bodies of water Natural barriers – mountains, deserts, rugged terrain, large bodies of water Kunlun Mountains (west China) Kunlun Mountains (west China) Source of Huang He (Yellow) River Source of Huang He (Yellow) River Source of Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River Source of Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River Qinling Shandi Mountains (southeast and east central China) Qinling Shandi Mountains (southeast and east central China) Gobi Desert – vast, stretches across parts of China and Mongolia Gobi Desert – vast, stretches across parts of China and Mongolia

3 Peninsulas and Islands Korean Peninsula Korean Peninsula Contains two independent countries Contains two independent countries North Korea and South Korea North Korea and South Korea Japan and Taiwan similarity Japan and Taiwan similarity Both are on islands off coast of Asia Both are on islands off coast of Asia Hainan Hainan Large Chinese island near Vietnam Large Chinese island near Vietnam

4 River Systems – Critical to development of Civilizations of East Asia Huang He (Yellow River) Huang He (Yellow River) Begins in Kunlun Mts., ends at Yellow Sea Begins in Kunlun Mts., ends at Yellow Sea Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) 3900 miles long, major trade route, often floods 3900 miles long, major trade route, often floods Xi Jiang (West River) Xi Jiang (West River) Southernmost of China’s three great river systems Southernmost of China’s three great river systems

5 Resources of East Asia Land and forests Land and forests Agricultural (arable) land limited Agricultural (arable) land limited Fertile river valleys Fertile river valleys Abundant forests, good for timber Abundant forests, good for timber Mineral and energy resources Mineral and energy resources China – petroleum, natural gas, coal, self-sufficient China – petroleum, natural gas, coal, self-sufficient Japan – coal, forced to trade with others Japan – coal, forced to trade with others Water resources Water resources Long river systems – irrigation, hydropower, transport Long river systems – irrigation, hydropower, transport Seas – fishing/seafood trade Seas – fishing/seafood trade

6 Climate and Vegetation Typhoon – tropical storm, western Pacific Typhoon – tropical storm, western Pacific Climate zones Climate zones Subarctic – northern borders with Russia Subarctic – northern borders with Russia Highland – mostly in western China Highland – mostly in western China Humid continental/Humid subtropical Humid continental/Humid subtropical Semiarid – Mongolian plateau Semiarid – Mongolian plateau Desert – Taklimakan and Gobi Deserts Desert – Taklimakan and Gobi Deserts Tropical wet – rain forests Tropical wet – rain forests

7 Human- Environment Interaction Three Gorges Dam Three Gorges Dam Built on the Chang Jiang River Built on the Chang Jiang River Main reason – to prevent flooding Main reason – to prevent flooding Experts disagree Experts disagree Positive Positive Control flooding Control flooding Generate huge amounts of electrical power Generate huge amounts of electrical power Ships can reach China’s interior Ships can reach China’s interior Negative Negative Humans have to move Humans have to move More $ than anticipated More $ than anticipated Environmental problems not addressed Environmental problems not addressed

8 Use of Space in Urban Japan Japan has very little livable land space Japan has very little livable land space Very mountainous Very mountainous Population density – negative impacts Population density – negative impacts Noise and air pollution Noise and air pollution Small living spaces/high pop. density Small living spaces/high pop. density Overcoming space obstacles Overcoming space obstacles Landfills – (refuse + dirt layers) Landfills – (refuse + dirt layers) Adjusting to smaller environments Adjusting to smaller environments Simple and movable furnishings Simple and movable furnishings


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